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81
Contractual Commitments, Bargaining Power, and Governance Inseparability: Incorporating History into Transaction Cost Theory
 Academy of Management Review
, 1999
"... *Argyres is the corresponding author for this paper; he can be reached at nargyres@marshall.usc.edu or at (213) 7405552. The authors ' names are listed in alphabetical order; they contributed equally to the writing of this paper. We thank three anonymous referees for many useful comments and s ..."
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Cited by 91 (1 self)
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*Argyres is the corresponding author for this paper; he can be reached at nargyres@marshall.usc.edu or at (213) 7405552. The authors ' names are listed in alphabetical order; they contributed equally to the writing of this paper. We thank three anonymous referees for many useful comments and suggestions. Transaction cost economics (TCE) is becoming a predominant economic theory of the firm. In this theory, transactions with particular characteristics are said to be efficiently governed by particular organizational arrangements, and not others. Thus, firms are said to be formed around transactions characterized by uncertainty and by economic spillovers, especially those resulting
Computational Plasticity: The Variational Basis And Numerical Analysis
 Computational Mechanics Advances
, 1995
"... . The quasistatic problem of elastoplasticity with combined kinematic and isotropic hardening is considered, with particular emphasis on variational aspects and numerical approximations of this problem. It is shown that the problem may be formulated variationally in two alternative, dual, forms; bot ..."
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Cited by 25 (9 self)
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. The quasistatic problem of elastoplasticity with combined kinematic and isotropic hardening is considered, with particular emphasis on variational aspects and numerical approximations of this problem. It is shown that the problem may be formulated variationally in two alternative, dual, forms; both formulations are variational inequalities, but they differ from each other in the form they take, and in the set of variables they use. These problems are referred to as primal and dual formulations, and for each formulation the issue of existence and uniqueness of solutions is discussed in detail. Error analysis of temporally semidiscrete, spatially semidiscrete and fullydiscrete approximations of the quasistatic problem is given in the context of both variational formulations. Finally, some popular solution algorithms are reviewed, and their properties are investigated. Of particular interest are conditions under which such algorithms converge, and the role played by the choice of alg...
On the Finite Element Method for Mixed Variational Inequalities Arising in Elastoplasticity
 SIAM J. Numer. Anal
"... . We analyze the finite element method for a class of mixed variational inequalities of the second kind, which arises in elastoplastic problems. An abstract variational inequality, of which the elastoplastic problems are special cases, has been previously introduced and analyzed [31], and existence ..."
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Cited by 18 (5 self)
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. We analyze the finite element method for a class of mixed variational inequalities of the second kind, which arises in elastoplastic problems. An abstract variational inequality, of which the elastoplastic problems are special cases, has been previously introduced and analyzed [31], and existence and uniqueness results for this problem have been given there. In this contribution the same approach is taken; that is, finite element approximations of the abstract variational inequality are analyzed, and the results are then discussed in further detail in the context of the concrete problems. Results on convergence are presented, as are error estimates. Regularization methods are commonly employed in variational inequalities of this kind, in both theoretical as well as computational investigations. We derive aposteriori error estimates which enable us to determine whether the solution of a regularized problem can be taken as a sufficiently accurate approximation of the solution of the o...
Parallel Function Decomposition and Space Decomposition Methods with Applications to Optimization, Splitting and Domain Decomposition
 BEIJING MATHEMATICS
, 1992
"... Some methods which we call function decomposition methods and space decomposition methods are developed. These methods deal with a convex programming problem, i.e. a minimization problem of a convex function over a space or a convex set of a space. If the function can be decomposed into the sum of c ..."
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Cited by 17 (15 self)
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Some methods which we call function decomposition methods and space decomposition methods are developed. These methods deal with a convex programming problem, i.e. a minimization problem of a convex function over a space or a convex set of a space. If the function can be decomposed into the sum of convex functions or the space can be decomposed into the sum of subspaces, then parallel methods can be used for the minimization. In practical problems, there are many different ways to decompose a function and to decompose a space. Many partial differential equations can be formulated as a minimization problem in some way. Therefore, we get some parallel methods for partial differential equations. The method is not restricted to linear problems, nonlinear problems are naturally included into the theory. In the paper, the applications to linear and quasilinear selfadjoint elliptic equations, to strongly nonlinear elliptic equation like the pLaplace equation, to the Stokes equation a...
Impact of Process Design on the Multiplicity Behavior of a Jacketed Exothermic CSTR
, 1995
"... Much of the previous research on exothermic reactor operation has been based on the classic twostate continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR) model. An implicit assumption of this model is that the cooling jacket temperature dynamics are negligible. In this case the cooling jacket temperature is the ..."
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Cited by 11 (9 self)
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Much of the previous research on exothermic reactor operation has been based on the classic twostate continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR) model. An implicit assumption of this model is that the cooling jacket temperature dynamics are negligible. In this case the cooling jacket temperature is the manipulated input (instead of the cooling jacket flowrate) for feedback control of reactor temperature. We show that the addition of a cooling jacket energy balance results in much more complex behavior than a simple lag effect. We also show that a stabilizing innerloop cascade controller is assumed in the twostate CSTR model, because the threestate CSTR model (incorporating cooling jacket temperature dynamics) may be openloop unstable when the twostate model is openloop stable. The influence of design parameters on the multiplicity behavior of a threestate CSTR model is considered in this paper. We use singularity theory to study the effect of process parameters (such as the cooling ...
What BioTechnologists knew all along
 J. Theoret. Biol
, 1996
"... {{Nothing is more di.cult to undertake \ more perilous to conduct \ or more uncertain in its outcome than to take the lead in introducing a new order of things \ for the innovator has for its enemies all those who have done well under the old \ and lukewarm defenders who may do well under the new ..."
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Cited by 8 (2 self)
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{{Nothing is more di.cult to undertake \ more perilous to conduct \ or more uncertain in its outcome than to take the lead in introducing a new order of things \ for the innovator has for its enemies all those who have done well under the old \ and lukewarm defenders who may do well under the new Machiavelli \ {{The Prince Qualitative \ trial!and!error methods designed to increase the ~ux to desirable biotechnological products have led to new technologies and vast improvements in existing ones [ However \ these methods now appear in many cases to have approached their limit [ In addition \ there is a strong feeling in industry that much of the recent boom in academic knowledge of biochemistry and molecular biology passes biotechnology by \ simply because one cannot evaluate the implications of molecular kinetics for the functioning of the producer organisms as a whole [ New methods \ or more rational methods \ are called for [ One \ aimed at increasing only the concentration of a single metabolite by site!directed mutagenesis is developed here[
Which Foreigners Are Worth Wooing? A MetaAnalysis of Vertical Spillovers from FDI.” Working Papers 2010/03, Czech National Bank, Research Department HAVRANEK, T
 AND IRSOVA, Z. (2011): “Estimating Vertical Spillovers from FDI: Why Results Vary and What the True Effect Is.” Journal of International Economics, (forthcoming. DOI: 10.1016/j.jinteco.2011.07.004 JABBOUR, L. AND MUCCHIELLI
, 2010
"... The Working Paper Series of the Czech National Bank (CNB) is intended to disseminate the results of the CNB’s research projects as well as the other research activities of both the staff of the CNB and collaborating outside contributor, including invited speakers. The Series aims to present original ..."
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Cited by 7 (1 self)
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The Working Paper Series of the Czech National Bank (CNB) is intended to disseminate the results of the CNB’s research projects as well as the other research activities of both the staff of the CNB and collaborating outside contributor, including invited speakers. The Series aims to present original research contributions relevant to central banks. It is refereed internationally. The referee process is managed by the CNB Research Department. The working papers are circulated to stimulate discussion. The views expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official views of the CNB.
Presidential Election Probability Puzzler Winner and Solution............. 24 St. Patrick’s Day Probability Puzzler.... 25 Application Process Now Open for
"... My interest in statistics was kindled by a university course that was structured to show some of the real world problems in statistics. Michael Joner All of the traditional concepts of statistics were in the course, including Z tests, t tests, Type I and Type II errors, confidence intervals, the bin ..."
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My interest in statistics was kindled by a university course that was structured to show some of the real world problems in statistics. Michael Joner All of the traditional concepts of statistics were in the course, including Z tests, t tests, Type I and Type II errors, confidence intervals, the binomial distribution, and regression. But I don’t remember the primary focus being on the equations and tables. What caught my attention was the
Some of these have become Vice
"... Over the past 15 years I have been involved and held leadership roles in both ASQ Sections and Divisions. I have seen ASQ from both sides of the fence, you can say. I have seen ..."
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Over the past 15 years I have been involved and held leadership roles in both ASQ Sections and Divisions. I have seen ASQ from both sides of the fence, you can say. I have seen
Results 1  10
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