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Commonsense Reasoning meets Theorem Proving
"... Abstract. The area of commonsense reasoning aims at the creation of systems able to simulate the human way of rational thinking. This paper describes the use of automated reasoning methods for tackling commonsense reasoning benchmarks. For this we use a benchmark suite introduced in the literature. ..."
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Abstract. The area of commonsense reasoning aims at the creation of systems able to simulate the human way of rational thinking. This paper describes the use of automated reasoning methods for tackling commonsense reasoning benchmarks. For this we use a benchmark suite introduced in the literature
AgentSpeak(L): BDI Agents speak out in a logical computable language
, 1996
"... BeliefDesireIntention (BDI) agents have been investigated by many researchers from both a theoretical specification perspective and a practical design perspective. However, there still remains a large gap between theory and practice. The main reason for this has been the complexity of theoremprov ..."
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Cited by 514 (2 self)
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BeliefDesireIntention (BDI) agents have been investigated by many researchers from both a theoretical specification perspective and a practical design perspective. However, there still remains a large gap between theory and practice. The main reason for this has been the complexity of theoremproving
A New Method for Solving Hard Satisfiability Problems
 AAAI
, 1992
"... We introduce a greedy local search procedure called GSAT for solving propositional satisfiability problems. Our experiments show that this procedure can be used to solve hard, randomly generated problems that are an order of magnitude larger than those that can be handled by more traditional approac ..."
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Cited by 730 (21 self)
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discussed. GSAT is best viewed as a modelfinding procedure. Its good performance suggests that it may be advantageous to reformulate reasoning tasks that have traditionally been viewed as theoremproving problems as modelfinding tasks.
Guide to Elliptic Curve Cryptography
, 2004
"... Elliptic curves have been intensively studied in number theory and algebraic geometry for over 100 years and there is an enormous amount of literature on the subject. To quote the mathematician Serge Lang: It is possible to write endlessly on elliptic curves. (This is not a threat.) Elliptic curves ..."
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Cited by 610 (18 self)
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also figured prominently in the recent proof of Fermat's Last Theorem by Andrew Wiles. Originally pursued for purely aesthetic reasons, elliptic curves have recently been utilized in devising algorithms for factoring integers, primality proving, and in publickey cryptography. In this article, we
The Foundations of CostSensitive Learning
 In Proceedings of the Seventeenth International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence
, 2001
"... This paper revisits the problem of optimal learning and decisionmaking when different misclassification errors incur different penalties. We characterize precisely but intuitively when a cost matrix is reasonable, and we show how to avoid the mistake of defining a cost matrix that is economically i ..."
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Cited by 402 (6 self)
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incoherent. For the twoclass case, we prove a theorem that shows how to change the proportion of negative examples in a training set in order to make optimal costsensitive classification decisions using a classifier learned by a standard noncostsensitive learning method. However, we then argue
The Use of Explicit Plans to Guide Inductive Proofs
 9TH CONFERENCE ON AUTOMATED DEDUCTION
, 1988
"... We propose the use of explicit proof plans to guide the search for a proof in automatic theorem proving. By representing proof plans as the specifications of LCFlike tactics, [Gordon et al 79], and by recording these specifications in a sorted metalogic, we are able to reason about the conjectures ..."
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Cited by 295 (40 self)
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We propose the use of explicit proof plans to guide the search for a proof in automatic theorem proving. By representing proof plans as the specifications of LCFlike tactics, [Gordon et al 79], and by recording these specifications in a sorted metalogic, we are able to reason about
Theorem Proving with the Real Numbers
, 1996
"... This thesis discusses the use of the real numbers in theorem proving. Typically, theorem provers only support a few `discrete' datatypes such as the natural numbers. However the availability of the real numbers opens up many interesting and important application areas, such as the verification ..."
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Cited by 119 (13 self)
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This thesis discusses the use of the real numbers in theorem proving. Typically, theorem provers only support a few `discrete' datatypes such as the natural numbers. However the availability of the real numbers opens up many interesting and important application areas, such as the verification
Theorem Proving Modulo
 Journal of Automated Reasoning
"... Abstract. Deduction modulo is a way to remove computational arguments from proofs by reasoning modulo a congruence on propositions. Such a technique, issued from automated theorem proving, is of much wider interest because it permits to separate computations and deductions in a clean way. The first ..."
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Cited by 111 (18 self)
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Abstract. Deduction modulo is a way to remove computational arguments from proofs by reasoning modulo a congruence on propositions. Such a technique, issued from automated theorem proving, is of much wider interest because it permits to separate computations and deductions in a clean way. The first
The logic of constraint satisfaction
, 1992
"... The constraint satisfaction problem (CSP) formalization has been a productive tool within Artificial Intelligence and related areas. The finite CSP (FCSP) framework is presented here as a restricted logical calculus within a space of logical representation and reasoning systems. FCSP is formulated i ..."
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Cited by 265 (5 self)
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in a variety of logical settings: theorem proving in first order predicate calculus, propositional theorem proving (and hence SAT), the Prolog and Datalog approaches, constraint network algorithms, a logical interpreter for networks of constraints, the constraint logic programming (CLP) paradigm
Commonsense reasoning in and over natural language
 PROCEEDINGS OF THE 8TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON KNOWLEDGEBASED INTELLIGENT INFORMATION AND ENGINEERING SYSTEMS (KES2004
, 2004
"... ConceptNet is a very large semantic network of commonsense knowledge suitable for making various kinds of practical inferences over text. ConceptNet captures a wide range of commonsense concepts and relations like those in Cyc, while its simple semantic network structure lends it an easeofuse co ..."
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Cited by 50 (3 self)
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ofuse comparable to WordNet. To meet the dual challenge of having to encode complex higherorder concepts, and maintaining easeofuse, we introduce a novel use of semistructured natural language fragments as the knowledge representation of commonsense concepts. In this paper, we present a methodology
Results 1  10
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