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423,773
Ontology Development 101: A Guide to Creating Your First Ontology
, 2001
"... In recent years the development of ontologies—explicit formal specifications of the terms in the domain and relations among them (Gruber 1993)—has been moving from the realm of ArtificialIntelligence laboratories to the desktops of domain experts. Ontologies have become common on the WorldWide Web ..."
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Cited by 806 (5 self)
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Wide Web. The ontologies on the Web range from large taxonomies categorizing Web sites (such as on Yahoo!) to categorizations of products for sale and their features (such as on Amazon.com). The WWW Consortium (W3C) is developing the Resource Description Framework (Brickley and Guha 1999), a language
The particel swarm: Explosion, stability, and convergence in a multidimensional complex space
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON EVOLUTIONARY COMPUTION
"... The particle swarm is an algorithm for finding optimal regions of complex search spaces through interaction of individuals in a population of particles. Though the algorithm, which is based on a metaphor of social interaction, has been shown to perform well, researchers have not adequately explained ..."
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Cited by 822 (10 self)
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The particle swarm is an algorithm for finding optimal regions of complex search spaces through interaction of individuals in a population of particles. Though the algorithm, which is based on a metaphor of social interaction, has been shown to perform well, researchers have not adequately explained how it works. Further, traditional versions of the algorithm have had some dynamical properties that were not considered to be desirable, notably the particles’ velocities needed to be limited in order to control their trajectories. The present paper analyzes the particle’s trajectory as it moves in discrete time (the algebraic view), then progresses to the view of it in continuous time (the analytical view). A 5dimensional depiction is developed, which completely describes the system. These analyses lead to a generalized model of the algorithm, containing a set of coefficients to control the system’s convergence tendencies. Some results of the particle swarm optimizer, implementing modifications derived from the analysis, suggest methods for altering the original algorithm in ways that eliminate problems and increase the optimization power of the particle swarm
Lag length selection and the construction of unit root tests with good size and power
 Econometrica
, 2001
"... It is widely known that when there are errors with a movingaverage root close to −1, a high order augmented autoregression is necessary for unit root tests to have good size, but that information criteria such as the AIC and the BIC tend to select a truncation lag (k) that is very small. We conside ..."
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Cited by 534 (14 self)
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It is widely known that when there are errors with a movingaverage root close to −1, a high order augmented autoregression is necessary for unit root tests to have good size, but that information criteria such as the AIC and the BIC tend to select a truncation lag (k) that is very small. We consider a class of Modified Information Criteria (MIC) with a penalty factor that is sample dependent. It takes into account the fact that the bias in the sum of the autoregressive coefficients is highly dependent on k and adapts to the type of deterministic components present. We use a local asymptotic framework in which the movingaverage root is local to −1 to document how the MIC performs better in selecting appropriate values of k. In montecarlo experiments, the MIC is found to yield huge size improvements to the DF GLS and the feasible point optimal PT test developed in Elliott, Rothenberg and Stock (1996). We also extend the M tests developed in Perron and Ng (1996) to allow for GLS detrending of the data. The MIC along with GLS detrended data yield a set of tests with desirable size and power properties.
The Role of Shocks and Institutions in the Rise of European Unemployment: The Aggregate Evidence
, 1999
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A Critical Point For Random Graphs With A Given Degree Sequence
, 2000
"... Given a sequence of nonnegative real numbers 0 ; 1 ; : : : which sum to 1, we consider random graphs having approximately i n vertices of degree i. Essentially, we show that if P i(i \Gamma 2) i ? 0 then such graphs almost surely have a giant component, while if P i(i \Gamma 2) i ! 0 the ..."
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Cited by 511 (8 self)
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Given a sequence of nonnegative real numbers 0 ; 1 ; : : : which sum to 1, we consider random graphs having approximately i n vertices of degree i. Essentially, we show that if P i(i \Gamma 2) i ? 0 then such graphs almost surely have a giant component, while if P i(i \Gamma 2) i ! 0
Dynamic conditional correlation: A simple class of multivariate generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity models
 Journal of Business and Economic Statistics
, 2002
"... Time varying correlations are often estimated with Multivariate Garch models that are linear in squares and cross products of the data. A new class of multivariate models called dynamic conditional correlation (DCC) models is proposed. These have the flexibility of univariate GARCH models coupled wi ..."
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Cited by 684 (17 self)
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Time varying correlations are often estimated with Multivariate Garch models that are linear in squares and cross products of the data. A new class of multivariate models called dynamic conditional correlation (DCC) models is proposed. These have the flexibility of univariate GARCH models coupled with parsimonious parametric models for the correlations. They are not linear but can often be estimated very simply with univariate or two step methods based on the likelihood function. It is shown that they perform well in a variety of situations and provide sensible empirical results.
Detection of Abrupt Changes: Theory and Application
 HTTP://PEOPLE.IRISA.FR/MICHELE.BASSEVILLE/KNIGA/
, 1993
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Financial Intermediation and Growth: Causality and Causes
 JOURNAL OF MONETARY ECONOMICS
, 2000
"... This paper evaluates (1) whether the exogenous component of financial intermediary development influences economic growth and (2) whether crosscountry differences in legal and accounting systems (e.g., creditor rights, contract enforcement, and accounting standards) explain differences in the level ..."
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Cited by 788 (71 self)
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This paper evaluates (1) whether the exogenous component of financial intermediary development influences economic growth and (2) whether crosscountry differences in legal and accounting systems (e.g., creditor rights, contract enforcement, and accounting standards) explain differences
Global Optimization with Polynomials and the Problem of Moments
 SIAM Journal on Optimization
, 2001
"... We consider the problem of finding the unconstrained global minimum of a realvalued polynomial p(x) : R R, as well as the global minimum of p(x), in a compact set K defined by polynomial inequalities. It is shown that this problem reduces to solving an (often finite) sequence of convex linear mat ..."
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Cited by 569 (47 self)
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matrix inequality (LMI) problems. A notion of KarushKuhnTucker polynomials is introduced in a global optimality condition. Some illustrative examples are provided. Key words. global optimization, theory of moments and positive polynomials, semidefinite programming AMS subject classifications. 90C22
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