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Introduction to redundant arrays of inexpensive disks
 Proceedings of the IEEE COMPCON
, 1989
"... Abstract Increasmg performance of CPUs and memorres wrll be squandered lf not matched by a sunrlm peformance ourease m II0 Whde the capactty of Smgle Large Expenstve D&T (SLED) has grown rapuily, the performance rmprovement of SLED has been modest Redundant Arrays of Inexpensive Disks (RAID), ba ..."
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Cited by 846 (55 self)
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Abstract Increasmg performance of CPUs and memorres wrll be squandered lf not matched by a sunrlm peformance ourease m II0 Whde the capactty of Smgle Large Expenstve D&T (SLED) has grown rapuily, the performance rmprovement of SLED has been modest Redundant Arrays of Inexpensive Disks (RAID), based on the magnetic duk technology developed for personal computers, offers an attractive alternattve IO SLED, promtang onprovements of an or&r of mogm&e m pctformance, rehabdlty, power consumption, and scalalnlrty Thu paper rntroducesfivc levels of RAIDS, grvmg rheu relative costlpetfotmance, and compares RAID to an IBM 3380 and a Fupisu Super Eagle 1 Background: Rlsrng CPU and Memory Performance The users of computers are currently enJoymg unprecedented growth m the speed of computers Gordon Bell said that between 1974 and 1984. smgle chip computers improved m performance by 40 % per year, about twice the rate of mmlcomputers [Bell 841 In the followmg year B111 Joy
An introduction to Kolmogorov Complexity and its Applications: Preface to the First Edition
, 1997
"... This document has been prepared using the L a T E X system. We thank Donald Knuth for T E X, Leslie Lamport for L a T E X, and Jan van der Steen at CWI for online help. Some figures were prepared by John Tromp using the xpic program. The London Mathematical Society kindly gave permission to reproduc ..."
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Cited by 2143 (120 self)
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This document has been prepared using the L a T E X system. We thank Donald Knuth for T E X, Leslie Lamport for L a T E X, and Jan van der Steen at CWI for online help. Some figures were prepared by John Tromp using the xpic program. The London Mathematical Society kindly gave permission to reproduce a long extract by A.M. Turing. The Indian Statistical Institute, through the editor of Sankhy¯a, kindly gave permission to quote A.N. Kolmogorov. We gratefully acknowledge the financial support by NSF Grant DCR8606366, ONR Grant N0001485k0445, ARO Grant DAAL0386K0171, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada through operating grants OGP0036747, OGP046506, and International Scientific Exchange Awards ISE0046203, ISE0125663, and NWO Grant NF 62376. The book was conceived in late Spring 1986 in the Valley of the Moon in Sonoma County, California. The actual writing lasted on and off from autumn 1987 until summer 1993. One of us [PV] gives very special thanks to his lovely wife Pauline for insisting from the outset on the significance of this enterprise. The Aiken Computation Laboratory of Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA; the Computer Science Department of York University, Ontario, Canada; the Computer Science Department of the University xii of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada; and CWI, Amsterdam, the Netherlands provided the working environments in which this book could be written. Preface to the Second Edition
ITCP: Indirect TCP for mobile hosts
, 1995
"... Abstract — IPbased solutions to accommodate mobile hosts within existing internetworks do not address the distinctive features of wireless mobile computing. IPbased transport protocols thus suffer from poor performance when a mobile host communicates with a host on the fixed network. This is cause ..."
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Cited by 607 (7 self)
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. This is caused by frequent disruptions in network layer connectivity due to — i) mobility and ii) unreliable nature of the wireless link. We describe the design and implementation of ITCP, which is an indirect transport layer protocol for mobile hosts. ITCP utilizes the resources of Mobility Support Routers
Optimization Flow Control, I: Basic Algorithm and Convergence
 IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING
, 1999
"... We propose an optimization approach to flow control where the objective is to maximize the aggregate source utility over their transmission rates. We view network links and sources as processors of a distributed computation system to solve the dual problem using gradient projection algorithm. In thi ..."
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Cited by 690 (64 self)
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We propose an optimization approach to flow control where the objective is to maximize the aggregate source utility over their transmission rates. We view network links and sources as processors of a distributed computation system to solve the dual problem using gradient projection algorithm. In this system sources select transmission rates that maximize their own benefits, utility minus bandwidth cost, and network links adjust bandwidth prices to coordinate the sources' decisions. We allow feedback delays to be different, substantial and timevarying, and links and sources to update at different times and with different frequencies. We provide asynchronous distributed algorithms and prove their convergence in a static environment. We present measurements obtained from a preliminary prototype to illustrate the convergence of the algorithm in a slowly timevarying environment.
Understanding and using the Implicit Association Test: I. An improved scoring algorithm
 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
, 2003
"... behavior relations Greenwald et al. Predictive validity of the IAT (Draft of 30 Dec 2008) 2 Abstract (131 words) This review of 122 research reports (184 independent samples, 14,900 subjects), found average r=.274 for prediction of behavioral, judgment, and physiological measures by Implic ..."
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Cited by 592 (92 self)
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by Implicit Association Test (IAT) measures. Parallel explicit (i.e., selfreport) measures, available in 156 of these samples (13,068 subjects), also predicted effectively (average r=.361), but with much greater variability of effect size. Predictive validity of selfreport was impaired for socially
Analysis of TCP Performance over Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Part I: Problem Discussion and Analysis of Results
, 1999
"... Mobile ad hoc networks have gained a lot of attention lately as a means of providing continuous network connectivity to mobile computing devices regardless of physical location. Recently, a large amount of research has focused on the routing protocols needed in such an environment. In this twopart ..."
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Cited by 511 (5 self)
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improve TCP performance. In this paper (Part I of the report), we present the problem and an analysis of our simulation results. In Part II of this report, we present the simulation and results in detail.
A Critical Point For Random Graphs With A Given Degree Sequence
, 2000
"... Given a sequence of nonnegative real numbers 0 ; 1 ; : : : which sum to 1, we consider random graphs having approximately i n vertices of degree i. Essentially, we show that if P i(i \Gamma 2) i ? 0 then such graphs almost surely have a giant component, while if P i(i \Gamma 2) i ! 0 the ..."
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Cited by 511 (8 self)
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Given a sequence of nonnegative real numbers 0 ; 1 ; : : : which sum to 1, we consider random graphs having approximately i n vertices of degree i. Essentially, we show that if P i(i \Gamma 2) i ? 0 then such graphs almost surely have a giant component, while if P i(i \Gamma 2) i ! 0
A data locality optimizing algorithm
, 1991
"... 1 Introduction As processor speed continues to increase faster than memory speed, optimizations to use the memory hierarchy efficiently become ever more important. Blocking [9] ortiling [18] is a wellknown technique that improves the data locality of numerical algorithms [1, 6, 7, 12, 13].Tiling c ..."
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Cited by 805 (16 self)
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1 Introduction As processor speed continues to increase faster than memory speed, optimizations to use the memory hierarchy efficiently become ever more important. Blocking [9] ortiling [18] is a wellknown technique that improves the data locality of numerical algorithms [1, 6, 7, 12, 13].Tiling
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