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KSVD: An Algorithm for Designing Overcomplete Dictionaries for Sparse Representation
, 2006
"... In recent years there has been a growing interest in the study of sparse representation of signals. Using an overcomplete dictionary that contains prototype signalatoms, signals are described by sparse linear combinations of these atoms. Applications that use sparse representation are many and inc ..."
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Cited by 930 (41 self)
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In recent years there has been a growing interest in the study of sparse representation of signals. Using an overcomplete dictionary that contains prototype signalatoms, signals are described by sparse linear combinations of these atoms. Applications that use sparse representation are many
The Skill Content of Recent Technological Change: An Empirical Exploration
, 2000
"... Recent empirical and case study evidence documents a strong association between the adoption of computers and increased use of college educated or nonproduction workers. With few exceptions, the conceptual link explaining how computer technology complements skilled labor or substitutes for unskille ..."
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Cited by 607 (29 self)
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the assumption that routine and nonroutine tasks are imperfect substitutes, the task framework implies measurable changes in the task content of employment. We examine these changes using representative samples of workers from 1960 to 1998 where individual characteristics are augmented with Dictionary
Solving multiclass learning problems via errorcorrecting output codes
 JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE RESEARCH
, 1995
"... Multiclass learning problems involve nding a de nition for an unknown function f(x) whose range is a discrete set containing k>2values (i.e., k \classes"). The de nition is acquired by studying collections of training examples of the form hx i;f(x i)i. Existing approaches to multiclass l ..."
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Cited by 730 (8 self)
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Multiclass learning problems involve nding a de nition for an unknown function f(x) whose range is a discrete set containing k>2values (i.e., k \classes"). The de nition is acquired by studying collections of training examples of the form hx i;f(x i)i. Existing approaches to multiclass
Ensemble Methods in Machine Learning
 MULTIPLE CLASSIFIER SYSTEMS, LBCS1857
, 2000
"... Ensemble methods are learning algorithms that construct a set of classifiers and then classify new data points by taking a (weighted) vote of their predictions. The original ensemble method is Bayesian averaging, but more recent algorithms include errorcorrecting output coding, Bagging, and boostin ..."
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Cited by 607 (3 self)
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Ensemble methods are learning algorithms that construct a set of classifiers and then classify new data points by taking a (weighted) vote of their predictions. The original ensemble method is Bayesian averaging, but more recent algorithms include errorcorrecting output coding, Bagging
Regression Shrinkage and Selection Via the Lasso
 Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series B
, 1994
"... We propose a new method for estimation in linear models. The "lasso" minimizes the residual sum of squares subject to the sum of the absolute value of the coefficients being less than a constant. Because of the nature of this constraint it tends to produce some coefficients that are exactl ..."
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Cited by 4055 (51 self)
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We propose a new method for estimation in linear models. The "lasso" minimizes the residual sum of squares subject to the sum of the absolute value of the coefficients being less than a constant. Because of the nature of this constraint it tends to produce some coefficients that are exactly zero and hence gives interpretable models. Our simulation studies suggest that the lasso enjoys some of the favourable properties of both subset selection and ridge regression. It produces interpretable models like subset selection and exhibits the stability of ridge regression. There is also an interesting relationship with recent work in adaptive function estimation by Donoho and Johnstone. The lasso idea is quite general and can be applied in a variety of statistical models: extensions to generalized regression models and treebased models are briefly described. Keywords: regression, subset selection, shrinkage, quadratic programming. 1 Introduction Consider the usual regression situation: we h...
Estimating the number of clusters in a dataset via the Gap statistic
, 2000
"... We propose a method (the \Gap statistic") for estimating the number of clusters (groups) in a set of data. The technique uses the output of any clustering algorithm (e.g. kmeans or hierarchical), comparing the change in within cluster dispersion to that expected under an appropriate reference ..."
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Cited by 492 (1 self)
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null distribution. Some theory is developed for the proposal and a simulation study that shows that the Gap statistic usually outperforms other methods that have been proposed in the literature. We also briey explore application of the same technique to the problem for estimating the number of linear
NewsWeeder: Learning to Filter Netnews
 in Proceedings of the 12th International Machine Learning Conference (ML95
, 1995
"... A significant problem in many information filtering systems is the dependence on the user for the creation and maintenance of a user profile, which describes the user's interests. NewsWeeder is a netnewsfiltering system that addresses this problem by letting the user rate his or her interest l ..."
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Cited by 555 (0 self)
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level for each article being read (15), and then learning a user profile based on these ratings. This paper describes how NewsWeeder accomplishes this task, and examines the alternative learning methods used. The results show that a learning algorithm based on the Minimum Description Length (MDL
Machine Learning in Automated Text Categorization
 ACM COMPUTING SURVEYS
, 2002
"... The automated categorization (or classification) of texts into predefined categories has witnessed a booming interest in the last ten years, due to the increased availability of documents in digital form and the ensuing need to organize them. In the research community the dominant approach to this p ..."
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Cited by 1658 (22 self)
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to this problem is based on machine learning techniques: a general inductive process automatically builds a classifier by learning, from a set of preclassified documents, the characteristics of the categories. The advantages of this approach over the knowledge engineering approach (consisting in the manual
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