### Table 2. Performance of the cross-projection method.

### Table 4. Correlations among Selected Socioeconomic Variables: 1994 General Social Survey (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)

2000

"... In PAGE 15: ... 12 proxy in the GSS and SAF, and it thus will eventually be possible to correct for random and some forms of nonrandom response error. Table4 gives preliminary estimates of sibling correlations, based on data reported by the 1994 GSS respondents. To our knowledge, these are the first such correlations observed for 15 even a moderately large random sample of the adult population of the U.... ..."

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### Table 1. A Classification of Social Security Systems

"... In PAGE 14: ... With these values held constant, we can derive the relationship between the reserve fund and the tax in a steady state equilibrium (where the growth rate equals g) from Equation (6). Table1 presents the full spectrum of permissible fiscal systems, assuming a steady state equilibrium with b and f held constant. [Table 1 goes here] In the absence of any reserve fund, the tax must be sufficient to cover benefits fully.... In PAGE 14: ... Table 1 presents the full spectrum of permissible fiscal systems, assuming a steady state equilibrium with b and f held constant. [ Table1 goes here] In the absence of any reserve fund, the tax must be sufficient to cover benefits fully. Since the taxable base of workers is growing at the same rate as the capital stock in the steady state, the effective yield on taxes will be the long-run growth rate.... ..."

### TABLE VIII. Percentage of Threefold Cross-validation Results Obtained With Several BRNNs and the Corresponding Ensemble on the Test Set, for PSI-BLAST- Based Input Profiles*

### Table 2: Sectoral Export and Import Shares in World Trade (Percent)

"... In PAGE 8: ...PEC Model Regions ....................... 6 Table2 : Sectoral Export and Import Shares in World Trade .... In PAGE 8: ...able 19: Parameters in the APEC CGE Model ............................... 57 Table2 0: Variables in the APEC CGE Model .... In PAGE 8: ...able 20: Variables in the APEC CGE Model ................................ 58 Table2 1: Quantity Equations .... In PAGE 8: ...able 21: Quantity Equations .......................................... 59 Table2 2: Price Equations .... In PAGE 8: ...able 22: Price Equations ............................................. 59 Table2 3: Income and Expenditure Equations .... In PAGE 8: .................................. 60 Table2 4: Export and Externality Equations .... In PAGE 8: ................................... 61 Table2 5: AIDS Import Demand Equations .... In PAGE 8: ...able 25: AIDS Import Demand Equations .................................. 62 Table2 6: Migration Relations .... In PAGE 8: ...able 26: Migration Relations .......................................... 62 Table2 7: Market-Clearing Equations .... In PAGE 16: ...Table2 presents the share of each region apos;s exports and imports in total world trade from the base data used in the model. Aggregation of individual economies into regions for use in the model involved netting out trade among the combined economies, so that these data will not match data from other statistical sources on world trade volumes.... In PAGE 68: ...Table2 0: Variables in the APEC CGE Model Price block Migration block EXR(k) Exchange rate WGDFL(la,k,lb,l) Wage differentials PC(i,k) Consumption price of composite MIGL(la,k) Labor migration flows (within good category) PD(i,k) Domestic prices MIGRU(la,k) Labor migration flows (across PDA(i,k) Processors actual domestic sales category) price including subsidy PE(i,k,ctyl) Domestic price of exports Income and expenditure block PEK(i,k) Average domestic price of exports CDD(i,k) Private consumption demand PINDCON(k) Consumer price index CONTAX(k) Consumption taxes PM(i,k,ctyl) Domestic price of imports ENTSAV(k) Enterprise savings PQ(i,k) Price of composite goods ENTAX(k) Enterprise taxes PREM(i,k) Premium income from import ENTT(k) Government transfers to enterprises rationing ESR(k) Enterprise savings rate PVA(i,k) Value added price including EXPTAX(k) Export tax revenue subsidies FBAL(k) Overall current account balance PVAB(i,k) Value added price net of subsidies FBOR(k) Foreign borrowing by government PWE(i,ctyl,cty2) World price of exports FKAP(k) Foreign capital flow to enterprises PWM(i,ctyl,cty2) World price of imnports FSAV(k,ctyl) Bilateral net foreign savings PWERAT(i,k) Ratio of world export prices FSAVE(k) Foreign savings PWEFX(i) benchmark world export price FTAX(k) Factor taxes PX(i,k) Average output price GD(i,k) Government demand by sector TM2(i,k,ctyl) Import premium rates GDPVA(k) Nominal expenditure GDP GDTOT(k) Government real consumption Production block GOVSAV(k) Government saving D(i,k) Domestic sales of domestic output GOVREV(k) Government revenue E(i.ctyl,cty2) Bilateral exports HHT(k) Government transfers to households EK(i,k) Aggregate sectoral exports HSAV(k) Aggregate household savings INT(i,k) Intermediate demand HTAX(k) Household taxes M(i,cty],cty2) Bilateral imports ID(i,k) Investment demand (by sector of Q(i,k) Composite goods supply origin) SMQ(i,k,ctyl) Import value share in total sectoral INDTAX(k) Indirect tax revenue demand MPS(hh,k) Savings propensities by households X(i,k) Domestic output REMIT(k) Remittance income to households TARIPF(k,ctyl) Tariff revenue Factor block VATAX(k) Value added taxes AVWF(iff,k) Average wage with current weights YH(hh,k) Household income FDSC(i,iff,k) Factor demand by sector YINST(ins,k) Institutional income FPE(k) Total farm program expenditures ZPIX(k) Fixed aggregate real investment FS(iff,k) Factor supply ZTOT(k) Aggregate nominal investment FT(k) Factor tax rate WF(iff,k) Average factor price Externality effects WFDIST(i,iff,k) Factor differential SAD(i,k) Aggregate exports externality YFCTR(iff,k) Factor income parameter SAD2(i,k) Intermediate inputs externality parameter SAC(iff,k) Capital goods externality parameter EKPTL(k) Aggregate exports MKPTL(k) Capital goods imports Lewis, Robinson, and Wang ... In PAGE 69: ...Table2 1: Quantity Equations (1) X(i,k) = SAD(i,k)*SAD2(i,k)*AD2(i,k)*(SUM(iff,ALPHA2(i,iff,k)*FDSC(i,iff,k)**(-RHOP(i,k)))) **(-1IlRH0P(i,k)); (2) (1-ft(k))*WF(iff,k)*WFDIST(i,iff,k) = I - vatr(i,k))*pva(i,k)*SAD(i,k)*SAD2(i,k)*AD2(i,k) * ( SUM(f, ALPHA2(i,f,k) *FDSC(i ,f,k) **(-RHOP(i,k))))**((- I/RHOP(i,k))-I ) *ALPHA2(i,iff,k)*FDSC(i,iff,k)**(-RHOP(i,k)-1); (3) INT(i,k) = SUM(j, Io(i,j,k)*X(,k)); Model Specirication In addition to ten sectors for each country model, the model has four factors of production (two labor types, land, and capital), as identified in Table 18. The output-supply and input-demand equations are shown in Table 21.... In PAGE 69: ... In each economy, factors are not assumed to receive a uniform wage or quot;rental quot; (in the case of capital) across sectors; quot;factor market distortion quot; parameters (the WFDIST that appears in equation 2) are imposed that fix the ratio of the sectoral return to a factor relative to the economywide average return for that factor. Table2 2: Price Equations (4) PM(imi,k,ctyl) = PWM(imi,k,ctyl)*EXR(k) * (I + TM(imi,k,ctyl) + tm2(imi,k,ctyl) ); (5) PE(iei,k.cty1) = PWE(iei,k,c(yI) * (I - te(iei,k))*EXR(k); (6) PEK(ie,k) = SUM(ctyl$pt(k,ctyl), PE(i,k,ctyl) * E(i,k,ctyl) ) / EK(i,k); (7) PDA(i,k) = (1 - TX(i,k)) * PD(i,k); (8) PQ(i,k)*Q(i,k) = PD(i,k)*D(i.... In PAGE 71: ...Table2 3: Income and Expenditure Equations (14) YFCTR(iff,k) = SUM(i, (1 -ft(k))*WF(iff,k)*WFDIST(i,iff,k)*FDSC(i,iff,k)); (15) TARIFF(k,ctyl) = SUM(i$imi(i.k,cty1), TM(i,k,ctyl)*M(i,k,ctyl)*PWM(i,k,ctyl))*EXR(k); (16) PREM(i,k) = SUM(cty1 $imi(i,k,cty1), TM2(i,k,ctyl )*M(i,k,ctyl)*PWM(i,k,ctyl))*EXR(k); (17) INDTAX(k) = SUM(i, TX(i,k)*PD(i,k)*D(i,k)); (18) EXPTAX(k) = SUM((i,ctyl), te(i,k)*PWE(i,k,ctyl)*E(i,k,ctyl )*EXR(k)); (19) YINST( quot;labr quot;,k) = SUM(la, YFCTR(la,k)); (20) YINST( quot;enl quot;,k) = YFCTR(`capital quot;,k) + EXR(k)*FKAP(k) - ENTSAV(k) - ENTAX(k) + ENTT(k) + SUM(i ,( I-sprem(i,k))*PREM(i, k)); (21) YINST( quot;prop quot;.... In PAGE 72: ...Table2 4: Export and Externality Equations (42) X(iel,k) = AT(iel,k)*(GAMMAK(iel,k)*EK(iel,k)**(-RHOT(iel,k)) + (I - GAMMAK(iel,k))*D(iel,k) * apos;(-RHOT(iel ,k)))**(-l/RHOT(iel ,k)); (43) X(ien,k) = D(ien,k); (44) EK(iel,k) = D(ie I ,k)*(PDA(iel ,k)/PEK(iel .k)*GAMMAK(iel,k)/(I-GAMMAK(iel .... In PAGE 72: ... Increased aggregate exports yields a higher value of SAC, which is quot;embodied quot; in the capital stock input into the production process. Table2 5: AIDS Import Demand Equations (56) PM(i,k,k) = PD(i,k). (57) LOG(PQ(i.... In PAGE 73: ... The composite price index, PQ, is defined in equation 57 as a translog price index [Deaton and Muellbauer (1980)].33 Table2 6: Migration Relations (62) (AVWF(la,k)/EXR(k)) = wgdfl(la,k.la,l)*(AVWF(la,l)/EXR(l)) (63) FS(la,k) = FSO(la.... In PAGE 73: ... Domestic labor supply in each skill category in each country is then adjusted by the migrant labor flow (equation 63), while the other two equations insure that workers do not apos;disappear quot; or get quot;created quot; in the migration process. Table2 7: Market-Clearing Equations (66) Q(i,k) = INT(i,k) + CDD(i.k) + GD(i,k) + ID(i.... ..."

### Table 2: Sectoral Export and Import Shares in World Trade (Percent)

"... In PAGE 9: ...8 With a tremendous range in factor endowments and income levels among the APEC economies, there is ample scope for Heckscher-Ohlin forces (based on different factor endowments) to influence trade. Table2 presents the share of each region apos;s exports and imports in total world trade from the base data used in the model. The OECD economies dominate the machinery and equipment sector, while China and Korea amp; Taiwan are major participants in the textiles and apparel sectors (along with the EU).... ..."

### Table 8. Predicted Road Traffic Fatalities by Region (000s), Adjusted for Under- Reporting, 1990-2020

"... In PAGE 30: ...29 represents a 66% increase over the 2000 world estimate, the trend varies considerably across different regions of the world. Table8 and Figure 12 indicate that, between 2000 and 2020, fatalities are projected to increase by over 80% in developing countries, but decrease by nearly 30% in high-income countries. Within the developing world, the greatest percentage increases in traffic deaths between 2000 and 2020 will occur in South Asia (144% increase), followed by East Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa (both showing an 80% increase).... In PAGE 32: ...31 large differences between our base estimates and theirs, Murray and Lopez predict that global traffic fatalities will grow at approximately the same rate as the present projections. (Fatalities grow by 62% between 2000 and 2020 according to WHO and by 66% according to our estimates (see Table8 ).) We believe that Murray and Lopez (1996) have over-estimated road traffic fatalities and stand behind the estimates presented here.... ..."

### Table 7: Social Capital and Poverty Outcomes

1998

"... In PAGE 34: ... First, we estimate a probit model of the likelihood to be poor.21 The results indicate that social capital can significantly reduce the probability to be poor ( Table7 ).... ..."

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### Table 9: Traditional ways to release growth related stress in the world system The main message of the World Model, and of the books describing the model, is that the world economy should be managed towards a state of sustainable equilibrium. It is also claimed that quality of life near the physical or social limits, is far from comfortable (see

"... In PAGE 17: ... (This part is not show in the simplified figure above). Figure 8: Two phases of the World Model: Growth and Stress Forrester claims that the traditional ways to deal with physical and social stress ( Table9 ) are ... ..."