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Panel Cointegration; Asymptotic and Finite Sample Properties of Pooled Time Series Tests, With an Application to the PPP Hypothesis; New Results. Working paper
, 1997
"... We examine properties of residualbased tests for the null of no cointegration for dynamic panels in which both the shortrun dynamics and the longrun slope coefficients are permitted to be heterogeneous across individual members of the panel+ The tests also allow for individual heterogeneous fixed ..."
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Cited by 499 (13 self)
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and power performance, and we illustrate their use in testing purchasing power parity for the post–Bretton Woods period+ 1.
Iterative decoding of binary block and convolutional codes
 IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory
, 1996
"... Abstract Iterative decoding of twodimensional systematic convolutional codes has been termed “turbo ” (de)coding. Using loglikelihood algebra, we show that any decoder can he used which accepts soft inputsincluding a priori valuesand delivers soft outputs that can he split into three terms: the ..."
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Cited by 600 (43 self)
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and convolutional codes for lower rates less than 213. Any combination of block and convolutional component codes is possible. Several interleaving techniques are described. At a bit error rate (BER) of lo * the performance is slightly above or around the bounds given by the cutoff rate for reasonably simple block
Global Optimization with Polynomials and the Problem of Moments
 SIAM Journal on Optimization
, 2001
"... We consider the problem of finding the unconstrained global minimum of a realvalued polynomial p(x) : R R, as well as the global minimum of p(x), in a compact set K defined by polynomial inequalities. It is shown that this problem reduces to solving an (often finite) sequence of convex linear mat ..."
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Cited by 569 (47 self)
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We consider the problem of finding the unconstrained global minimum of a realvalued polynomial p(x) : R R, as well as the global minimum of p(x), in a compact set K defined by polynomial inequalities. It is shown that this problem reduces to solving an (often finite) sequence of convex linear
Estimation and Inference in Econometrics
, 1993
"... The astonishing increase in computer performance over the past two decades has made it possible for economists to base many statistical inferences on simulated, or bootstrap, distributions rather than on distributions obtained from asymptotic theory. In this paper, I review some of the basic ideas o ..."
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Cited by 1151 (3 self)
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The astonishing increase in computer performance over the past two decades has made it possible for economists to base many statistical inferences on simulated, or bootstrap, distributions rather than on distributions obtained from asymptotic theory. In this paper, I review some of the basic ideas
The process group approach to reliable distributed computing
 Communications of the ACM
, 1993
"... The difficulty of developing reliable distributed softwme is an impediment to applying distributed computing technology in many settings. Expeti _ with the Isis system suggests that a structured approach based on virtually synchronous _ groups yields systems that are substantially easier to develop, ..."
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Cited by 573 (19 self)
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The difficulty of developing reliable distributed softwme is an impediment to applying distributed computing technology in many settings. Expeti _ with the Isis system suggests that a structured approach based on virtually synchronous _ groups yields systems that are substantially easier to develop
Software pipelining: An effective scheduling technique for VLIW machines
, 1988
"... This paper shows that software pipelining is an effective and viable scheduling technique for VLIW processors. In software pipelining, iterations of a loop in the source program are continuously initiated at constant intervals, before the preceding iterations complete. The advantage of software pipe ..."
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Cited by 579 (3 self)
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hierarchical reduction scheme whereby entire control constructs are reduced to an object similar to an operation in a basic block. With this scheme, all innermost loops, including those containing conditional statements, can be software pipelined. It also diminishes the startup cost of loops with small
Convex Analysis
, 1970
"... In this book we aim to present, in a unified framework, a broad spectrum of mathematical theory that has grown in connection with the study of problems of optimization, equilibrium, control, and stability of linear and nonlinear systems. The title Variational Analysis reflects this breadth. For a lo ..."
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Cited by 5350 (67 self)
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was the exploration of variations around a point, within the bounds imposed by the constraints, in order to help characterize solutions and portray them in terms of ‘variational principles’. Notions of perturbation, approximation and even generalized differentiability were extensively investigated. Variational theory
Stochastic Perturbation Theory
, 1988
"... . In this paper classical matrix perturbation theory is approached from a probabilistic point of view. The perturbed quantity is approximated by a firstorder perturbation expansion, in which the perturbation is assumed to be random. This permits the computation of statistics estimating the variatio ..."
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Cited by 886 (35 self)
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the variation in the perturbed quantity. Up to the higherorder terms that are ignored in the expansion, these statistics tend to be more realistic than perturbation bounds obtained in terms of norms. The technique is applied to a number of problems in matrix perturbation theory, including least squares
The information bottleneck method
 University of Illinois
, 1999
"... We define the relevant information in a signal x ∈ X as being the information that this signal provides about another signal y ∈ Y. Examples include the information that face images provide about the names of the people portrayed, or the information that speech sounds provide about the words spoken. ..."
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Cited by 545 (38 self)
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about Y through a ‘bottleneck ’ formed by a limited set of codewords ˜X. This constrained optimization problem can be seen as a generalization of rate distortion theory in which the distortion measure d(x, ˜x) emerges from the joint statistics of X and Y. This approach yields an exact set of self
Semantic Similarity in a Taxonomy: An InformationBased Measure and its Application to Problems of Ambiguity in Natural Language
, 1999
"... This article presents a measure of semantic similarityinanisa taxonomy based on the notion of shared information content. Experimental evaluation against a benchmark set of human similarity judgments demonstrates that the measure performs better than the traditional edgecounting approach. The a ..."
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Cited by 601 (9 self)
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This article presents a measure of semantic similarityinanisa taxonomy based on the notion of shared information content. Experimental evaluation against a benchmark set of human similarity judgments demonstrates that the measure performs better than the traditional edgecounting approach
Results 1  10
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