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76,581
A Learning Algorithm for Continually Running Fully Recurrent Neural Networks
, 1989
"... The exact form of a gradientfollowing learning algorithm for completely recurrent networks running in continually sampled time is derived and used as the basis for practical algorithms for temporal supervised learning tasks. These algorithms have: (1) the advantage that they do not require a precis ..."
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Cited by 529 (4 self)
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the retention of information over time periods having either fixed or indefinite length. 1 Introduction A major problem in connectionist theory is to develop learning algorithms that can tap the full computational power of neural networks. Much progress has been made with feedforward networks, and attention
Evolving Neural Networks through Augmenting Topologies
 Evolutionary Computation
"... An important question in neuroevolution is how to gain an advantage from evolving neural network topologies along with weights. We present a method, NeuroEvolution of Augmenting Topologies (NEAT), which outperforms the best fixedtopology method on a challenging benchmark reinforcement learning task ..."
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Cited by 524 (113 self)
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An important question in neuroevolution is how to gain an advantage from evolving neural network topologies along with weights. We present a method, NeuroEvolution of Augmenting Topologies (NEAT), which outperforms the best fixedtopology method on a challenging benchmark reinforcement learning
Optimal Unsupervised Learning in a SingleLayer Linear Feedforward Neural Network
, 1989
"... A new approach to unsupervised learning in a singlelayer linear feedforward neural network is discussed. An optimality principle is proposed which is based upon preserving maximal information in the output units. An algorithm for unsupervised learning based upon a Hebbian learning rule, which achie ..."
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Cited by 290 (2 self)
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A new approach to unsupervised learning in a singlelayer linear feedforward neural network is discussed. An optimality principle is proposed which is based upon preserving maximal information in the output units. An algorithm for unsupervised learning based upon a Hebbian learning rule, which
Planning Algorithms
, 2004
"... This book presents a unified treatment of many different kinds of planning algorithms. The subject lies at the crossroads between robotics, control theory, artificial intelligence, algorithms, and computer graphics. The particular subjects covered include motion planning, discrete planning, planning ..."
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Cited by 1108 (51 self)
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This book presents a unified treatment of many different kinds of planning algorithms. The subject lies at the crossroads between robotics, control theory, artificial intelligence, algorithms, and computer graphics. The particular subjects covered include motion planning, discrete planning
Representing Moving Images with Layers
, 1994
"... We describe a system for representing moving images with sets of overlapping layers. Each layer contains an intensity map that defines the additive values of each pixel, along with an alpha map that serves as a mask indicating the transparency. The layers are ordered in depth and they occlude each o ..."
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Cited by 542 (11 self)
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We describe a system for representing moving images with sets of overlapping layers. Each layer contains an intensity map that defines the additive values of each pixel, along with an alpha map that serves as a mask indicating the transparency. The layers are ordered in depth and they occlude each
A Practical Bayesian Framework for Backprop Networks
 Neural Computation
, 1991
"... A quantitative and practical Bayesian framework is described for learning of mappings in feedforward networks. The framework makes possible: (1) objective comparisons between solutions using alternative network architectures ..."
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Cited by 496 (20 self)
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A quantitative and practical Bayesian framework is described for learning of mappings in feedforward networks. The framework makes possible: (1) objective comparisons between solutions using alternative network architectures
A Direct Adaptive Method for Faster Backpropagation Learning: The RPROP Algorithm
 IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON NEURAL NETWORKS
, 1993
"... A new learning algorithm for multilayer feedforward networks, RPROP, is proposed. To overcome the inherent disadvantages of pure gradientdescent, RPROP performs a local adaptation of the weightupdates according to the behaviour of the errorfunction. In substantial difference to other adaptive tech ..."
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Cited by 917 (34 self)
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A new learning algorithm for multilayer feedforward networks, RPROP, is proposed. To overcome the inherent disadvantages of pure gradientdescent, RPROP performs a local adaptation of the weightupdates according to the behaviour of the errorfunction. In substantial difference to other adaptive
Factor Graphs and the SumProduct Algorithm
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY
, 1998
"... A factor graph is a bipartite graph that expresses how a "global" function of many variables factors into a product of "local" functions. Factor graphs subsume many other graphical models including Bayesian networks, Markov random fields, and Tanner graphs. Following one simple c ..."
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Cited by 1787 (72 self)
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be derived as specific instances of the sumproduct algorithm, including the forward/backward algorithm, the Viterbi algorithm, the iterative "turbo" decoding algorithm, Pearl's belief propagation algorithm for Bayesian networks, the Kalman filter, and certain fast Fourier transform algorithms.
Parallel Networks that Learn to Pronounce English Text
 COMPLEX SYSTEMS
, 1987
"... This paper describes NETtalk, a class of massivelyparallel network systems that learn to convert English text to speech. The memory representations for pronunciations are learned by practice and are shared among many processing units. The performance of NETtalk has some similarities with observed h ..."
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Cited by 548 (5 self)
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human performance. (i) The learning follows a power law. (;i) The more words the network learns, the better it is at generalizing and correctly pronouncing new words, (iii) The performance of the network degrades very slowly as connections in the network are damaged: no single link or processing unit
An Efficient Boosting Algorithm for Combining Preferences
, 1999
"... The problem of combining preferences arises in several applications, such as combining the results of different search engines. This work describes an efficient algorithm for combining multiple preferences. We first give a formal framework for the problem. We then describe and analyze a new boosting ..."
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Cited by 707 (18 self)
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The problem of combining preferences arises in several applications, such as combining the results of different search engines. This work describes an efficient algorithm for combining multiple preferences. We first give a formal framework for the problem. We then describe and analyze a new
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