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Fusion, Propagation, and Structuring in Belief Networks
 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
, 1986
"... Belief networks are directed acyclic graphs in which the nodes represent propositions (or variables), the arcs signify direct dependencies between the linked propositions, and the strengths of these dependencies are quantified by conditional probabilities. A network of this sort can be used to repre ..."
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Cited by 482 (8 self)
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Belief networks are directed acyclic graphs in which the nodes represent propositions (or variables), the arcs signify direct dependencies between the linked propositions, and the strengths of these dependencies are quantified by conditional probabilities. A network of this sort can be used to represent the generic knowledge of a domain expert, and it turns into a computational architecture if the links are used not merely for storing factual knowledge but also for directing and activating the data flow in the computations which manipulate this knowledge. The first part of the paper deals with the task of fusing and propagating the impacts of new information through the networks in such a way that, when equilibrium is reached, each proposition will be assigned a measure of belief consistent with the axioms of probability theory. It is shown that if the network is singly connected (e.g. treestructured), then probabilities can be updated by local propagation in an isomorphic network of parallel and autonomous processors and that the impact of new information can be imparted to all propositions in time proportional to the longest path in the network. The second part of the paper deals with the problem of finding a treestructured representation for a collection of probabilistically coupled propositions using auxiliary (dummy) variables, colloquially called "hidden causes. " It is shown that if such a treestructured representation exists, then it is possible to uniquely uncover the topology of the tree by observing pairwise dependencies among the available propositions (i.e., the leaves of the tree). The entire tree structure, including the strengths of all internal relationships, can be reconstructed in time proportional to n log n, where n is the number of leaves.
Hybrid Automata: An Algorithmic Approach to the Specification and Verification of Hybrid Systems
, 1992
"... We introduce the framework of hybrid automata as a model and specification language for hybrid systems. Hybrid automata can be viewed as a generalization of timed automata, in which the behavior of variables is governed in each state by a set of differential equations. We show that many of the examp ..."
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Cited by 460 (20 self)
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We introduce the framework of hybrid automata as a model and specification language for hybrid systems. Hybrid automata can be viewed as a generalization of timed automata, in which the behavior of variables is governed in each state by a set of differential equations. We show that many
Visual interpretation of hand gestures for humancomputer interaction: A review
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PATTERN ANALYSIS AND MACHINE INTELLIGENCE
, 1997
"... The use of hand gestures provides an attractive alternative to cumbersome interface devices for humancomputer interaction (HCI). In particular, visual interpretation of hand gestures can help in achieving the ease and naturalness desired for HCI. This has motivated a very active research area conc ..."
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Cited by 478 (18 self)
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concerned with computer visionbased analysis and interpretation of hand gestures. We survey the literature on visual interpretation of hand gestures in the context of its role in HCI. This discussion is organized on the basis of the method used for modeling, analyzing, and recognizing gestures. Important
The Unix TimeSharing System
 Communications of the ACM
, 1974
"... Unix is a generalpurpose, multiuser, interactive operating system for the larger Digital Equipment Corporation PDP11 and the Interdata 8/32 computers. It offers a number of features seldom found even in larger operating systems, including i A hierarchical file system incorporating demountable vol ..."
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Cited by 536 (14 self)
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Unix is a generalpurpose, multiuser, interactive operating system for the larger Digital Equipment Corporation PDP11 and the Interdata 8/32 computers. It offers a number of features seldom found even in larger operating systems, including i A hierarchical file system incorporating demountable
On agentbased software engineering
 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
, 2000
"... Agentoriented techniques represent an exciting new means of analysing, designing and building complex software systems. They have the potential to significantly improve current practice in software engineering and to extend the range of applications that can feasibly be tackled. Yet, to date, there ..."
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Cited by 627 (25 self)
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Agentoriented techniques represent an exciting new means of analysing, designing and building complex software systems. They have the potential to significantly improve current practice in software engineering and to extend the range of applications that can feasibly be tackled. Yet, to date
Symbolic Model Checking for Realtime Systems
 INFORMATION AND COMPUTATION
, 1992
"... We describe finitestate programs over realnumbered time in a guardedcommand language with realvalued clocks or, equivalently, as finite automata with realvalued clocks. Model checking answers the question which states of a realtime program satisfy a branchingtime specification (given in an ..."
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Cited by 574 (50 self)
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not impair the symbolic verification of "implementable" realtime programsthose whose safety...
BoosTexter: A Boostingbased System for Text Categorization
"... This work focuses on algorithms which learn from examples to perform multiclass text and speech categorization tasks. Our approach is based on a new and improved family of boosting algorithms. We describe in detail an implementation, called BoosTexter, of the new boosting algorithms for text catego ..."
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Cited by 658 (20 self)
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This work focuses on algorithms which learn from examples to perform multiclass text and speech categorization tasks. Our approach is based on a new and improved family of boosting algorithms. We describe in detail an implementation, called BoosTexter, of the new boosting algorithms for text
SIS: A System for Sequential Circuit Synthesis
, 1992
"... SIS is an interactive tool for synthesis and optimization of sequential circuits. Given a state transition table, a signal transition graph, or a logiclevel description of a sequential circuit, it produces an optimized netlist in the target technology while preserving the sequential inputoutput b ..."
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Cited by 514 (41 self)
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, new logic optimization and verification algorithms, ASTG (asynchronous signal transition graph) manipulation, and synthesis for PGA’s (programmable gate arrays). The second part contains a tutorial example illustrating the design process using SIS.
The Google File System
 ACM SIGOPS Operating Systems Review
"... We have designed and implemented the Google File System, a scalable distributed file system for large distributed dataintensive applications. It provides fault tolerance while running on inexpensive commodity hardware, and it delivers high aggregate performance to a large number of clients. While ..."
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Cited by 1470 (2 self)
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We have designed and implemented the Google File System, a scalable distributed file system for large distributed dataintensive applications. It provides fault tolerance while running on inexpensive commodity hardware, and it delivers high aggregate performance to a large number of clients. While
LanguageBased InformationFlow Security
 IEEE JOURNAL ON SELECTED AREAS IN COMMUNICATIONS
, 2003
"... Current standard security practices do not provide substantial assurance that the endtoend behavior of a computing system satisfies important security policies such as confidentiality. An endtoend confidentiality policy might assert that secret input data cannot be inferred by an attacker throug ..."
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Cited by 821 (57 self)
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Current standard security practices do not provide substantial assurance that the endtoend behavior of a computing system satisfies important security policies such as confidentiality. An endtoend confidentiality policy might assert that secret input data cannot be inferred by an attacker
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