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Estimating and Exploiting the Entropy of Sense Distributions
"... Word sense distributions are usually skewed. Predicting the extent of the skew can help a word sense disambiguation (WSD) system determine whether to consider evidence from the local context or apply the simple yet effective heuristic of using the first (most frequent) sense. In this paper, we propo ..."
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Cited by 1 (0 self)
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propose a method to estimate the entropy of a sense distribution to boost the precision of a first sense heuristic by restricting its application to words with lower entropy. We show on two standard datasets that automatic prediction of entropy can increase the performance of an automatic first sense
Estimating the Support of a HighDimensional Distribution
, 1999
"... Suppose you are given some dataset drawn from an underlying probability distribution P and you want to estimate a "simple" subset S of input space such that the probability that a test point drawn from P lies outside of S is bounded by some a priori specified between 0 and 1. We propo ..."
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Cited by 766 (29 self)
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Suppose you are given some dataset drawn from an underlying probability distribution P and you want to estimate a "simple" subset S of input space such that the probability that a test point drawn from P lies outside of S is bounded by some a priori specified between 0 and 1. We
Automatic Word Sense Discrimination
 Journal of Computational Linguistics
, 1998
"... This paper presents contextgroup discrimination, a disambiguation algorithm based on clustering. Senses are interpreted as groups (or clusters) of similar contexts of the ambiguous word. Words, contexts, and senses are represented in Word Space, a highdimensional, realvalued space in which closen ..."
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Cited by 530 (1 self)
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This paper presents contextgroup discrimination, a disambiguation algorithm based on clustering. Senses are interpreted as groups (or clusters) of similar contexts of the ambiguous word. Words, contexts, and senses are represented in Word Space, a highdimensional, realvalued space in which
Reality Mining: Sensing Complex Social Systems
 J. OF PERSONAL AND UBIQUITOUS COMPUTING
, 2005
"... We introduce a system for sensing complex social systems with data collected from one hundred mobile phones over the course of six months. We demonstrate the ability to use standard Bluetoothenabled mobile telephones to measure information access and use in different contexts, recognize social patt ..."
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Cited by 709 (27 self)
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We introduce a system for sensing complex social systems with data collected from one hundred mobile phones over the course of six months. We demonstrate the ability to use standard Bluetoothenabled mobile telephones to measure information access and use in different contexts, recognize social
A Sense of Self for Unix Processes
 In Proceedings of the 1996 IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy
, 1996
"... A method for anomaly detection is introduced in which "normal" is defined by shortrange correlations in a process ' system calls. Initial experiments suggest that the definition is stable during normal behavior for standard UNIX programs. Further, it is able to detect several common ..."
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Cited by 684 (29 self)
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A method for anomaly detection is introduced in which "normal" is defined by shortrange correlations in a process ' system calls. Initial experiments suggest that the definition is stable during normal behavior for standard UNIX programs. Further, it is able to detect several common intrusions involving sendmail and lpr. This work is part of a research program aimed at building computer security systems that incorporate the mechanisms and algorithms used by natural immune systems. 1 Introduction We are interested in developing computer security methods that are based on the way natural immune systems distinguish self from other. Such "artificial immune systems" would have richer notions of identity and protection than those afforded by current operating systems, and they could provide a layer of generalpurpose protection to augment current computer security systems. An important prerequisite of such a system is an appropriate definition of self, which is the subject of this paper. W...
DISTRIBUTED SYSTEMS
, 1985
"... Growth of distributed systems has attained unstoppable momentum. If we better understood how to think about, analyze, and design distributed systems, we could direct their implementation with more confidence. ..."
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Cited by 755 (1 self)
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Growth of distributed systems has attained unstoppable momentum. If we better understood how to think about, analyze, and design distributed systems, we could direct their implementation with more confidence.
Nonparametric estimation of average treatment effects under exogeneity: a review
 REVIEW OF ECONOMICS AND STATISTICS
, 2004
"... Recently there has been a surge in econometric work focusing on estimating average treatment effects under various sets of assumptions. One strand of this literature has developed methods for estimating average treatment effects for a binary treatment under assumptions variously described as exogen ..."
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Cited by 597 (26 self)
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considered estimation and inference for average treatment effects under weaker assumptions than typical of the earlier literature by avoiding distributional and functionalform assumptions. Various methods of semiparametric estimation have been proposed, including estimating the unknown regression functions
A Simple Estimator of Cointegrating Vectors in Higher Order Cointegrated Systems
 ECONOMETRICA
, 1993
"... Efficient estimators of cointegrating vectors are presented for systems involving deterministic components and variables of differing, higher orders of integration. The estimators are computed using GLS or OLS, and Wald Statistics constructed from these estimators have asymptotic x2 distributions. T ..."
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Cited by 507 (3 self)
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Efficient estimators of cointegrating vectors are presented for systems involving deterministic components and variables of differing, higher orders of integration. The estimators are computed using GLS or OLS, and Wald Statistics constructed from these estimators have asymptotic x2 distributions
UNet: A UserLevel Network Interface for Parallel and Distributed Computing
 In Fifteenth ACM Symposium on Operating System Principles
, 1995
"... The UNet communication architecture provides processes with a virtual view of a network interface to enable userlevel access to highspeed communication devices. The architecture, implemented on standard workstations using offtheshelf ATM communication hardware, removes the kernel from the communi ..."
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Cited by 596 (17 self)
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the communication path, while still providing full protection. The model presented by UNet allows for the construction of protocols at user level whose performance is only limited by the capabilities of network. The architecture is extremely flexible in the sense that traditional protocols like TCP and UDP
Results 1  10
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358,841