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Hierarchically Classifying Documents Using Very Few Words
, 1997
"... The proliferation of topic hierarchies for text documents has resulted in a need for tools that automatically classify new documents within such hierarchies. Existing classification schemes which ignore the hierarchical structure and treat the topics as separate classes are often inadequate in text ..."
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Cited by 521 (8 self)
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classification where the there is a large number of classes and a huge number of relevant features needed to distinguish between them. We propose an approach that utilizes the hierarchical topic structure to decompose the classification task into a set of simpler problems, one at each node in the classification
A Threshold of ln n for Approximating Set Cover
 JOURNAL OF THE ACM
, 1998
"... Given a collection F of subsets of S = f1; : : : ; ng, set cover is the problem of selecting as few as possible subsets from F such that their union covers S, and max kcover is the problem of selecting k subsets from F such that their union has maximum cardinality. Both these problems are NPhar ..."
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Cited by 778 (5 self)
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Given a collection F of subsets of S = f1; : : : ; ng, set cover is the problem of selecting as few as possible subsets from F such that their union covers S, and max kcover is the problem of selecting k subsets from F such that their union has maximum cardinality. Both these problems are NP
Mining Frequent Patterns without Candidate Generation: A FrequentPattern Tree Approach
 DATA MINING AND KNOWLEDGE DISCOVERY
, 2004
"... Mining frequent patterns in transaction databases, timeseries databases, and many other kinds of databases has been studied popularly in data mining research. Most of the previous studies adopt an Apriorilike candidate set generationandtest approach. However, candidate set generation is still co ..."
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Cited by 1700 (64 self)
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Mining frequent patterns in transaction databases, timeseries databases, and many other kinds of databases has been studied popularly in data mining research. Most of the previous studies adopt an Apriorilike candidate set generationandtest approach. However, candidate set generation is still
The Vocabulary Problem in HumanSystem Communication
 COMMUNICATIONS OF THE ACM
, 1987
"... In almost all computer applications, users must enter correct words for the desired objects or actions. For success without extensive training, or in firsttries for new targets, the system must recognize terms that will be chosen spontaneously. We studied spontaneous word choice for objects in five ..."
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Cited by 551 (8 self)
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In almost all computer applications, users must enter correct words for the desired objects or actions. For success without extensive training, or in firsttries for new targets, the system must recognize terms that will be chosen spontaneously. We studied spontaneous word choice for objects in five applicationrelated domains, and found the variability to be surprisingly large. In every case two people favored the same term with probability <0.20. Simulations show how this fundamental property of language limits the success of various design methodologies for vocabularydriven interaction. For example, the popular approach in which access is via one designer's favorite single word will result in 8090 percent failure rates in many common situations. An optimal strategy, unlimited aliasing, is derived and shown to be capable of severalfold improvements.
The Twin Crises: The Causes of Banking and BalanceofPayments Problems
"... In the wake of the Mexican and Asian currency turmoil, the subject of financial crises has come to the forefront of academic and policy discussions. This paper analyzes the links between banking and currency crises. We find that: problems in the banking sector typically precede a currency crisisâ€”the ..."
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Cited by 890 (27 self)
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In the wake of the Mexican and Asian currency turmoil, the subject of financial crises has come to the forefront of academic and policy discussions. This paper analyzes the links between banking and currency crises. We find that: problems in the banking sector typically precede a currency crisis
Solving multiclass learning problems via errorcorrecting output codes
 JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE RESEARCH
, 1995
"... Multiclass learning problems involve nding a de nition for an unknown function f(x) whose range is a discrete set containing k>2values (i.e., k \classes"). The de nition is acquired by studying collections of training examples of the form hx i;f(x i)i. Existing approaches to multiclass l ..."
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Cited by 730 (8 self)
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Multiclass learning problems involve nding a de nition for an unknown function f(x) whose range is a discrete set containing k>2values (i.e., k \classes"). The de nition is acquired by studying collections of training examples of the form hx i;f(x i)i. Existing approaches to multiclass
Improved Approximation Algorithms for Maximum Cut and Satisfiability Problems Using Semidefinite Programming
 Journal of the ACM
, 1995
"... We present randomized approximation algorithms for the maximum cut (MAX CUT) and maximum 2satisfiability (MAX 2SAT) problems that always deliver solutions of expected value at least .87856 times the optimal value. These algorithms use a simple and elegant technique that randomly rounds the solution ..."
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Cited by 1231 (13 self)
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We present randomized approximation algorithms for the maximum cut (MAX CUT) and maximum 2satisfiability (MAX 2SAT) problems that always deliver solutions of expected value at least .87856 times the optimal value. These algorithms use a simple and elegant technique that randomly rounds
The broadcast storm problem in a mobile ad hoc network
 ACM Wireless Networks
, 2002
"... Broadcasting is a common operation in a network to resolve many issues. In a mobile ad hoc network (MANET) in particular, due to host mobility, such operations are expected to be executed more frequently (such as finding a route to a particular host, paging a particular host, and sending an alarm s ..."
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Cited by 1217 (15 self)
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signal). Because radio signals are likely to overlap with others in a geographical area, a straightforward broadcasting by flooding is usually very costly and will result in serious redundancy, contention, and collision, to which we refer as the broadcast storm problem. In this paper, we iden
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