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90,505
Improving Accuracy and Cost of TwoClass and MultiClass Probabilistic Classifiers Using ROC Curves
 ICML2003
, 2003
"... The probability estimates of a naive Bayes classifier are inaccurate if some of its underlying independence assumptions are violated. The decision criterion for using these estimates for classification therefore has to be learned from the data. This ..."
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Cited by 53 (6 self)
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The probability estimates of a naive Bayes classifier are inaccurate if some of its underlying independence assumptions are violated. The decision criterion for using these estimates for classification therefore has to be learned from the data. This
The use of the area under the ROC curve in the evaluation of machine learning algorithms
 Pattern Recognition
, 1997
"... AbstractIn this paper we investigate the use of the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) as a performance measure for machine learning algorithms. As a case study we evaluate six machine learning algorithms (C4.5, Multiscale Classifier, Perceptron, Multilayer Percept ..."
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Cited by 664 (3 self)
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AbstractIn this paper we investigate the use of the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) as a performance measure for machine learning algorithms. As a case study we evaluate six machine learning algorithms (C4.5, Multiscale Classifier, Perceptron, Multi
On Reoptimizing MultiClass Classifiers âˆ—
, 2006
"... Significant changes in the instance distribution or associated cost function of a learning problem require one to reoptimize a previously learned classifier to work under new conditions. We study the problem of reoptimizing a multiclass classifier based on its ROC hypersurface and a matrix describi ..."
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Cited by 6 (0 self)
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describing the costs of each type of prediction error. For a binary classifier, it is straightforward to find an optimal operating point based on its ROC curve and the relative cost of true positive to false positive error. However, the corresponding multiclass problem (finding an optimal operating point
Mixtures of Probabilistic Principal Component Analysers
, 1998
"... Principal component analysis (PCA) is one of the most popular techniques for processing, compressing and visualising data, although its effectiveness is limited by its global linearity. While nonlinear variants of PCA have been proposed, an alternative paradigm is to capture data complexity by a com ..."
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Cited by 537 (6 self)
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maximumlikelihood framework, based on a specific form of Gaussian latent variable model. This leads to a welldefined mixture model for probabilistic principal component analysers, whose parameters can be determined using an EM algorithm. We discuss the advantages of this model in the context
Text Classification from Labeled and Unlabeled Documents using EM
 MACHINE LEARNING
, 1999
"... This paper shows that the accuracy of learned text classifiers can be improved by augmenting a small number of labeled training documents with a large pool of unlabeled documents. This is important because in many text classification problems obtaining training labels is expensive, while large qua ..."
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Cited by 1033 (19 self)
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This paper shows that the accuracy of learned text classifiers can be improved by augmenting a small number of labeled training documents with a large pool of unlabeled documents. This is important because in many text classification problems obtaining training labels is expensive, while large
ROC Graphs: Notes and Practical Considerations for Researchers
, 2004
"... Receiver Operating Characteristics (ROC) graphs are a useful technique for organizing classifiers and visualizing their performance. ROC graphs are commonly used in medical decision making, and in recent years have been increasingly adopted in the machine learning and data mining research communitie ..."
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Cited by 378 (1 self)
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Receiver Operating Characteristics (ROC) graphs are a useful technique for organizing classifiers and visualizing their performance. ROC graphs are commonly used in medical decision making, and in recent years have been increasingly adopted in the machine learning and data mining research
The Case Against Accuracy Estimation for Comparing Induction Algorithms
 In Proceedings of the Fifteenth International Conference on Machine Learning
, 1997
"... We analyze critically the use of classification accuracy to compare classifiers on natural data sets, providing a thorough investigation using ROC analysis, standard machine learning algorithms, and standard benchmark data sets. The results raise serious concerns about the use of accuracy for compar ..."
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Cited by 410 (23 self)
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We analyze critically the use of classification accuracy to compare classifiers on natural data sets, providing a thorough investigation using ROC analysis, standard machine learning algorithms, and standard benchmark data sets. The results raise serious concerns about the use of accuracy
Solving multiclass learning problems via errorcorrecting output codes
 JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE RESEARCH
, 1995
"... Multiclass learning problems involve nding a de nition for an unknown function f(x) whose range is a discrete set containing k>2values (i.e., k \classes"). The de nition is acquired by studying collections of training examples of the form hx i;f(x i)i. Existing approaches to multiclass l ..."
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Cited by 730 (8 self)
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thatlike the other methodsthe errorcorrecting code technique can provide reliable class probability estimates. Taken together, these results demonstrate that errorcorrecting output codes provide a generalpurpose method for improving the performance of inductive learning programs on multiclass
New algorithms for optimizing multiclass classifiers via ROC surfaces
 In Proceedings of the ICML 2006 Workshop on ROC Analysis in Machine Learning
, 2006
"... We study the problem of optimizing a multiclass classifier based on its ROC hypersurface and a matrix describing the costs of each type of prediction error. For a binary classifier, it is straightforward to find an optimal operating point based on its ROC curve and the relative cost of true positive ..."
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Cited by 6 (2 self)
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We study the problem of optimizing a multiclass classifier based on its ROC hypersurface and a matrix describing the costs of each type of prediction error. For a binary classifier, it is straightforward to find an optimal operating point based on its ROC curve and the relative cost of true
Feature selection based on mutual information: Criteria of maxdepe ndency, maxrelevance, and minredundancy
 IEEE Trans. Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
"... Abstractâ€”Feature selection is an important problem for pattern classification systems. We study how to select good features according to the maximal statistical dependency criterion based on mutual information. Because of the difficulty in directly implementing the maximal dependency condition, we f ..."
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Cited by 533 (7 self)
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to select a compact set of superior features at very low cost. We perform extensive experimental comparison of our algorithm and other methods using three different classifiers (naive Bayes, support vector machine, and linear discriminate analysis) and four different data sets (handwritten digits
Results 1  10
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90,505