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Constant Time Factors Do Matter (Extended Abstract)
 In 25th ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing
, 1993
"... The constant speedup theorem, so well known from Turing machine based complexity theory, is shown false for a natural imperative programming language I that manipulates treestructured data. This relieves a tension between general programming practice, where linear factors are essential, and complex ..."
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Cited by 2 (0 self)
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The constant speedup theorem, so well known from Turing machine based complexity theory, is shown false for a natural imperative programming language I that manipulates treestructured data. This relieves a tension between general programming practice, where linear factors are essential
Bayes Factors
, 1995
"... In a 1935 paper, and in his book Theory of Probability, Jeffreys developed a methodology for quantifying the evidence in favor of a scientific theory. The centerpiece was a number, now called the Bayes factor, which is the posterior odds of the null hypothesis when the prior probability on the null ..."
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Cited by 1766 (74 self)
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In a 1935 paper, and in his book Theory of Probability, Jeffreys developed a methodology for quantifying the evidence in favor of a scientific theory. The centerpiece was a number, now called the Bayes factor, which is the posterior odds of the null hypothesis when the prior probability on the null
Time Discounting and Time Preference: A Critical Review
 Journal of Economic Literature
, 2002
"... www.people.cornell.edu/pages/edo1/. ..."
Better Schools Matter? Parental Valuation of Elementary Education,” Quarterly
 Journal of Economics
, 1999
"... The evaluation of numerous school reforms requires an understanding of the value of better schools. Given the difficulty of calculating the relationship between school quality and student outcomes, I turn to another method and use house prices to infer the value parents place on school quality. I lo ..."
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Cited by 486 (3 self)
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The evaluation of numerous school reforms requires an understanding of the value of better schools. Given the difficulty of calculating the relationship between school quality and student outcomes, I turn to another method and use house prices to infer the value parents place on school quality. I look within school districts at houses located on attendance district boundaries; houses then differ only by the elementary school the child attends. I thereby effectively remove the variation in neighborhoods, taxes, and school spending. I �nd that parents are willing to pay 2.5 percent more for a 5 percent increase in test scores. This �nding is robust to a number of sensitivity checks. I.
Internet time synchronization: The network time protocol
, 1989
"... This memo describes the Network Time Protocol (NTP) designed to distribute time information in a large, diverse internet system operating at speeds from mundane to lightwave. It uses a returnabletime architecture in which a distributed subnet of time servers operating in a selforganizing, hierarchi ..."
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Cited by 617 (15 self)
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This memo describes the Network Time Protocol (NTP) designed to distribute time information in a large, diverse internet system operating at speeds from mundane to lightwave. It uses a returnabletime architecture in which a distributed subnet of time servers operating in a self
Determining the Number of Factors in Approximate Factor Models
, 2000
"... In this paper we develop some statistical theory for factor models of large dimensions. The focus is the determination of the number of factors, which is an unresolved issue in the rapidly growing literature on multifactor models. We propose a panel Cp criterion and show that the number of factors c ..."
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Cited by 538 (29 self)
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In this paper we develop some statistical theory for factor models of large dimensions. The focus is the determination of the number of factors, which is an unresolved issue in the rapidly growing literature on multifactor models. We propose a panel Cp criterion and show that the number of factors
Factoring wavelet transforms into lifting steps
 J. Fourier Anal. Appl
, 1998
"... ABSTRACT. This paper is essentially tutorial in nature. We show how any discrete wavelet transform or two band subband filtering with finite filters can be decomposed into a finite sequence of simple filtering steps, which we call lifting steps but that are also known as ladder structures. This dec ..."
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Cited by 573 (8 self)
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. This decomposition corresponds to a factorization of the polyphase matrix of the wavelet or subband filters into elementary matrices. That such a factorization is possible is wellknown to algebraists (and expressed by the formula); it is also used in linear systems theory in the electrical engineering community. We
Do investmentcash flow sensitivities provide useful measures of financing constraints?
 QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS
, 1997
"... No. This paper investigates the relationship between financing constraints and investmentcash flow sensitivities by analyzing the firms identified by Fazzari, Hubbard, and Petersen as having unusually high investmentcash flow sensitivities. We Quarterlynd that firms that appear less Quarterlynanci ..."
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Cited by 656 (8 self)
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No. This paper investigates the relationship between financing constraints and investmentcash flow sensitivities by analyzing the firms identified by Fazzari, Hubbard, and Petersen as having unusually high investmentcash flow sensitivities. We Quarterlynd that firms that appear less Quarterlynancially constrained exhibit significantly greater sensitivities than firms that appear more financially constrained. We find this pattern for the entire sample period, subperiods, and individual years. These results (and simple theoretical arguments) suggest that higher sensitivities cannot be interpreted as evidence that firms are more financially constrained. These findings call into question the interpretation of most previous research that uses this methodology. “Our financial position is sound... Most of the company’s funds are generated by operations and these funds grew at an average annual rate of 29 % [over the past 3 years]. Throughout the company’s history this selffinancing concept has not been a constraint on the company’s growth. With recent growth restrained by depressed economic
The Unix TimeSharing System
 Communications of the ACM
, 1974
"... Unix is a generalpurpose, multiuser, interactive operating system for the larger Digital Equipment Corporation PDP11 and the Interdata 8/32 computers. It offers a number of features seldom found even in larger operating systems, including i A hierarchical file system incorporating demountable vol ..."
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Cited by 536 (14 self)
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Unix is a generalpurpose, multiuser, interactive operating system for the larger Digital Equipment Corporation PDP11 and the Interdata 8/32 computers. It offers a number of features seldom found even in larger operating systems, including i A hierarchical file system incorporating demountable volumes, ii Compatible file, device, and interprocess I/O, iii The ability to initiate asynchronous processes, iv System command language selectable on a peruser basis, v Over 100 subsystems including a dozen languages, vi High degree of portability. This paper discusses the nature and implementation of the file system and of the user command interface. I.
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