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Designing topic shifts with graphs
"... Abstract. We present Cheshire, a recommendation system to help in building reading lists for topic shifts. Given a document collection, a starting topic and a target topic (expressed by keywords), Cheshire recommends the sequence of documents that bridges the gap between input and target topics with ..."
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Abstract. We present Cheshire, a recommendation system to help in building reading lists for topic shifts. Given a document collection, a starting topic and a target topic (expressed by keywords), Cheshire recommends the sequence of documents that bridges the gap between input and target topics
Community detection in graphs
, 2009
"... The modern science of networks has brought significant advances to our understanding of complex systems. One of the most relevant features of graphs representing real systems is community structure, or clustering, i. e. the organization of vertices in clusters, with many edges joining vertices of th ..."
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Cited by 801 (1 self)
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The modern science of networks has brought significant advances to our understanding of complex systems. One of the most relevant features of graphs representing real systems is community structure, or clustering, i. e. the organization of vertices in clusters, with many edges joining vertices
Factor Graphs and the SumProduct Algorithm
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY
, 1998
"... A factor graph is a bipartite graph that expresses how a "global" function of many variables factors into a product of "local" functions. Factor graphs subsume many other graphical models including Bayesian networks, Markov random fields, and Tanner graphs. Following one simple c ..."
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Cited by 1787 (72 self)
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A factor graph is a bipartite graph that expresses how a "global" function of many variables factors into a product of "local" functions. Factor graphs subsume many other graphical models including Bayesian networks, Markov random fields, and Tanner graphs. Following one simple
TopicSensitive PageRank
, 2002
"... In the original PageRank algorithm for improving the ranking of searchquery results, a single PageRank vector is computed, using the link structure of the Web, to capture the relative "importance" of Web pages, independent of any particular search query. To yield more accurate search resu ..."
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Cited by 535 (10 self)
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results, we propose computing a set of PageRank vectors, biased using a set of representative topics, to capture more accurately the notion of importance with respect to a particular topic. By using these (precomputed) biased PageRank vectors to generate queryspecific importance scores for pages at query
Graphs over Time: Densification Laws, Shrinking Diameters and Possible Explanations
, 2005
"... How do real graphs evolve over time? What are “normal” growth patterns in social, technological, and information networks? Many studies have discovered patterns in static graphs, identifying properties in a single snapshot of a large network, or in a very small number of snapshots; these include hea ..."
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Cited by 534 (48 self)
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How do real graphs evolve over time? What are “normal” growth patterns in social, technological, and information networks? Many studies have discovered patterns in static graphs, identifying properties in a single snapshot of a large network, or in a very small number of snapshots; these include
Focused crawling: a new approach to topicspecific Web resource discovery
, 1999
"... The rapid growth of the WorldWide Web poses unprecedented scaling challenges for generalpurpose crawlers and search engines. In this paper we describe a new hypertext resource discovery system called a Focused Crawler. The goal of a focused crawler is to selectively seek out pages that are relevan ..."
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Cited by 628 (10 self)
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that are relevant to a predefined set of topics. The topics are specified not using keywords, but using exemplary documents. Rather than collecting and indexing all accessible Web documents to be able to answer all possible adhoc queries, a focused crawler analyzes its crawl boundary to find the links
Secure Group Communications Using Key Graphs
, 1998
"... Many emerging applications (e.g., teleconference, realtime information services, pay per view, distributed interactive simulation, and collaborative work) are based upon a group communications model, i.e., they require packet delivery from one or more authorized senders to a very large number of au ..."
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Cited by 552 (17 self)
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management. We formalize the notion of a secure group as a triple (U; K;R) where U denotes a set of users, K a set of keys held by the users, and R a userkey relation. We then introduce key graphs to specify secure groups. For a special class of key graphs, we present three strategies for securely
KSVD: An Algorithm for Designing Overcomplete Dictionaries for Sparse Representation
, 2006
"... In recent years there has been a growing interest in the study of sparse representation of signals. Using an overcomplete dictionary that contains prototype signalatoms, signals are described by sparse linear combinations of these atoms. Applications that use sparse representation are many and inc ..."
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Cited by 930 (41 self)
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and include compression, regularization in inverse problems, feature extraction, and more. Recent activity in this field has concentrated mainly on the study of pursuit algorithms that decompose signals with respect to a given dictionary. Designing dictionaries to better fit the above model can be done
The Design and Use of Steerable Filters
 IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
, 1991
"... Oriented filters are useful in many early vision and image processing tasks. One often needs to apply the same filter, rotated to different angles under adaptive control, or wishes to calculate the filter response at various orientations. We present an efficient architecture to synthesize filters of ..."
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Cited by 1079 (11 self)
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Oriented filters are useful in many early vision and image processing tasks. One often needs to apply the same filter, rotated to different angles under adaptive control, or wishes to calculate the filter response at various orientations. We present an efficient architecture to synthesize filters of arbitrary orientations from linear combinations of basis filters, allowing one to adaptively "steer" a filter to any orientation, and to determine analytically the filter output as a function of orientation.
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