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Distributed Subgradient Methods and Quantization Effects
"... Abstract — We consider a convex unconstrained optimization problem that arises in a network of agents whose goal is to cooperatively optimize the sum of the individual agent objective functions through local computations and communications. For this problem, we use averaging algorithms to develop di ..."
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Cited by 14 (1 self)
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distributed subgradient methods that can operate over a timevarying topology. Our focus is on the convergence rate of these methods and the degradation in performance when only quantized information is available. Based on our recent results on the convergence time of distributed averaging algorithms, we
Quantization Index Modulation: A Class of Provably Good Methods for Digital Watermarking and Information Embedding
 IEEE TRANS. ON INFORMATION THEORY
, 1999
"... We consider the problem of embedding one signal (e.g., a digital watermark), within another "host" signal to form a third, "composite" signal. The embedding is designed to achieve efficient tradeoffs among the three conflicting goals of maximizing informationembedding rate, mini ..."
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Cited by 495 (15 self)
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, minimizing distortion between the host signal and composite signal, and maximizing the robustness of the embedding. We introduce new classes of embedding methods, termed quantization index modulation (QIM) and distortioncompensated QIM (DCQIM), and develop convenient realizations in the form of what we
The information bottleneck method
 University of Illinois
, 1999
"... We define the relevant information in a signal x ∈ X as being the information that this signal provides about another signal y ∈ Y. Examples include the information that face images provide about the names of the people portrayed, or the information that speech sounds provide about the words spoken. ..."
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Cited by 545 (38 self)
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consistent equations for the coding rules X → ˜ X and ˜ X → Y. Solutions to these equations can be found by a convergent re–estimation method that generalizes the Blahut–Arimoto algorithm. Our variational principle provides a surprisingly rich framework for discussing a variety of problems in signal
Estimating the Support of a HighDimensional Distribution
, 1999
"... Suppose you are given some dataset drawn from an underlying probability distribution P and you want to estimate a "simple" subset S of input space such that the probability that a test point drawn from P lies outside of S is bounded by some a priori specified between 0 and 1. We propo ..."
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Cited by 766 (29 self)
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Suppose you are given some dataset drawn from an underlying probability distribution P and you want to estimate a "simple" subset S of input space such that the probability that a test point drawn from P lies outside of S is bounded by some a priori specified between 0 and 1. We
UNet: A UserLevel Network Interface for Parallel and Distributed Computing
 In Fifteenth ACM Symposium on Operating System Principles
, 1995
"... The UNet communication architecture provides processes with a virtual view of a network interface to enable userlevel access to highspeed communication devices. The architecture, implemented on standard workstations using offtheshelf ATM communication hardware, removes the kernel from the communi ..."
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Cited by 596 (17 self)
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The UNet communication architecture provides processes with a virtual view of a network interface to enable userlevel access to highspeed communication devices. The architecture, implemented on standard workstations using offtheshelf ATM communication hardware, removes the kernel from the communication path, while still providing full protection. The model presented by UNet allows for the construction of protocols at user level whose performance is only limited by the capabilities of network. The architecture is extremely flexible in the sense that traditional protocols like TCP and UDP, as well as novel abstractions like Active Messages can be implemented efficiently. A UNet prototype on an 8node ATM cluster of standard workstations offers 65 microseconds roundtrip latency and 15 Mbytes/sec bandwidth. It achieves TCP performance at maximum network bandwidth and demonstrates performance equivalent to Meiko CS2 and TMC CM5 supercomputers on a set of SplitC benchmarks. 1
Determining Optical Flow
 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
, 1981
"... Optical flow cannot be computed locally, since only one independent measurement is available from the image sequence at a point, while the flow velocity has two components. A second constraint is needed. A method for finding the optical flow pattern is presented which assumes that the apparent veloc ..."
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Cited by 2379 (9 self)
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Optical flow cannot be computed locally, since only one independent measurement is available from the image sequence at a point, while the flow velocity has two components. A second constraint is needed. A method for finding the optical flow pattern is presented which assumes that the apparent
View Interpolation for Image Synthesis
"... Imagespace simplifications have been used to accelerate the calculation of computer graphic images since the dawn of visual simulation. Texture mapping has been used to provide a means by which images may themselves be used as display primitives. The work reported by this paper endeavors to carry t ..."
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Cited by 605 (0 self)
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this concept to its logical extreme by using interpolated images to portray threedimensional scenes. The specialeffects technique of morphing, which combines interpolation of texture maps and their shape, is applied to computing arbitrary intermediate frames from an array of prestored images. If the images
Image denoising using a scale mixture of Gaussians in the wavelet domain
 IEEE TRANS IMAGE PROCESSING
, 2003
"... We describe a method for removing noise from digital images, based on a statistical model of the coefficients of an overcomplete multiscale oriented basis. Neighborhoods of coefficients at adjacent positions and scales are modeled as the product of two independent random variables: a Gaussian vecto ..."
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Cited by 514 (17 self)
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We describe a method for removing noise from digital images, based on a statistical model of the coefficients of an overcomplete multiscale oriented basis. Neighborhoods of coefficients at adjacent positions and scales are modeled as the product of two independent random variables: a Gaussian
Analysis, Modeling and Generation of SelfSimilar VBR Video Traffic
, 1994
"... We present a detailed statistical analysis of a 2hour long empirical sample of VBR video. The sample was obtained by applying a simple intraframe video compression code to an action movie. The main findings of our analysis are (1) the tail behavior of the marginal bandwidth distribution can be accu ..."
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Cited by 546 (6 self)
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We present a detailed statistical analysis of a 2hour long empirical sample of VBR video. The sample was obtained by applying a simple intraframe video compression code to an action movie. The main findings of our analysis are (1) the tail behavior of the marginal bandwidth distribution can
SIMPLIcity: SemanticsSensitive Integrated Matching for Picture LIbraries
 IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
, 2001
"... The need for efficient contentbased image retrieval has increased tremendously in many application areas such as biomedicine, military, commerce, education, and Web image classification and searching. We present here SIMPLIcity (Semanticssensitive Integrated Matching for Picture LIbraries), an imag ..."
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Cited by 541 (35 self)
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), an image retrieval system, which uses semantics classification methods, a waveletbased approach for feature extraction, and integrated region matching based upon image segmentation. As in other regionbased retrieval systems, an image is represented by a set of regions, roughly corresponding to objects
Results 1  10
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