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436,145
Bayes Factors
, 1995
"... In a 1935 paper, and in his book Theory of Probability, Jeffreys developed a methodology for quantifying the evidence in favor of a scientific theory. The centerpiece was a number, now called the Bayes factor, which is the posterior odds of the null hypothesis when the prior probability on the null ..."
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Cited by 1766 (74 self)
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In a 1935 paper, and in his book Theory of Probability, Jeffreys developed a methodology for quantifying the evidence in favor of a scientific theory. The centerpiece was a number, now called the Bayes factor, which is the posterior odds of the null hypothesis when the prior probability on the null
Factor Graphs and the SumProduct Algorithm
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY
, 1998
"... A factor graph is a bipartite graph that expresses how a "global" function of many variables factors into a product of "local" functions. Factor graphs subsume many other graphical models including Bayesian networks, Markov random fields, and Tanner graphs. Following one simple c ..."
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Cited by 1787 (72 self)
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A factor graph is a bipartite graph that expresses how a "global" function of many variables factors into a product of "local" functions. Factor graphs subsume many other graphical models including Bayesian networks, Markov random fields, and Tanner graphs. Following one simple
FAST VOLUME RENDERING USING A SHEARWARP FACTORIZATION OF THE VIEWING TRANSFORMATION
, 1995
"... Volume rendering is a technique for visualizing 3D arrays of sampled data. It has applications in areas such as medical imaging and scientific visualization, but its use has been limited by its high computational expense. Early implementations of volume rendering used bruteforce techniques that req ..."
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Cited by 541 (2 self)
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Volume rendering is a technique for visualizing 3D arrays of sampled data. It has applications in areas such as medical imaging and scientific visualization, but its use has been limited by its high computational expense. Early implementations of volume rendering used bruteforce techniques that require on the order of 100 seconds to render typical data sets on a workstation. Algorithms with optimizations that exploit coherence in the data have reduced rendering times to the range of ten seconds but are still not fast enough for interactive visualization applications. In this thesis we present a family of volume rendering algorithms that reduces rendering times to one second. First we present a scanlineorder volume rendering algorithm that exploits coherence in both the volume data and the image. We show that scanlineorder algorithms are fundamentally more efficient than commonlyused ray casting algorithms because the latter must perform analytic geometry calculations (e.g. intersecting rays with axisaligned boxes). The new scanlineorder algorithm simply streams through the volume and the image in storage order. We describe variants of the algorithm for both parallel and perspective projections and
2003: Global analyses of sea surface temperature, sea ice, and night marine air temperature since the late Nineteenth Century
 J. Geophysical Research
"... data set, HadISST1, and the nighttime marine air temperature (NMAT) data set, HadMAT1. HadISST1 replaces the global sea ice and sea surface temperature (GISST) data sets and is a unique combination of monthly globally complete fields of SST and sea ice concentration on a 1 ° latitudelongitude grid ..."
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Cited by 517 (3 self)
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data set, HadISST1, and the nighttime marine air temperature (NMAT) data set, HadMAT1. HadISST1 replaces the global sea ice and sea surface temperature (GISST) data sets and is a unique combination of monthly globally complete fields of SST and sea ice concentration on a 1 ° latitudelongitude grid
Does Social Capital Have an Economic Payoff? A CrossCountry Investigation
 Quarterly Journal of Economics
, 1997
"... This paper presents evidence that “social capital ” matters for measurable economic performance, using indicators of trust and civic norms from the World Values Surveys for a sample of 29 market economies. Memberships in formal groups—Putnam’s measure of social capital—is not associated with trust o ..."
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Cited by 1335 (8 self)
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or with improved economic performance. We find trust and civic norms are stronger in nations with higher and more equal incomes, with institutions that restrain predatory actions of chief executives, and with bettereducated and ethnically homogeneous populations. I.
Complete discrete 2D Gabor transforms by neural networks for image analysis and compression
, 1988
"... AbstractA threelayered neural network is described for transforming twodimensional discrete signals into generalized nonorthogonal 2D “Gabor ” representations for image analysis, segmentation, and compression. These transforms are conjoint spatiahpectral representations [lo], [15], which provide ..."
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Cited by 475 (8 self)
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provide a complete image description in terms of locally windowed 2D spectral coordinates embedded within global 2D spatial coordinates. Because intrinsic redundancies within images are extracted, the resulting image codes can be very compact. However, these conjoint transforms are inherently difficult
Practical network support for IP traceback
, 2000
"... This paper describes a technique for tracing anonymous packet flooding attacks in the Internet back towards their source. This work is motivated by the increased frequency and sophistication of denialofservice attacks and by the difficulty in tracing packets with incorrect, or “spoofed”, source ad ..."
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Cited by 666 (14 self)
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). Moreover, this traceback can be performed “postmortem ” – after an attack has completed. We present an implementation of this technology that is incrementally deployable, (mostly) backwards compatible and can be efficiently implemented using conventional technology. 1.
The program dependence graph and its use in optimization
 ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems
, 1987
"... In this paper we present an intermediate program representation, called the program dependence graph (PDG), that makes explicit both the data and control dependence5 for each operation in a program. Data dependences have been used to represent only the relevant data flow relationships of a program. ..."
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Cited by 989 (3 self)
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computationally related parts of the program, a single walk of these dependences is sufficient to perform many optimizations. The PDG allows transformations such as vectorization, that previously required special treatment of control dependence, to be performed in a manner that is uniform for both control
Coherent Measures of Risk
, 1998
"... In this paper we study both market risks and nonmarket risks, without complete markets assumption, and discuss methods of measurement of these risks. We present and justify a set of four desirable properties for measures of risk, and call the measures satisfying these properties "coherent" ..."
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Cited by 882 (4 self)
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In this paper we study both market risks and nonmarket risks, without complete markets assumption, and discuss methods of measurement of these risks. We present and justify a set of four desirable properties for measures of risk, and call the measures satisfying these properties "
Routing in a delay tolerant network
 Proceedings of ACM Sigcomm
, 2004
"... We formulate the delaytolerant networking routing problem, where messages are to be moved endtoend across a connectivity graph that is timevarying but whose dynamics may be known in advance. The problem has the added constraints of finite buffers at each node and the general property that no con ..."
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Cited by 612 (8 self)
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algorithms and use simulations to compare their performance with respect to the amount of knowledge they require about network topology. We find that, as expected, the algorithms using the least knowledge tend to perform poorly. We also find that with limited additional knowledge, far less than complete
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