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The Evolution of Social and Economic Networks
 JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC THEORY 106, 265–295
, 2002
"... We examine the dynamic formation and stochastic evolution of networks connecting individuals. The payoff to an individual from an economic or social activity depends on the network of connections among individuals. Over time individuals form and sever links connecting themselves to other individuals ..."
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Cited by 854 (36 self)
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individuals based on the improvement that the resulting network offers them relative to the current network. In addition to intended changes in the network there is a small probability of unintended changes or errors. Predictions can be made regarding the likelihood that the stochastic process will lead
Improving generalization with active learning
 Machine Learning
, 1994
"... Abstract. Active learning differs from "learning from examples " in that the learning algorithm assumes at least some control over what part of the input domain it receives information about. In some situations, active learning is provably more powerful than learning from examples ..."
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Cited by 539 (1 self)
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neural network. In selective sampling, a learner receives distribution information from the environment and queries an oracle on parts of the domain it considers "useful. " We test our implementation, called an SGnetwork, on three domains and observe significant improvement
Contour Tracking By Stochastic Propagation of Conditional Density
, 1996
"... . In Proc. European Conf. Computer Vision, 1996, pp. 343356, Cambridge, UK The problem of tracking curves in dense visual clutter is a challenging one. Trackers based on Kalman filters are of limited use; because they are based on Gaussian densities which are unimodal, they cannot represent s ..."
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Cited by 658 (24 self)
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simultaneous alternative hypotheses. Extensions to the Kalman filter to handle multiple data associations work satisfactorily in the simple case of point targets, but do not extend naturally to continuous curves. A new, stochastic algorithm is proposed here, the Condensation algorithm  Conditional
Application of Phylogenetic Networks in Evolutionary Studies
 SUBMITTED TO MBE 2005
, 2005
"... The evolutionary history of a set of taxa is usually represented by a phylogenetic tree, and this model has greatly facilitated the discussion and testing of hypotheses. However, it is well known that more complex evolutionary scenarios are poorly described by such models. Further, even when evoluti ..."
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Cited by 867 (15 self)
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reticulate events such as hybridization, horizontal gene transfer, recombination, or gene duplication andloss are believed to be involved, and, even in the absence of such events, phylogenetic networks have a useful role to play. This paper reviews the terminology used for phylogenetic networks and covers
Statistical mechanics of complex networks
 Rev. Mod. Phys
"... Complex networks describe a wide range of systems in nature and society, much quoted examples including the cell, a network of chemicals linked by chemical reactions, or the Internet, a network of routers and computers connected by physical links. While traditionally these systems were modeled as ra ..."
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Cited by 2083 (10 self)
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Complex networks describe a wide range of systems in nature and society, much quoted examples including the cell, a network of chemicals linked by chemical reactions, or the Internet, a network of routers and computers connected by physical links. While traditionally these systems were modeled
A Survey on Sensor Networks
, 2002
"... Recent advancement in wireless communica tions and electronics has enabled the develop ment of lowcost sensor networks. The sensor networks can be used for various application areas (e.g., health, military, home). For different application areas, there are different technical issues that research ..."
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Cited by 1905 (1 self)
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Recent advancement in wireless communica tions and electronics has enabled the develop ment of lowcost sensor networks. The sensor networks can be used for various application areas (e.g., health, military, home). For different application areas, there are different technical issues
Network information flow
 IEEE TRANS. INFORM. THEORY
, 2000
"... We introduce a new class of problems called network information flow which is inspired by computer network applications. Consider a pointtopoint communication network on which a number of information sources are to be mulitcast to certain sets of destinations. We assume that the information source ..."
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Cited by 1961 (24 self)
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We introduce a new class of problems called network information flow which is inspired by computer network applications. Consider a pointtopoint communication network on which a number of information sources are to be mulitcast to certain sets of destinations. We assume that the information
A Threshold of ln n for Approximating Set Cover
 JOURNAL OF THE ACM
, 1998
"... Given a collection F of subsets of S = f1; : : : ; ng, set cover is the problem of selecting as few as possible subsets from F such that their union covers S, and max kcover is the problem of selecting k subsets from F such that their union has maximum cardinality. Both these problems are NPhar ..."
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Cited by 778 (5 self)
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hard. We prove that (1 \Gamma o(1)) ln n is a threshold below which set cover cannot be approximated efficiently, unless NP has slightly superpolynomial time algorithms. This closes the gap (up to low order terms) between the ratio of approximation achievable by the greedy algorithm (which is (1 \Gamma
Mining the Network Value of Customers
 In Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining
, 2002
"... One of the major applications of data mining is in helping companies determine which potential customers to market to. If the expected pro t from a customer is greater than the cost of marketing to her, the marketing action for that customer is executed. So far, work in this area has considered only ..."
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Cited by 562 (11 self)
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only the intrinsic value of the customer (i.e, the expected pro t from sales to her). We propose to model also the customer's network value: the expected pro t from sales to other customers she may inuence to buy, the customers those may inuence, and so on recursively. Instead of viewing a market
Bayesian Network Classifiers
, 1997
"... Recent work in supervised learning has shown that a surprisingly simple Bayesian classifier with strong assumptions of independence among features, called naive Bayes, is competitive with stateoftheart classifiers such as C4.5. This fact raises the question of whether a classifier with less restr ..."
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Cited by 788 (23 self)
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restrictive assumptions can perform even better. In this paper we evaluate approaches for inducing classifiers from data, based on the theory of learning Bayesian networks. These networks are factored representations of probability distributions that generalize the naive Bayesian classifier and explicitly
Results 11  20
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