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Exact Sampling with Coupled Markov Chains and Applications to Statistical Mechanics
, 1996
"... For many applications it is useful to sample from a finite set of objects in accordance with some particular distribution. One approach is to run an ergodic (i.e., irreducible aperiodic) Markov chain whose stationary distribution is the desired distribution on this set; after the Markov chain has ..."
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Cited by 548 (13 self)
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has run for M steps, with M sufficiently large, the distribution governing the state of the chain approximates the desired distribution. Unfortunately it can be difficult to determine how large M needs to be. We describe a simple variant of this method that determines on its own when to stop
Data Security
, 1979
"... The rising abuse of computers and increasing threat to personal privacy through data banks have stimulated much interest m the techmcal safeguards for data. There are four kinds of safeguards, each related to but distract from the others. Access controls regulate which users may enter the system and ..."
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Cited by 611 (3 self)
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The rising abuse of computers and increasing threat to personal privacy through data banks have stimulated much interest m the techmcal safeguards for data. There are four kinds of safeguards, each related to but distract from the others. Access controls regulate which users may enter the system
Impulses and Physiological States in Theoretical Models of Nerve Membrane
 Biophysical Journal
, 1961
"... ABSTRACT Van der Pol's equation for a relaxation oscillator is generalized by the addition of terms to produce a pair of nonlinear differential equations with either a stable singular point or a limit cycle. The resulting "BVP model " has two variables of state, representing excitabi ..."
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Cited by 496 (0 self)
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ABSTRACT Van der Pol's equation for a relaxation oscillator is generalized by the addition of terms to produce a pair of nonlinear differential equations with either a stable singular point or a limit cycle. The resulting "BVP model " has two variables of state, representing
2005 MAFFT version 5: improvement in accuracy of multiple sequence alignment. Nucleic Acids Res
"... The accuracy of multiple sequence alignment program MAFFT has been improved. The new version (5.3) of MAFFT offers new iterative refinement options, HINSi, FINSi and GINSi, in which pairwise alignment information are incorporated into objective function. These new options of MAFFT showed hig ..."
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Cited by 788 (5 self)
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The accuracy of multiple sequence alignment program MAFFT has been improved. The new version (5.3) of MAFFT offers new iterative refinement options, HINSi, FINSi and GINSi, in which pairwise alignment information are incorporated into objective function. These new options of MAFFT showed
Alyson van Raalte
, 2012
"... Lifespan variation by occupational class: Compression or stagnation over time? MaxPlanckInstitut für demografi sche Forschung ..."
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Lifespan variation by occupational class: Compression or stagnation over time? MaxPlanckInstitut für demografi sche Forschung
The process group approach to reliable distributed computing
 Communications of the ACM
, 1993
"... The difficulty of developing reliable distributed softwme is an impediment to applying distributed computing technology in many settings. Expeti _ with the Isis system suggests that a structured approach based on virtually synchronous _ groups yields systems that are substantially easier to develop, ..."
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Cited by 573 (19 self)
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configuration changes occur. The resulting building blocks are, therefore, unsuitable for facilitating the construction of systems where reliability is impo/tant. This paper reviews six years of research on Isis, a syg_,,m that provides tools _ support the construction of reliable distributed software
Constraint Logic Programming: A Survey
"... Constraint Logic Programming (CLP) is a merger of two declarative paradigms: constraint solving and logic programming. Although a relatively new field, CLP has progressed in several quite different directions. In particular, the early fundamental concepts have been adapted to better serve in differe ..."
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Cited by 864 (25 self)
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Constraint Logic Programming (CLP) is a merger of two declarative paradigms: constraint solving and logic programming. Although a relatively new field, CLP has progressed in several quite different directions. In particular, the early fundamental concepts have been adapted to better serve in different areas of applications. In this survey of CLP, a primary goal is to give a systematic description of the major trends in terms of common fundamental concepts. The three main parts cover the theory, implementation issues, and programming for applications.
The Semantics of Predicate Logic as a Programming Language
 Journal of the ACM
, 1976
"... ABSTRACT Sentences in firstorder predicate logic can be usefully interpreted as programs In this paper the operational and fixpomt semantics of predicate logic programs are defined, and the connections with the proof theory and model theory of logic are investigated It is concluded that operational ..."
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Cited by 810 (18 self)
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ABSTRACT Sentences in firstorder predicate logic can be usefully interpreted as programs In this paper the operational and fixpomt semantics of predicate logic programs are defined, and the connections with the proof theory and model theory of logic are investigated It is concluded that operational semantics is a part of proof theory and that fixpolnt semantics is a special case of modeltheoret:c semantics KEY WORDS AND PHRASES predicate logic as a programming language, semantics of programming languages, resolution theorem proving, operaUonal versus denotatlonal semantics, SLresoluuon, flxpomt characterization
Improved methods for building protein models in electron density maps and the location of errors in these models. Acta Crystallogr. sect
 A
, 1991
"... Map interpretation remains a critical step in solving the structure of a macromolecule. Errors introduced at this early stage may persist throughout crystallographic refinement and result in an incorrect structure. The normally quoted crystallographic residual is often a poor description for the q ..."
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Cited by 1016 (9 self)
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Map interpretation remains a critical step in solving the structure of a macromolecule. Errors introduced at this early stage may persist throughout crystallographic refinement and result in an incorrect structure. The normally quoted crystallographic residual is often a poor description for the quality of the model. Strategies and tools are described that help to alleviate this problem. These simplify the modelbuilding process, quantify the goodness of fit of the model on a perresidue basis and locate possible errors in peptide and sidechain conformations.
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