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The effect of national culture on the choice of entry mode
 Journal of International Business Studies
, 1988
"... Abstract. Characteristics of national cultures have frequently been claimed to influence the selection of entry modes. This article investigates this claim by developing a theoretical argument for why culture should influence the choice of entry. Two hypotheses are derived which relate culture to en ..."
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Cited by 595 (0 self)
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to *Bruce Kogut is a Visiting Professor at the Institute of International Business at the Stockholm School of Economics and is on leave from the Wharton School. *"*Harbir Singh is an Associate Professor of Management at the Wharton School of Business. His prior research is on corporate acquisitions
Classification in the KLONE knowledge representation system
 COGNITIVE SCIENCE
, 1985
"... KLONE lets one define and use a class of descriptive terms called Concepts, where each Concept denotes a set of objects A subsumption relation between Concepts is defined which is related to set inclusion by way of a semantics for Concepts. This subsumption relation defines a partial order on Conce ..."
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Cited by 676 (8 self)
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KLONE lets one define and use a class of descriptive terms called Concepts, where each Concept denotes a set of objects A subsumption relation between Concepts is defined which is related to set inclusion by way of a semantics for Concepts. This subsumption relation defines a partial order on Concepts, and KLONE organizes all Concepts into a taxonomy that reflects this partial order. Classification is a process that takes a new Concept and determines other Concepts that either subsume it or that it subsumes, thereby determining the location for the new Concept within a given taxonomy. We discuss these issues and demonstrate some uses of the classification algorithm.
A Critical Point For Random Graphs With A Given Degree Sequence
, 2000
"... Given a sequence of nonnegative real numbers 0 ; 1 ; : : : which sum to 1, we consider random graphs having approximately i n vertices of degree i. Essentially, we show that if P i(i \Gamma 2) i ? 0 then such graphs almost surely have a giant component, while if P i(i \Gamma 2) i ! 0 the ..."
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Cited by 511 (8 self)
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Given a sequence of nonnegative real numbers 0 ; 1 ; : : : which sum to 1, we consider random graphs having approximately i n vertices of degree i. Essentially, we show that if P i(i \Gamma 2) i ? 0 then such graphs almost surely have a giant component, while if P i(i \Gamma 2) i ! 0 then almost surely all components in such graphs are small. We can apply these results to G n;p ; G n;M , and other wellknown models of random graphs. There are also applications related to the chromatic number of sparse random graphs.
Timing Attacks on Implementations of DiffieHellman, RSA, DSS, and Other Systems
, 1996
"... By carefully measuring the amount of time required to perform private key operations, attackers may be able to find fixed DiffieHellman exponents, factor RSA keys, and break other cryptosystems. Against a vulnerable system, the attack is computationally inexpensive and often requires only known cip ..."
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Cited by 644 (3 self)
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By carefully measuring the amount of time required to perform private key operations, attackers may be able to find fixed DiffieHellman exponents, factor RSA keys, and break other cryptosystems. Against a vulnerable system, the attack is computationally inexpensive and often requires only known ciphertext. Actual systems are potentially at risk, including cryptographic tokens, networkbased cryptosystems, and other applications where attackers can make reasonably accurate timing measurements. Techniques for preventing the attack for RSA and DiffieHellman are presented. Some cryptosystems will need to be revised to protect against the attack, and new protocols and algorithms may need to incorporate measures to prevent timing attacks.
New empirical relationships among magnitude, rupture length, rupture width, rupture area, and surface
, 1994
"... Abstract Source parameters for historical earthquakes worldwide are compiled to develop a series of empirical relationships among moment magnitude (M), surface rupture length, subsurface rupture length, downdip rupture width, rupture area, and maximum and average displacement per event. The resultin ..."
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Cited by 524 (0 self)
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Abstract Source parameters for historical earthquakes worldwide are compiled to develop a series of empirical relationships among moment magnitude (M), surface rupture length, subsurface rupture length, downdip rupture width, rupture area, and maximum and average displacement per event. The resulting data base is a significant update of previous compilations and includes the additional source parameters of seismic moment, moment magnitude, subsurface rupture length, downdip rupture width, and average surface displacement. Each source parameter is classified as reliable or unreliable, based on our evaluation of the accuracy of individual values. Only the reliable source parameters are used in the final analyses. In comparing source parameters, we note the following trends: (1) Generally, the length of rupture at the surface is equal to 75% of the subsurface rupture length; however, the ratio of surface rupture length to subsurface rupture length increases with magnitude; (2) the average surface displacement per event is about onehalf the maximum surface displacement per event; and (3) the average subsurface displacement on the fault plane is less
A LongMemory Property of Stock Market Returns and a New Model
 Journal of Empirical Finance
, 1993
"... A ‘long memory ’ property of stock market returns is investigated in this paper. It is found that not only there is substantially more correlation between absolute returns than returns themselves, but the power transformation of the absolute return lrfl ” also has quite high autocorrelation for lo ..."
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Cited by 606 (21 self)
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A ‘long memory ’ property of stock market returns is investigated in this paper. It is found that not only there is substantially more correlation between absolute returns than returns themselves, but the power transformation of the absolute return lrfl ” also has quite high autocorrelation for long lags. It is possible to characterize lrfld to be ‘long memory ’ and this property is strongest when d is around 1. This result appears to argue against ARCH type specifications based upon squared returns. But our MonteCarlo study shows that both ARCH type models based on squared returns and those based on absolute return can produce this property. A new general class of models is proposed which allows the power 6 of the heteroskedasticity equation to be estimated from the data. 1.
Exact Sampling with Coupled Markov Chains and Applications to Statistical Mechanics
, 1996
"... For many applications it is useful to sample from a finite set of objects in accordance with some particular distribution. One approach is to run an ergodic (i.e., irreducible aperiodic) Markov chain whose stationary distribution is the desired distribution on this set; after the Markov chain has ..."
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Cited by 548 (13 self)
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For many applications it is useful to sample from a finite set of objects in accordance with some particular distribution. One approach is to run an ergodic (i.e., irreducible aperiodic) Markov chain whose stationary distribution is the desired distribution on this set; after the Markov chain has run for M steps, with M sufficiently large, the distribution governing the state of the chain approximates the desired distribution. Unfortunately it can be difficult to determine how large M needs to be. We describe a simple variant of this method that determines on its own when to stop, and that outputs samples in exact accordance with the desired distribution. The method uses couplings, which have also played a role in other sampling schemes; however, rather than running the coupled chains from the present into the future, one runs from a distant point in the past up until the present, where the distance into the past that one needs to go is determined during the running of the al...
Face Recognition: A Literature Survey
, 2000
"... ... This paper provides an uptodate critical survey of still and videobased face recognition research. There are two underlying motivations for us to write this survey paper: the first is to provide an uptodate review of the existing literature, and the second is to offer some insights into ..."
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Cited by 1363 (21 self)
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... This paper provides an uptodate critical survey of still and videobased face recognition research. There are two underlying motivations for us to write this survey paper: the first is to provide an uptodate review of the existing literature, and the second is to offer some insights into the studies of machine recognition of faces. To provide a comprehensive survey, we not only categorize existing recognition techniques but also present detailed descriptions of representative methods within each category. In addition,
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