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Cloud Computing and Emerging IT Platforms: Vision, Hype, and Reality for Delivering Computing as the 5th Utility
"... With the significant advances in Information and Communications Technology (ICT) over the last half century, there is an increasingly perceived vision that computing will one day be the 5th utility (after water, electricity, gas, and telephony). This computing utility, like all other four existing u ..."
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Cited by 620 (62 self)
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utilities, will provide the basic level of computing service that is considered essential to meet the everyday needs of the general community. To deliver this vision, a number of computing paradigms have been proposed, of which the latest one is known as Cloud computing. Hence, in this paper, we define
What Can Economists Learn from Happiness Research?
 FORTHCOMING IN JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC LITERATURE
, 2002
"... Happiness is generally considered to be an ultimate goal in life; virtually everybody wants to be happy. The United States Declaration of Independence of 1776 takes it as a selfevident truth that the “pursuit of happiness” is an “unalienable right”, comparable to life and liberty. It follows that e ..."
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Cited by 517 (24 self)
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Happiness is generally considered to be an ultimate goal in life; virtually everybody wants to be happy. The United States Declaration of Independence of 1776 takes it as a selfevident truth that the “pursuit of happiness” is an “unalienable right”, comparable to life and liberty. It follows that economics is – or should be – about individual happiness. In particular, the question is how do economic growth, unemployment and inflation, as well as institutional factors such as good governance, affect individual wellbeing? In addition to this intrinsic interest, there are three major reasons for economists to consider happiness. The first is economic policy. At the microlevel, it is often impossible to make a Paretooptimal proposal, because a social action entails costs for some individuals. Hence an evaluation of the net effects, in terms of individual utilities, is needed. On an aggregate level, economic policy must deal with tradeoffs, especially those between unemployment and
A Critical Point For Random Graphs With A Given Degree Sequence
, 2000
"... Given a sequence of nonnegative real numbers 0 ; 1 ; : : : which sum to 1, we consider random graphs having approximately i n vertices of degree i. Essentially, we show that if P i(i \Gamma 2) i ? 0 then such graphs almost surely have a giant component, while if P i(i \Gamma 2) i ! 0 the ..."
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Cited by 511 (8 self)
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Given a sequence of nonnegative real numbers 0 ; 1 ; : : : which sum to 1, we consider random graphs having approximately i n vertices of degree i. Essentially, we show that if P i(i \Gamma 2) i ? 0 then such graphs almost surely have a giant component, while if P i(i \Gamma 2) i ! 0
Improved prediction of signal peptides  SignalP 3.0
 J. MOL. BIOL.
, 2004
"... We describe improvements of the currently most popular method for prediction of classically secreted proteins, SignalP. SignalP consists of two different predictors based on neural network and hidden Markov model algorithms, where both components have been updated. Motivated by the idea that the cle ..."
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Cited by 655 (7 self)
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version 2. In version 3, correctness of the cleavage site predictions have increased notably for all three organism groups, eukaryotes, Gramnegative and Grampositive bacteria. The accuracy of cleavage site prediction has increased in the range from 617 % over the previous version, whereas the signal
The irreducibility of the space of curves of given genus
 Publ. Math. IHES
, 1969
"... Fix an algebraically closed field k. Let Mg be the moduli space of curves of genus g over k. The main result of this note is that Mg is irreducible for every k. Of course, whether or not M s is irreducible depends only on the characteristic of k. When the characteristic s o, we can assume that k ~ ..."
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Cited by 512 (2 self)
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~ (1, and then the result is classical. A simple proof appears in EnriquesChisini [E, vol. 3, chap. 3], based on analyzing the totality of coverings of p1 of degree n, with a fixed number d of ordinary branch points. This method has been extended to char. p by William Fulton [F], using specializations
LogP: Towards a Realistic Model of Parallel Computation
, 1993
"... A vast body of theoretical research has focused either on overly simplistic models of parallel computation, notably the PRAM, or overly specific models that have few representatives in the real world. Both kinds of models encourage exploitation of formal loopholes, rather than rewarding developme ..."
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Cited by 562 (15 self)
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development of techniques that yield performance across a range of current and future parallel machines. This paper offers a new parallel machine model, called LogP, that reflects the critical technology trends underlying parallel computers. It is intended to serve as a basis for developing fast, portable
A Framework for Uplink Power Control in Cellular Radio Systems
 IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications
, 1996
"... In cellular wireless communication systems, transmitted power is regulated to provide each user an acceptable connection by limiting the interference caused by other users. Several models have been considered including: (1) fixed base station assignment where the assignment of users to base stations ..."
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Cited by 636 (18 self)
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stations is fixed, (2) minimum power assignment where a user is iteratively assigned to the base station at which its signal to interference ratio is highest, and (3) diversity reception, where a user's signal is combined from several or perhaps all base stations. For the above models, the uplink
LIBSVM: a Library for Support Vector Machines
, 2001
"... LIBSVM is a library for support vector machines (SVM). Its goal is to help users can easily use SVM as a tool. In this document, we present all its implementation details. 1 ..."
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Cited by 6287 (82 self)
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LIBSVM is a library for support vector machines (SVM). Its goal is to help users can easily use SVM as a tool. In this document, we present all its implementation details. 1
Bayesian Data Analysis
, 1995
"... I actually own a copy of Harold Jeffreys’s Theory of Probability but have only read small bits of it, most recently over a decade ago to confirm that, indeed, Jeffreys was not too proud to use a classical chisquared pvalue when he wanted to check the misfit of a model to data (Gelman, Meng and Ste ..."
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Cited by 2132 (59 self)
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the following: (1) in thinking about prior distributions, we should go beyond Jeffreys’s principles and move toward weakly informative priors; (2) it is natural for those of us who work in social and computational sciences to favor complex models, contra Jeffreys’s preference for simplicity; and (3) a key
Inside the black box: Raising standards through classroom assessment
 Phi Delta Kappan
, 1998
"... Raising the standards of learning that are achieved through school education is an important national priority. Governments have been vigorous in the last ten years in making changes in pursuit of this aim. National curriculum testing, the development of the GCSE, league tables of school performance ..."
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Cited by 533 (7 self)
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in classrooms. Here, teachers have to manage complicated and demanding situations, channelling the personal, emotional and social pressures amongst a group of 30 or so youngsters in order to help them to learn now, and to become better learners in the future. Standards can only be raised if teachers can tackle
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