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368,612
Simultaneous Multithreading: Maximizing OnChip Parallelism
, 1995
"... This paper examines simultaneous multithreading, a technique permitting several independent threads to issue instructions to a superscalarâ€™s multiple functional units in a single cycle. We present several models of simultaneous multithreading and compare them with alternative organizations: a wide s ..."
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Cited by 802 (48 self)
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This paper examines simultaneous multithreading, a technique permitting several independent threads to issue instructions to a superscalarâ€™s multiple functional units in a single cycle. We present several models of simultaneous multithreading and compare them with alternative organizations: a wide superscalar, a finegrain multithreaded processor, and singlechip, multipleissue multiprocessing architectures. Our results show that both (singlethreaded) superscalar and finegrain multithreaded architectures are limited in their ability to utilize the resources of a wideissue processor. Simultaneous multithreading has the potential to achieve 4 times the throughput of a superscalar, and double that of finegrain multithreading. We evaluate several cache configurations made possible by this type of organization and evaluate tradeoffs between them. We also show that simultaneous multithreading is an attractive alternative to singlechip multiprocessors; simultaneous multithreaded processors with a variety of organizations outperform corresponding conventional multiprocessors with similar execution resources. While simultaneous multithreading has excellent potential to increase processor utilization, it can add substantial complexity to the design. We examine many of these complexities and evaluate alternative organizations in the design space.
A simple parallel algorithm for the maximal independent set problem
 SIAM Journal on Computing
, 1986
"... Simple parallel algorithms for the maximal independent set (MIS) problem are presented. The first algorithm is a Monte Carlo algorithm with a very local property. The local property of this algorithm may make it a useful protocol design tool in distributed computing environments and artificial intel ..."
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Cited by 458 (10 self)
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Simple parallel algorithms for the maximal independent set (MIS) problem are presented. The first algorithm is a Monte Carlo algorithm with a very local property. The local property of this algorithm may make it a useful protocol design tool in distributed computing environments and artificial
A training algorithm for optimal margin classifiers
 PROCEEDINGS OF THE 5TH ANNUAL ACM WORKSHOP ON COMPUTATIONAL LEARNING THEORY
, 1992
"... A training algorithm that maximizes the margin between the training patterns and the decision boundary is presented. The technique is applicable to a wide variety of classifiaction functions, including Perceptrons, polynomials, and Radial Basis Functions. The effective number of parameters is adjust ..."
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Cited by 1848 (44 self)
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A training algorithm that maximizes the margin between the training patterns and the decision boundary is presented. The technique is applicable to a wide variety of classifiaction functions, including Perceptrons, polynomials, and Radial Basis Functions. The effective number of parameters
Managing Update Conflicts in Bayou, a Weakly Connected Replicated Storage System
 In Proceedings of the Fifteenth ACM Symposium on Operating Systems Principles
, 1995
"... Bayou is a replicated, weakly consistent storage system designed for a mobile computing environment that includes portable machines with less than ideal network connectivity. To maximize availability, users can read and write any accessible replica. Bayou's design has focused on supporting apph ..."
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Cited by 506 (14 self)
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Bayou is a replicated, weakly consistent storage system designed for a mobile computing environment that includes portable machines with less than ideal network connectivity. To maximize availability, users can read and write any accessible replica. Bayou's design has focused on supporting
Interior Point Methods in Semidefinite Programming with Applications to Combinatorial Optimization
 SIAM Journal on Optimization
, 1993
"... We study the semidefinite programming problem (SDP), i.e the problem of optimization of a linear function of a symmetric matrix subject to linear equality constraints and the additional condition that the matrix be positive semidefinite. First we review the classical cone duality as specialized to S ..."
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Cited by 557 (12 self)
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We study the semidefinite programming problem (SDP), i.e the problem of optimization of a linear function of a symmetric matrix subject to linear equality constraints and the additional condition that the matrix be positive semidefinite. First we review the classical cone duality as specialized to SDP. Next we present an interior point algorithm which converges to the optimal solution in polynomial time. The approach is a direct extension of Ye's projective method for linear programming. We also argue that most known interior point methods for linear programs can be transformed in a mechanical way to algorithms for SDP with proofs of convergence and polynomial time complexity also carrying over in a similar fashion. Finally we study the significance of these results in a variety of combinatorial optimization problems including the general 01 integer programs, the maximum clique and maximum stable set problems in perfect graphs, the maximum k partite subgraph problem in graphs, and va...
AN n 5/2 ALGORITHM FOR MAXIMUM MATCHINGS IN BIPARTITE GRAPHS
, 1973
"... The present paper shows how to construct a maximum matching in a bipartite graph with n vertices and m edges in a number of computation steps proportional to (m + n)x/. ..."
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Cited by 712 (1 self)
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The present paper shows how to construct a maximum matching in a bipartite graph with n vertices and m edges in a number of computation steps proportional to (m + n)x/.
A Volumetric Method for Building Complex Models from Range Images
, 1996
"... A number of techniques have been developed for reconstructing surfaces by integrating groups of aligned range images. A desirable set of properties for such algorithms includes: incremental updating, representation of directional uncertainty, the ability to fill gaps in the reconstruction, and robus ..."
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Cited by 1018 (18 self)
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A number of techniques have been developed for reconstructing surfaces by integrating groups of aligned range images. A desirable set of properties for such algorithms includes: incremental updating, representation of directional uncertainty, the ability to fill gaps in the reconstruction, and robustness in the presence of outliers. Prior algorithms possess subsets of these properties. In this paper, we present a volumetric method for integrating range images that possesses all of these properties. Our volumetric representation consists of a cumulative weighted signed distance function. Working with one range image at a time, we first scanconvert it to a distance function, then combine this with the data already acquired using a simple additive scheme. To achieve space efficiency, we employ a runlength encoding of the volume. To achieve time efficiency, we resample the range image to align with the voxel grid and traverse the range and voxel scanlines synchronously. We generate the f...
Mining Sequential Patterns
, 1995
"... We are given a large database of customer transactions, where each transaction consists of customerid, transaction time, and the items bought in the transaction. We introduce the problem of mining sequential patterns over such databases. We present three algorithms to solve this problem, and empiri ..."
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Cited by 1534 (7 self)
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We are given a large database of customer transactions, where each transaction consists of customerid, transaction time, and the items bought in the transaction. We introduce the problem of mining sequential patterns over such databases. We present three algorithms to solve this problem, and empirically evaluate their performance using synthetic data. Two of the proposed algorithms, AprioriSome and AprioriAll, have comparable performance, albeit AprioriSome performs a little better when the minimum number of customers that must support a sequential pattern is low. Scaleup experiments show that both AprioriSome and AprioriAll scale linearly with the number of customer transactions. They also have excellent scaleup properties with respect to the number of transactions per customer and the number of items in a transaction.
ModelBased Clustering, Discriminant Analysis, and Density Estimation
 JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN STATISTICAL ASSOCIATION
, 2000
"... Cluster analysis is the automated search for groups of related observations in a data set. Most clustering done in practice is based largely on heuristic but intuitively reasonable procedures and most clustering methods available in commercial software are also of this type. However, there is little ..."
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Cited by 557 (28 self)
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Cluster analysis is the automated search for groups of related observations in a data set. Most clustering done in practice is based largely on heuristic but intuitively reasonable procedures and most clustering methods available in commercial software are also of this type. However, there is little systematic guidance associated with these methods for solving important practical questions that arise in cluster analysis, such as \How many clusters are there?", "Which clustering method should be used?" and \How should outliers be handled?". We outline a general methodology for modelbased clustering that provides a principled statistical approach to these issues. We also show that this can be useful for other problems in multivariate analysis, such as discriminant analysis and multivariate density estimation. We give examples from medical diagnosis, mineeld detection, cluster recovery from noisy data, and spatial density estimation. Finally, we mention limitations of the methodology, a...
Normalization for cDNA microarray data: a robust composite method addressing single and multiple slide systematic variation
, 2002
"... There are many sources of systematic variation in cDNA microarray experiments which affect the measured gene expression levels (e.g. differences in labeling efficiency between the two fluorescent dyes). The term normalization refers to the process of removing such variation. A constant adjustment is ..."
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Cited by 699 (9 self)
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There are many sources of systematic variation in cDNA microarray experiments which affect the measured gene expression levels (e.g. differences in labeling efficiency between the two fluorescent dyes). The term normalization refers to the process of removing such variation. A constant adjustment is often used to force the distribution of the intensity log ratios to have a median of zero for each slide. However, such global normalization approaches are not adequate in situations where dye biases can depend on spot overall intensity and/or spatial location within the array. This article proposes normalization methods that are based on robust local regression and account for intensity and spatial dependence in dye biases for different types of cDNA microarray experiments. The selection of appropriate controls for normalization is discussed and a novel set of controls (microarray sample pool, MSP) is introduced to aid in intensitydependent normalization. Lastly, to allow for comparisons of expression levels across slides, a robust method based on maximum likelihood estimation is proposed to adjust for scale differences among slides.
Results 1  10
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368,612