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Partial Functions
"... this article we prove some auxiliary theorems and schemes related to the articles: [1] and [2]. MML Identifier: PARTFUN1. WWW: http://mizar.org/JFM/Vol1/partfun1.html The articles [4], [6], [3], [5], [7], [8], and [1] provide the notation and terminology for this paper. We adopt the following rules ..."
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Cited by 492 (10 self)
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rules: x, y, y 1 , y 2 , z, z 1 , z 2 denote sets, P , Q, X , X 0 , X 1 , X 2 , Y , Y 0 , Y 1 , Y 2 , V , Z denote sets, and C, D denote non empty sets. We now state three propositions: (1) If P ` [: X 1
The Concept of a Linguistic Variable and its Application to Approximate Reasoning
 Journal of Information Science
, 1975
"... By a linguistic variable we mean a variable whose values are words or sentences in a natural or artificial language. I:or example, Age is a linguistic variable if its values are linguistic rather than numerical, i.e., young, not young, very young, quite young, old, not very oldand not very young, et ..."
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Cited by 1430 (9 self)
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rule which generates the terms in T(z); and M is a semantic rule which associates with each linguistic value X its meaning, M(X), where M(X) denotes a fuzzy subset of U The meaning of a linguistic value X is characterized by a compatibility function, c: l / + [0, I], which associates with each u in U
The Dantzig selector: statistical estimation when p is much larger than n
, 2005
"... In many important statistical applications, the number of variables or parameters p is much larger than the number of observations n. Suppose then that we have observations y = Ax + z, where x ∈ R p is a parameter vector of interest, A is a data matrix with possibly far fewer rows than columns, n ≪ ..."
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Cited by 879 (14 self)
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In many important statistical applications, the number of variables or parameters p is much larger than the number of observations n. Suppose then that we have observations y = Ax + z, where x ∈ R p is a parameter vector of interest, A is a data matrix with possibly far fewer rows than columns, n
The homogeneous coordinate ring of a toric variety
, 1992
"... This paper will introduce the homogeneous coordinate ring S of a toric variety X. The ring S is a polynomial ring with one variable for each onedimensional cone in the fan ∆ determining X, and S has a natural grading determined by the monoid of effective divisor classes in the Chow group An−1(X) of ..."
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Cited by 474 (7 self)
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be constructed as the quotient (C n+1 −{0})/C ∗. In §2, we will see that there is a similar construction for any toric variety X. In this case, the algebraic group G = HomZ(An−1(X), C ∗ ) acts on an affine space C ∆(1) such that the categorical quotient (C ∆(1) − Z)/G exists and is isomorphic to X
On the bursty evolution of Blogspace
, 2003
"... O)( 1 #$ #+&PQ+&,0,/RP 2 ":9:0/ +%&P &.F0, )& ;)S O)( 1 #$ #+&PQ+&,0,/RP 2 ":9:0/ +% # O,<&7& =1 P &7"U;(Z ;>A@CB;D,[\D]K,D?^_ B`Bba]@C>Ac >AG8H$^2d)@C]E 9='0,*+82 &e " & Q (T0 U;Ub%&7*',#$ %& :3 Q ..."
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Cited by 365 (8 self)
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O)( 1 #$ #+&PQ+&,0,/RP 2 ":9:0/ +%&P &.F0, )& ;)S O)( 1 #$ #+&PQ+&,0,/RP 2 ":9:0/ +% # O,<&7& =1 P &7"U;(Z ;>A@CB;D,[\D]K,D?^_ B`Bba]@C>Ac >AG8H$^2d)@C]E 9='0,*+82 &e " & Q (T0 U;Ub%&7*',#$ %& :3
SelfTesting/Correcting with Applications to Numerical Problems
, 1990
"... Suppose someone gives us an extremely fast program P that we can call as a black box to compute a function f . Should we trust that P works correctly? A selftesting/correcting pair allows us to: (1) estimate the probability that P (x) 6= f(x) when x is randomly chosen; (2) on any input x, compute ..."
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Cited by 361 (27 self)
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, California 94704 z Computer Science Division, U.C. Berkeley, Berkeley, California 94720, Supported by an IBM Graduate Fellowship and NSF Grant No. CCR 8813632. the original running time of P . We present general techniques for constructing simple to program selftesting /correcting pairs for a variety
A steepest descent method for oscillatory Riemann–Hilbert problems: asymptotics for the MKdV equation
 Ann. of Math
, 1993
"... In this announcement we present a general and new approach to analyzing the asymptotics of oscillatory RiemannHilbert problems. Such problems arise, in particular, in evaluating the longtime behavior of nonlinear wave equations solvable by the inverse scattering method. We will restrict ourselves ..."
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Cited by 303 (27 self)
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for the MKdV equation leads to a RiemannHilbert factorization problem for a 2 × 2 matrix valued function m = m(·; x, t) analytic in C\R, (1) where m+(z) = m−(z)vx,t, z ∈ R, m(z) → I as z → ∞, m±(z) = lim ε↓0 m(z ± iε; x, t), vx,t(z) ≡ e −i(4tz3 +xz)σ3 v(z)e i(4tz 3 +xz)σ3, σ3 =
Shape from Shading: A Survey
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PATTERN ANALYSIS AND MACHINE INTELLIGENCE
, 1999
"... ... this paper, six wellknown SFS algorithms are implemented and compared. The performance of the algorithms was analyzed on synthetic images using mean and standard deviation of depth (Z) error, mean of surface gradient (p, q) error, and CPU timing. Each algorithm works well for certain images, ..."
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Cited by 305 (1 self)
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... this paper, six wellknown SFS algorithms are implemented and compared. The performance of the algorithms was analyzed on synthetic images using mean and standard deviation of depth (Z) error, mean of surface gradient (p, q) error, and CPU timing. Each algorithm works well for certain images
Quantitative universality for a class of nonlinear Transformations
 J. Statistical Physics
, 1978
"... A large class of recursion relations xn+l = Af(xn) exhibiting infinite bifurcation is shown to possess a rich quantitative structure essentially independent of the recursion function. The functions considered all have a unique differentiable maximum 2. With f(2) f(x) ~ Ix 21 " (for Ix 21 su ..."
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Cited by 263 (0 self)
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sufficiently small), z> 1, the universal details depend only upon z. In particular, the local structure of highorder stability sets is shown to approach universality, rescaling in successive bifurcations, asymptotically by the ratio c ~ (a = 2.5029078750957... for z = 2). This structure is determined by a
Improved Localization of Cortical Activity by Combining EEG and MEG with MRI Cortical Surface Reconstruction: A Linear Approach
 J. Cogn. Neurosci
, 1993
"... We describe a comprehensive linear approach to the prob lem of imaging brain activity with high temporal as well as spatial resolution based on combining EEG and MEG data with anatomical constraints derived from MRI images. The "inverse problem" of estimating the distribution of dipole st ..."
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Cited by 263 (19 self)
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strengths over the conical surface is highly nnderdetermined, even given closely spaced EEG and MEG recordings. ',x.'c h:,vc obtained much better solutions to this problem by explicitly incorporating both local cortical orientation as well as spatial covariance of sources and sensors into our
Results 1  10
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