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Goal Generation with Ordered Beliefs
"... Abstract. A rational agent adopts (or changes) its desires/goals when new information becomes available or its “desires ” (e.g., tasks it is supposed to carry out) change. In conventional approaches on goal generation a desire is adopted if and only if all conditions leading to its generation are sa ..."
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are satisfied. The fact that certain beliefs might be differently relevant in the process of desire/goal generation is not considered. As a matter of fact, a belief could be crucial for adopting a given goal but less crucial for adopting another goal. Besides, a belief could be more influent than another
Goaldirected Requirements Acquisition
 SCIENCE OF COMPUTER PROGRAMMING
, 1993
"... Requirements analysis includes a preliminary acquisition step where a global model for the specification of the system and its environment is elaborated. This model, called requirements model, involves concepts that are currently not supported by existing formal specification languages, such as goal ..."
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Cited by 572 (17 self)
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, such as goals to be achieved, agents to be assigned, alternatives to be negotiated, etc. The paper presents an approach to requirements acquisition which is driven by such higherlevel concepts. Requirements models are acquired as instances of a conceptual metamodel. The latter can be represented as a graph
Loopy Belief Propagation for Approximate Inference: An Empirical Study
 In Proceedings of Uncertainty in AI
, 1999
"... Recently, researchers have demonstrated that "loopy belief propagation"  the use of Pearl's polytree algorithm in a Bayesian network with loops  can perform well in the context of errorcorrecting codes. The most dramatic instance of this is the near Shannonlimit performa ..."
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Cited by 680 (18 self)
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Recently, researchers have demonstrated that "loopy belief propagation"  the use of Pearl's polytree algorithm in a Bayesian network with loops  can perform well in the context of errorcorrecting codes. The most dramatic instance of this is the near Shannon
Fusion, Propagation, and Structuring in Belief Networks
 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
, 1986
"... Belief networks are directed acyclic graphs in which the nodes represent propositions (or variables), the arcs signify direct dependencies between the linked propositions, and the strengths of these dependencies are quantified by conditional probabilities. A network of this sort can be used to repre ..."
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Cited by 482 (8 self)
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Belief networks are directed acyclic graphs in which the nodes represent propositions (or variables), the arcs signify direct dependencies between the linked propositions, and the strengths of these dependencies are quantified by conditional probabilities. A network of this sort can be used
The Transferable Belief Model
 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
, 1994
"... We describe the transferable belief model, a model for representing quantified beliefs based on belief functions. Beliefs can be held at two levels: (1) a credal level where beliefs are entertained and quantified by belief functions, (2) a pignistic level where beliefs can be used to make decisions ..."
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Cited by 486 (15 self)
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and are quantified by probability functions. The relation between the belief function and the probability function when decisions must be made is derived and justified. Four paradigms are analyzed in order to compare Bayesian, upper and lower probability, and the transferable belief approaches.
Constructing Free Energy Approximations and Generalized Belief Propagation Algorithms
 IEEE Transactions on Information Theory
, 2005
"... Important inference problems in statistical physics, computer vision, errorcorrecting coding theory, and artificial intelligence can all be reformulated as the computation of marginal probabilities on factor graphs. The belief propagation (BP) algorithm is an efficient way to solve these problems t ..."
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Cited by 586 (13 self)
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the Bethe approximation, and corresponding generalized belief propagation (GBP) algorithms. We emphasize the conditions a free energy approximation must satisfy in order to be a “valid ” or “maxentnormal ” approximation. We describe the relationship between four different methods that can be used
UCPOP: A Sound, Complete, Partial Order Planner for ADL
, 1992
"... We describe the ucpop partial order planning algorithm which handles a subset of Pednault's ADL action representation. In particular, ucpop operates with actions that have conditional effects, universally quantified preconditions and effects, and with universally quantified goals. We prove ucpo ..."
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Cited by 491 (24 self)
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We describe the ucpop partial order planning algorithm which handles a subset of Pednault's ADL action representation. In particular, ucpop operates with actions that have conditional effects, universally quantified preconditions and effects, and with universally quantified goals. We prove
Exploiting Generative Models in Discriminative Classifiers
 In Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 11
, 1998
"... Generative probability models such as hidden Markov models provide a principled way of treating missing information and dealing with variable length sequences. On the other hand, discriminative methods such as support vector machines enable us to construct flexible decision boundaries and often resu ..."
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Cited by 538 (11 self)
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Generative probability models such as hidden Markov models provide a principled way of treating missing information and dealing with variable length sequences. On the other hand, discriminative methods such as support vector machines enable us to construct flexible decision boundaries and often
OPTICS: Ordering Points To Identify the Clustering Structure
, 1999
"... Cluster analysis is a primary method for database mining. It is either used as a standalone tool to get insight into the distribution of a data set, e.g. to focus further analysis and data processing, or as a preprocessing step for other algorithms operating on the detected clusters. Almost all of ..."
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Cited by 511 (49 self)
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the intrinsic clustering structure accurately. We introduce a new algorithm for the purpose of cluster analysis which does not produce a clustering of a data set explicitly; but instead creates an augmented ordering of the database representing its densitybased clustering structure. This clusterordering
On Discriminative vs. Generative classifiers: A comparison of logistic regression and naive Bayes
, 2001
"... We compare discriminative and generative learning as typified by logistic regression and naive Bayes. We show, contrary to a widely held belief that discriminative classifiers are almost always to be preferred, that there can often be two distinct regimes of performance as the training set size is i ..."
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Cited by 513 (8 self)
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We compare discriminative and generative learning as typified by logistic regression and naive Bayes. We show, contrary to a widely held belief that discriminative classifiers are almost always to be preferred, that there can often be two distinct regimes of performance as the training set size
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