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Linearized Smooth Additive Classifiers
"... Abstract. We consider a framework for learning additive classifiers based on regularized empirical risk minimization, where the regularization favors “smooth ” functions. We present representations of classifiers for which the optimization problem can be efficiently solved. The first family of such ..."
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Cited by 1 (0 self)
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Abstract. We consider a framework for learning additive classifiers based on regularized empirical risk minimization, where the regularization favors “smooth ” functions. We present representations of classifiers for which the optimization problem can be efficiently solved. The first family
Bayesian Network Classifiers
, 1997
"... Recent work in supervised learning has shown that a surprisingly simple Bayesian classifier with strong assumptions of independence among features, called naive Bayes, is competitive with stateoftheart classifiers such as C4.5. This fact raises the question of whether a classifier with less restr ..."
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Cited by 788 (23 self)
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Recent work in supervised learning has shown that a surprisingly simple Bayesian classifier with strong assumptions of independence among features, called naive Bayes, is competitive with stateoftheart classifiers such as C4.5. This fact raises the question of whether a classifier with less
Generalized Additive Models
, 1984
"... Likelihood based regression models, such as the normal linear regression model and the linear logistic model, assume a linear (or some other parametric) form for the covariate effects. We introduce the Local Scotinq procedure which replaces the liner form C Xjpj by a sum of smooth functions C Sj(Xj) ..."
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Cited by 2413 (46 self)
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Likelihood based regression models, such as the normal linear regression model and the linear logistic model, assume a linear (or some other parametric) form for the covariate effects. We introduce the Local Scotinq procedure which replaces the liner form C Xjpj by a sum of smooth functions C Sj
Exploiting Generative Models in Discriminative Classifiers
 In Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 11
, 1998
"... Generative probability models such as hidden Markov models provide a principled way of treating missing information and dealing with variable length sequences. On the other hand, discriminative methods such as support vector machines enable us to construct flexible decision boundaries and often resu ..."
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Cited by 538 (11 self)
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result in classification performance superior to that of the model based approaches. An ideal classifier should combine these two complementary approaches. In this paper, we develop a natural way of achieving this combination by deriving kernel functions for use in discriminative methods such as support
Additive Logistic Regression: a Statistical View of Boosting
 Annals of Statistics
, 1998
"... Boosting (Freund & Schapire 1996, Schapire & Singer 1998) is one of the most important recent developments in classification methodology. The performance of many classification algorithms can often be dramatically improved by sequentially applying them to reweighted versions of the input dat ..."
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Cited by 1719 (25 self)
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data, and taking a weighted majority vote of the sequence of classifiers thereby produced. We show that this seemingly mysterious phenomenon can be understood in terms of well known statistical principles, namely additive modeling and maximum likelihood. For the twoclass problem, boosting can
Lambertian Reflectance and Linear Subspaces
, 2000
"... We prove that the set of all reflectance functions (the mapping from surface normals to intensities) produced by Lambertian objects under distant, isotropic lighting lies close to a 9D linear subspace. This implies that, in general, the set of images of a convex Lambertian object obtained under a wi ..."
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Cited by 514 (20 self)
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We prove that the set of all reflectance functions (the mapping from surface normals to intensities) produced by Lambertian objects under distant, isotropic lighting lies close to a 9D linear subspace. This implies that, in general, the set of images of a convex Lambertian object obtained under a
A training algorithm for optimal margin classifiers
 PROCEEDINGS OF THE 5TH ANNUAL ACM WORKSHOP ON COMPUTATIONAL LEARNING THEORY
, 1992
"... A training algorithm that maximizes the margin between the training patterns and the decision boundary is presented. The technique is applicable to a wide variety of classifiaction functions, including Perceptrons, polynomials, and Radial Basis Functions. The effective number of parameters is adjust ..."
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Cited by 1848 (44 self)
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is adjusted automatically to match the complexity of the problem. The solution is expressed as a linear combination of supporting patterns. These are the subset of training patterns that are closest to the decision boundary. Bounds on the generalization performance based on the leaveoneout method and the VC
Estimating Continuous Distributions in Bayesian Classifiers
 In Proceedings of the Eleventh Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence
, 1995
"... When modeling a probability distribution with a Bayesian network, we are faced with the problem of how to handle continuous variables. Most previous work has either solved the problem by discretizing, or assumed that the data are generated by a single Gaussian. In this paper we abandon the normality ..."
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Cited by 489 (2 self)
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the normality assumption and instead use statistical methods for nonparametric density estimation. For a naive Bayesian classifier, we present experimental results on a variety of natural and artificial domains, comparing two methods of density estimation: assuming normality and modeling each conditional
Hierarchically Classifying Documents Using Very Few Words
, 1997
"... The proliferation of topic hierarchies for text documents has resulted in a need for tools that automatically classify new documents within such hierarchies. Existing classification schemes which ignore the hierarchical structure and treat the topics as separate classes are often inadequate in text ..."
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Cited by 521 (8 self)
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The proliferation of topic hierarchies for text documents has resulted in a need for tools that automatically classify new documents within such hierarchies. Existing classification schemes which ignore the hierarchical structure and treat the topics as separate classes are often inadequate in text
An Empirical Study of Smoothing Techniques for Language Modeling
, 1998
"... We present an extensive empirical comparison of several smoothing techniques in the domain of language modeling, including those described by Jelinek and Mercer (1980), Katz (1987), and Church and Gale (1991). We investigate for the first time how factors such as training data size, corpus (e.g., Br ..."
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Cited by 1188 (21 self)
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.g., Brown versus Wall Street Journal), and ngram order (bigram versus trigram) affect the relative performance of these methods, which we measure through the crossentropy of test data. In addition, we introduce two novel smoothing techniques, one a variation of JelinekMercer smoothing and one a very
Results 1  10
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