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Quantum Algorithms for Finding Extrema with Unary Predicates
, 2007
"... We study the problem of finding the maximum or the minimum of a given set S = {x0, x1,... xn−1}, each element xi drawn from some finite universe U of real numbers. We assume that the inputs are abstracted within an oracle O where we can only gain information through unary comparisons in the form ”Is ..."
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variants of the Grover’s search [1, 2] algorithm and the optimal classical unary extrema finding algorithm, we have derived a series of new quantum algorithms, some running in time as fast as O ( √ nlg ∗ n+lg U ). This shows that quantum computers can accelerate the speed in the unary comparison model
Symbolic Model Checking for Realtime Systems
 INFORMATION AND COMPUTATION
, 1992
"... We describe finitestate programs over realnumbered time in a guardedcommand language with realvalued clocks or, equivalently, as finite automata with realvalued clocks. Model checking answers the question which states of a realtime program satisfy a branchingtime specification (given in an ..."
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Cited by 574 (50 self)
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in an extension of CTL with clock variables). We develop an algorithm that computes this set of states symbolically as a fixpoint of a functional on state predicates, without constructing the state space. For this purpose, we introduce a calculus on computation trees over realnumbered time. Unfortunately
Logical foundations of objectoriented and framebased languages
 JOURNAL OF THE ACM
, 1995
"... We propose a novel formalism, called Frame Logic (abbr., Flogic), that accounts in a clean and declarative fashion for most of the structural aspects of objectoriented and framebased languages. These features include object identity, complex objects, inheritance, polymorphic types, query methods, ..."
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Cited by 880 (64 self)
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, encapsulation, and others. In a sense, Flogic stands in the same relationship to the objectoriented paradigm as classical predicate calculus stands to relational programming. Flogic has a modeltheoretic semantics and a sound and complete resolutionbased proof theory. A small number of fundamental concepts
A translation approach to portable ontology specifications
 KNOWLEDGE ACQUISITION
, 1993
"... To support the sharing and reuse of formally represented knowledge among AI systems, it is useful to define the common vocabulary in which shared knowledge is represented. A specification of a representational vocabulary for a shared domain of discourse — definitions of classes, relations, functions ..."
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Cited by 3282 (9 self)
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, functions, and other objects — is called an ontology. This paper describes a mechanism for defining ontologies that are portable over representation systems. Definitions written in a standard format for predicate calculus are translated by a system called Ontolingua into specialized representations
Accurate Unlexicalized Parsing
 IN PROCEEDINGS OF THE 41ST ANNUAL MEETING OF THE ASSOCIATION FOR COMPUTATIONAL LINGUISTICS
, 2003
"... We demonstrate that an unlexicalized PCFG can parse much more accurately than previously shown, by making use of simple, linguistically motivated state splits, which break down false independence assumptions latent in a vanilla treebank grammar. Indeed, its ..."
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Cited by 1026 (70 self)
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We demonstrate that an unlexicalized PCFG can parse much more accurately than previously shown, by making use of simple, linguistically motivated state splits, which break down false independence assumptions latent in a vanilla treebank grammar. Indeed, its
The StructureMapping Engine: Algorithm and Examples
 Artificial Intelligence
, 1989
"... This paper describes the StructureMapping Engine (SME), a program for studying analogical processing. SME has been built to explore Gentner's Structuremapping theory of analogy, and provides a "tool kit" for constructing matching algorithms consistent with this theory. Its flexibili ..."
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Cited by 512 (115 self)
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This paper describes the StructureMapping Engine (SME), a program for studying analogical processing. SME has been built to explore Gentner's Structuremapping theory of analogy, and provides a "tool kit" for constructing matching algorithms consistent with this theory. Its flexibility enhances cognitive simulation studies by simplifying experimentation. Furthermore, SME is very efficient, making it a useful component in machine learning systems as well. We review the Structuremapping theory and describe the design of the engine. We analyze the complexity of the algorithm, and demonstrate that most of the steps are polynomial, typically bounded by O (N 2 ). Next we demonstrate some examples of its operation taken from our cognitive simulation studies and work in machine learning. Finally, we compare SME to other analogy programs and discuss several areas for future work. This paper appeared in Artificial Intelligence, 41, 1989, pp 163. For more information, please contact forbu...
Three Generative, Lexicalised Models for Statistical Parsing
, 1997
"... In this paper we first propose a new statistical parsing model, which is a generative model of lexicalised contextfree gram mar. We then extend the model to in clude a probabilistic treatment of both subcategorisation and wh~movement. Results on Wall Street Journal text show that the parse ..."
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Cited by 567 (8 self)
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In this paper we first propose a new statistical parsing model, which is a generative model of lexicalised contextfree gram mar. We then extend the model to in clude a probabilistic treatment of both subcategorisation and wh~movement. Results on Wall Street Journal text show that the parser performs at 88.1/87.5% constituent precision/recall, an average improvement of 2.3% over (Collins 96).
Ontologies: Silver Bullet for Knowledge Management and Electronic Commerce
, 2007
"... Currently computers are changing from single isolated devices to entry points into a world wide network of information exchange and business transactions called the World Wide Web (WWW). Therefore support in the exchange of data, information, and knowledge exchange is becoming the key issue in cur ..."
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Cited by 643 (46 self)
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Currently computers are changing from single isolated devices to entry points into a world wide network of information exchange and business transactions called the World Wide Web (WWW). Therefore support in the exchange of data, information, and knowledge exchange is becoming the key issue in current computer technology. Ontologies provide a shared and common understanding of a domain that can be communicated between people and application systems. Therefore, they may play a major role in supporting information exchange processes in various areas. This book discusses the role ontologies will play in knowledge management and in electronic commerce. In addition, I show how arising web standards such as RDF and XML can be used as
Computational LambdaCalculus and Monads
, 1988
"... The calculus is considered an useful mathematical tool in the study of programming languages, since programs can be identified with terms. However, if one goes further and uses fijconversion to prove equivalence of programs, then a gross simplification 1 is introduced, that may jeopardise the ..."
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Cited by 505 (7 self)
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The calculus is considered an useful mathematical tool in the study of programming languages, since programs can be identified with terms. However, if one goes further and uses fijconversion to prove equivalence of programs, then a gross simplification 1 is introduced, that may jeopardise the applicability of theoretical results to real situations. In this paper we introduce a new calculus based on a categorical semantics for computations. This calculus provides a correct basis for proving equivalence of programs, independent from any specific computational model. 1 Introduction This paper is about logics for reasoning about programs, in particular for proving equivalence of programs. Following a consolidated tradition in theoretical computer science we identify programs with the closed terms, possibly containing extra constants, corresponding to some features of the programming language under consideration. There are three approaches to proving equivalence of programs: ffl T...
Formal Ontology and Information Systems
, 1998
"... Research on ontology is becoming increasingly widespread in the computer science community, and its importance is being recognized in a multiplicity of research fields and application areas, including knowledge engineering, database design and integration, information retrieval and extraction. We sh ..."
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Cited by 878 (11 self)
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Research on ontology is becoming increasingly widespread in the computer science community, and its importance is being recognized in a multiplicity of research fields and application areas, including knowledge engineering, database design and integration, information retrieval and extraction. We shall use the generic term information systems, in its broadest sense, to collectively refer to these application perspectives. We argue in this paper that socalled ontologies present their own methodological and architectural peculiarities: on the methodological side, their main peculiarity is the adoption of a highly interdisciplinary approach, while on the architectural side the most interesting aspect is the centrality of the role they can play in an information system, leading to the perspective of ontologydriven information systems.
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