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336
Research Article Comparison of Monkeypox Virus Clade Kinetics and Pathology within the Prairie Dog Animal Model Using a Serial Sacrifice Study Design
"... Copyright © 2015 Christina L. Hutson et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Monkeypox virus (MPXV) infection of the p ..."
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Copyright © 2015 Christina L. Hutson et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Monkeypox virus (MPXV) infection
Accepted
, 2007
"... The creation of this dissertation lasted – officially – over five and a half years. Therefore, it is clear that there are a limitless number of people who have affected its final production and deserve to be acknowledged. Unfortunately, I only have two pages to summarize these contributions, so I’ll ..."
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for it. I appreciate all members of my committee for coming to the meetings prepared, asking questions, and being available when I needed them. I give special thanks to Jim Hutson, who was always available for me to talk about professional, statistical, and personal problems. I am especially grateful
Technical Guide to Managing Ground Water Resources Acknowledgments
, 2007
"... and Kevin McCormack of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The document benefited greatly from our colleagues, too numerous to list, who reviewed the content and provided valuable comments. Editing was provided by Joe Gurrieri, Jim GauthierWarinner, and Christopher Carlson of the Forest Servi ..."
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and Kevin McCormack of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The document benefited greatly from our colleagues, too numerous to list, who reviewed the content and provided valuable comments. Editing was provided by Joe Gurrieri, Jim GauthierWarinner, and Christopher Carlson of the Forest
Fuzzy signal detection theory: Basic postulates and formulas for analyzing human and machine performance.” Human Factors
, 2000
"... Signal detection theory (SDT) assumes a division of objective truths or "states of the world " into the nonoverlapping categories of signal and noise. The definition of a signal in many real settings, however, varies with context and over time. In the terminology of fuzzy logic, a realwor ..."
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Cited by 19 (8 self)
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Signal detection theory (SDT) assumes a division of objective truths or "states of the world " into the nonoverlapping categories of signal and noise. The definition of a signal in many real settings, however, varies with context and over time. In the terminology of fuzzy logic, a realworld signal has a value that falls in a range between unequivocal presence and unequivocal absence. The definition of a response can also be nonbinary. Accordingly the methods of fuzzy logic can be combined with SDT, yielding fuzzy SDT. We describe the basic postulates of fuzzy SDT and provide formulas for fuzzy analysis of detection performance, based on four steps: (a) selection of mapping functions for signal and response, (b) use of mixedimplication functions to assign degrees of membership in hits, false alarms, misses, and correct rejections; (c) computation of fuzzy hit, false alarm, miss, and correct rejection rates; and (d) computation of fuzzy sensitivity and bias measures. Fuzzy SDT can considerably extend the range and utility of SDT by handling the contextual and temporal variability of most realworld signals. Actual or potential applications of fuzzy SDT include evaluation of the performance of human, machine, and humanmachine detectors in real systems. 7rr nv os;?7hnr;v ls;+honrnisinohechrl? ian ffmP n 11 AfAea ie h>ltAij a rriurt "lU uuegtrt w'tU1 C rrtW, n).aftU end in doubts; but if he will be content to begin with doubts he shall end in certainties.
Foundations of Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean evolution: eight controversies resolved: Geologica Acta, v
, 2006
"... eight controversies resolved Eight points of recurring controversy regarding the primary foundations of models of Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean tectonic evolution are identified and examined. The eight points are controversial mainly because of the disconnect between different scales of thinking by ..."
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Cited by 16 (2 self)
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eight controversies resolved Eight points of recurring controversy regarding the primary foundations of models of Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean tectonic evolution are identified and examined. The eight points are controversial mainly because of the disconnect between different scales of thinking by different workers, a common but unfortunate problem in the geological profession. Largescale thinkers often are unaware of local geological detail, and localscale workers fail to appreciate the level of evolutionary precision and constraint provided by regional tectonics and plate kinematics. The eight controversies are: (1) the degree of freedom in the GulfCaribbean kinematic framework that is allowed by Atlantic opening parameters; (2) the existence of a South BahamasGuyana Transform, and the role of this structure in Cuban, Bahamian, Trinidadian, and Guyanese evolution; (3) the anticlockwise rotation of the Yucatán Block during the opening of the Gulf of Mexico; (4) the Pacific origin of the Caribbean oceanic crust; (5) the Aptian age and plate boundary geometry of the onset of westdipping subduction of ProtoCaribbean beneath Caribbean lithospheres; (6) the origin and causal mechanism of the Caribbean Large Igneous Province…not Galapagos!; (7) the number and origin of magmatic arcs in the northern Caribbean; and (8) the origin of Paleogene “flysch ” deposits along northern South America: the ProtoCaribbean subduction zone. Here we show that there are viable marriages between the larger and finer scale data sets that define working and testable elements of the region’s evolution. In our opinion, these marriages are geologically accurate and suggest that they should form discrete elements that can and be integrated into regional models of Gulf and Caribbean evolution. We also call upon different facets of the geological community to collaborate and integrate diverse data sets more openly, in the hopes of improving general understanding and limiting the publication of unnecessary papers which only serve to spread geological uncertainty. Gulf of Mexico. Caribbean. Tectonic evolution. ProtoCaribbean. Pacific origin.
Conjugacy Classes Of Triple Products In Finite Groups
"... . Let G be a finite group and let T 1 denote the number of times a triple (x; y; z) 2 G 3 binds X , where X = fxyz; xzy; yxz; yzx; zxy; zyxg, to one conjugacy class. Let T 2 denote the number of times a triple in G 3 breaks X into two conjugacy classes. We have established the following results ..."
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. Let G be a finite group and let T 1 denote the number of times a triple (x; y; z) 2 G 3 binds X , where X = fxyz; xzy; yxz; yzx; zxy; zyxg, to one conjugacy class. Let T 2 denote the number of times a triple in G 3 breaks X into two conjugacy classes. We have established the following results: i) the probability that a triple (x; y; z) 2 D 3 n binds X to one conjugacy class is 5 8 . ii) for groups such that 2jZ(G)jjG 0 j = jGj, T 2 3(jZ(G)j) 3 jG 0 j(jG 0 j \Gamma 1) 2 . 1. Introduction The motivation for our research stems from the following problem: Let x; y 2 G, It is a common exercise in group theory texts to have students show that the number of pairs (x; y) such that y 2 C(x) is kjGj where k represents the number of conjugacy classes in G and C(x) is the centralizer of x. For the problem addressed in this paper, note that the pair (x; y) will always produce one conjugacy class in the set fxy; yxg , since xy = y \Gamma1 (yx)y. A natural extension of this p...
GAllai Theorems Involving . . .
, 2002
"... In 1959 Gallai [5] showed that the vertex independence number and the vertex covering number of a graph G = (V, E) sum to V . Over the last twenty years, many results similar to Gallai’s Theorem have been observed [3]. These theorems are referred to as “Gallai Theorems ” and usually have the form: ..."
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In 1959 Gallai [5] showed that the vertex independence number and the vertex covering number of a graph G = (V, E) sum to V . Over the last twenty years, many results similar to Gallai’s Theorem have been observed [3]. These theorems are referred to as “Gallai Theorems ” and usually have the form: α + β = n. Slater [17] described several graph subset parameters using linear programs (LP) and integer programs. Gallai Theorems for the resulting parameters may be obtained by using the concepts of LPduality and complementarity. Slater defines several of the parameters generated by various graph theoretic matrices, but leaves other parameters unstudied. In this paper, we take a closer look at some of those unstudied parameters and at some related parameters.
Tree Traversals and Permutations
"... We build upon the previous work on the subset of permutations known as stack words and stacksortable words. We use preorder, inorder and postorder traversals of binary trees to establish multiple bijections between binary trees and these words. We show these operators satisfy a sort of multiplicati ..."
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Cited by 3 (0 self)
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We build upon the previous work on the subset of permutations known as stack words and stacksortable words. We use preorder, inorder and postorder traversals of binary trees to establish multiple bijections between binary trees and these words. We show these operators satisfy a sort of multiplicative cancellation. We further expand the study of these operators by demonstrating how properties on trees are related to properties on words. 1
The Ant Colony System for the FreezeTag Problem
"... In the FreezeTag problem there is a group of n sleeping robots lying in the Cartesian plane. One awake robot can wake up another sleeping robot by physically touching it, after which the newly awakened robot can assist the first robot in waking other robots. The goal is to minimize the overall time ..."
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In the FreezeTag problem there is a group of n sleeping robots lying in the Cartesian plane. One awake robot can wake up another sleeping robot by physically touching it, after which the newly awakened robot can assist the first robot in waking other robots. The goal is to minimize the overall time needed to waken all sleeping robots in the plane. We present an Ant Algorithm approach to solving the problem that improves upon previously known results. 1.
An Essential Component in Steroid Synthesis, the Steroidogenic Acute Regulatory Protein, Is Expressed in Discrete Regions of
"... Recent data implicate locally produced steroids, termed neurosteroids, as regulators of neuronal function. Adrenal and gonadal steroidogenesis is controlled by changes in the steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR); however, little is known about the regulation of neurosteroid production. We n ..."
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Cited by 7 (0 self)
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Recent data implicate locally produced steroids, termed neurosteroids, as regulators of neuronal function. Adrenal and gonadal steroidogenesis is controlled by changes in the steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR); however, little is known about the regulation of neurosteroid production. We now demonstrate unequivocally that StAR mRNA and protein are expressed within glia and neurons in discrete regions of the mouse brain, and that glial StAR expression is inducible. Consistent with a role in de novo neurosteroidogenesis, StAR colocalizes with the cholesterol sidechain cleavage enzyme P450 scc in both mouse and human brains. These data support a role for StAR in the production of neurosteroids and identify potential sites of active de novo steroid synthesis in the brain. Key words: neurosteroid; steroidogenic acute regulatory protein; P450 scc; steroidogenesis; cholesterol sidechain cleavage enzyme; StAR The ratelimiting step in steroid biosynthesis is regulated by the steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR) (Stocco and Clark, 1996; Stocco, 2001). StAR mediates the transfer of cholesterol from the outer to the inner mitochondrial membrane, where cholesterol is then converted by cytochrome P450 scc to pregnenolone, the precursor for all steroids. The critical role of StAR is demonstrated in humans and mice by the observation that mutations in StAR result in congenital lipoid adrenal hyperplasia
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