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242,708
Fusion, Propagation, and Structuring in Belief Networks
 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
, 1986
"... Belief networks are directed acyclic graphs in which the nodes represent propositions (or variables), the arcs signify direct dependencies between the linked propositions, and the strengths of these dependencies are quantified by conditional probabilities. A network of this sort can be used to repre ..."
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Cited by 482 (8 self)
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Belief networks are directed acyclic graphs in which the nodes represent propositions (or variables), the arcs signify direct dependencies between the linked propositions, and the strengths of these dependencies are quantified by conditional probabilities. A network of this sort can be used to represent the generic knowledge of a domain expert, and it turns into a computational architecture if the links are used not merely for storing factual knowledge but also for directing and activating the data flow in the computations which manipulate this knowledge. The first part of the paper deals with the task of fusing and propagating the impacts of new information through the networks in such a way that, when equilibrium is reached, each proposition will be assigned a measure of belief consistent with the axioms of probability theory. It is shown that if the network is singly connected (e.g. treestructured), then probabilities can be updated by local propagation in an isomorphic network of parallel and autonomous processors and that the impact of new information can be imparted to all propositions in time proportional to the longest path in the network. The second part of the paper deals with the problem of finding a treestructured representation for a collection of probabilistically coupled propositions using auxiliary (dummy) variables, colloquially called "hidden causes. " It is shown that if such a treestructured representation exists, then it is possible to uniquely uncover the topology of the tree by observing pairwise dependencies among the available propositions (i.e., the leaves of the tree). The entire tree structure, including the strengths of all internal relationships, can be reconstructed in time proportional to n log n, where n is the number of leaves.
DecisionTheoretic Planning: Structural Assumptions and Computational Leverage
 JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE RESEARCH
, 1999
"... Planning under uncertainty is a central problem in the study of automated sequential decision making, and has been addressed by researchers in many different fields, including AI planning, decision analysis, operations research, control theory and economics. While the assumptions and perspectives ..."
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Cited by 510 (4 self)
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Planning under uncertainty is a central problem in the study of automated sequential decision making, and has been addressed by researchers in many different fields, including AI planning, decision analysis, operations research, control theory and economics. While the assumptions
Planning Algorithms
, 2004
"... This book presents a unified treatment of many different kinds of planning algorithms. The subject lies at the crossroads between robotics, control theory, artificial intelligence, algorithms, and computer graphics. The particular subjects covered include motion planning, discrete planning, planning ..."
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Cited by 1108 (51 self)
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, planning under uncertainty, sensorbased planning, visibility, decisiontheoretic planning, game theory, information spaces, reinforcement learning, nonlinear systems, trajectory planning, nonholonomic planning, and kinodynamic planning.
High confidence visual recognition of persons by a test of statistical independence
 IEEE Trans. on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
, 1993
"... Abstruct A method for rapid visual recognition of personal identity is described, based on the failure of a statistical test of independence. The most unique phenotypic feature visible in a person’s face is the detailed texture of each eye’s iris: An estimate of its statistical complexity in a samp ..."
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Cited by 596 (8 self)
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, whose mostsignificant bits comprise a 256byte “iris code. ” Statistical decision theory generates identification decisions from ExclusiveOR comparisons of complete iris codes at the rate of 4000 per second, including calculation of decision confidence levels. The distributions observed empirically
Symbolic Model Checking for Realtime Systems
 INFORMATION AND COMPUTATION
, 1992
"... We describe finitestate programs over realnumbered time in a guardedcommand language with realvalued clocks or, equivalently, as finite automata with realvalued clocks. Model checking answers the question which states of a realtime program satisfy a branchingtime specification (given in an ..."
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Cited by 574 (50 self)
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not impair the symbolic verification of "implementable" realtime programsthose whose safety...
The Application of Petri Nets to Workflow Management
, 1998
"... Workflow management promises a new solution to an ageold problem: controlling, monitoring, optimizing and supporting business processes. What is new about workflow management is the explicit representation of the business process logic which allows for computerized support. This paper discusses the ..."
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Cited by 522 (61 self)
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techniques which can be used to verify the correctness of workflow procedures. This paper introduces workflow management as an application domain for Petri nets, presents stateoftheart results with respect to the verification of workflows, and highlights some Petrinetbased workflow tools.
Insiders and Outsiders: The Choice between Informed and Arm'sLength Debt
, 1991
"... While the benefits of bank financing are relatively well understood, the costs are not. This paper argues that while informed banks make flexible financial decisions which prevent a firm's projects from going awry, the cost of this credit is that banks have bargaining power over the firm's ..."
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Cited by 846 (18 self)
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While the benefits of bank financing are relatively well understood, the costs are not. This paper argues that while informed banks make flexible financial decisions which prevent a firm's projects from going awry, the cost of this credit is that banks have bargaining power over the firm
Mediators in the architecture of future information systems
 IEEE COMPUTER
, 1992
"... The installation of highspeed networks using optical fiber and high bandwidth messsage forwarding gateways is changing the physical capabilities of information systems. These capabilities must be complemented with corresponding software systems advances to obtain a real benefit. Without smart softw ..."
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Cited by 1128 (20 self)
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software we will gain access to more data, but not improve access to the type and quality of information needed for decision making. To develop the concepts needed for future information systems we model information processing as an interaction of data and knowledge. This model provides criteria for a high
SIS: A System for Sequential Circuit Synthesis
, 1992
"... SIS is an interactive tool for synthesis and optimization of sequential circuits. Given a state transition table, a signal transition graph, or a logiclevel description of a sequential circuit, it produces an optimized netlist in the target technology while preserving the sequential inputoutput b ..."
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Cited by 514 (41 self)
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, new logic optimization and verification algorithms, ASTG (asynchronous signal transition graph) manipulation, and synthesis for PGA’s (programmable gate arrays). The second part contains a tutorial example illustrating the design process using SIS.
How Iris Recognition Works
, 2003
"... Algorithms developed by the author for recognizing persons by their iris patterns have now been tested in six field and laboratory trials, producing no false matches in several million comparison tests. The recognition principle is the failure of a test of statistical independence on iris phase st ..."
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Cited by 495 (4 self)
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structure encoded by multiscale quadrature wavelets. The combinatorial complexity of this phase information across different persons spans about 244 degrees of freedom and generates a discrimination entropy of about 3.2 bits/mm over the iris, enabling realtime decisions about personal identity
Results 1  10
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242,708