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Where the REALLY Hard Problems Are
 IN J. MYLOPOULOS AND R. REITER (EDS.), PROCEEDINGS OF 12TH INTERNATIONAL JOINT CONFERENCE ON AI (IJCAI91),VOLUME 1
, 1991
"... It is well known that for many NPcomplete problems, such as KSat, etc., typical cases are easy to solve; so that computationally hard cases must be rare (assuming P != NP). This paper shows that NPcomplete problems can be summarized by at least one "order parameter", and that the hard p ..."
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Cited by 681 (1 self)
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It is well known that for many NPcomplete problems, such as KSat, etc., typical cases are easy to solve; so that computationally hard cases must be rare (assuming P != NP). This paper shows that NPcomplete problems can be summarized by at least one "order parameter", and that the hard
The Hungarian method for the assignment problem
 Naval Res. Logist. Quart
, 1955
"... Assuming that numerical scores are available for the performance of each of n persons on each of n jobs, the "assignment problem" is the quest for an assignment of persons to jobs so that the sum of the n scores so obtained is as large as possible. It is shown that ideas latent in the work ..."
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Cited by 1238 (0 self)
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Assuming that numerical scores are available for the performance of each of n persons on each of n jobs, the "assignment problem" is the quest for an assignment of persons to jobs so that the sum of the n scores so obtained is as large as possible. It is shown that ideas latent
Global Optimization with Polynomials and the Problem of Moments
 SIAM Journal on Optimization
, 2001
"... We consider the problem of finding the unconstrained global minimum of a realvalued polynomial p(x) : R R, as well as the global minimum of p(x), in a compact set K defined by polynomial inequalities. It is shown that this problem reduces to solving an (often finite) sequence of convex linear mat ..."
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Cited by 569 (47 self)
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We consider the problem of finding the unconstrained global minimum of a realvalued polynomial p(x) : R R, as well as the global minimum of p(x), in a compact set K defined by polynomial inequalities. It is shown that this problem reduces to solving an (often finite) sequence of convex linear
Nonlinear component analysis as a kernel eigenvalue problem

, 1996
"... We describe a new method for performing a nonlinear form of Principal Component Analysis. By the use of integral operator kernel functions, we can efficiently compute principal components in highdimensional feature spaces, related to input space by some nonlinear map; for instance the space of all ..."
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Cited by 1554 (85 self)
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We describe a new method for performing a nonlinear form of Principal Component Analysis. By the use of integral operator kernel functions, we can efficiently compute principal components in highdimensional feature spaces, related to input space by some nonlinear map; for instance the space of all possible 5pixel products in 16x16 images. We give the derivation of the method, along with a discussion of other techniques which can be made nonlinear with the kernel approach; and present first experimental results on nonlinear feature extraction for pattern recognition.
Improved Approximation Algorithms for Maximum Cut and Satisfiability Problems Using Semidefinite Programming
 Journal of the ACM
, 1995
"... We present randomized approximation algorithms for the maximum cut (MAX CUT) and maximum 2satisfiability (MAX 2SAT) problems that always deliver solutions of expected value at least .87856 times the optimal value. These algorithms use a simple and elegant technique that randomly rounds the solution ..."
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Cited by 1231 (13 self)
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We present randomized approximation algorithms for the maximum cut (MAX CUT) and maximum 2satisfiability (MAX 2SAT) problems that always deliver solutions of expected value at least .87856 times the optimal value. These algorithms use a simple and elegant technique that randomly rounds
The broadcast storm problem in a mobile ad hoc network
 ACM Wireless Networks
, 2002
"... Broadcasting is a common operation in a network to resolve many issues. In a mobile ad hoc network (MANET) in particular, due to host mobility, such operations are expected to be executed more frequently (such as finding a route to a particular host, paging a particular host, and sending an alarm s ..."
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Cited by 1217 (15 self)
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signal). Because radio signals are likely to overlap with others in a geographical area, a straightforward broadcasting by flooding is usually very costly and will result in serious redundancy, contention, and collision, to which we refer as the broadcast storm problem. In this paper, we iden
The Twin Crises: The Causes of Banking and BalanceofPayments Problems
"... In the wake of the Mexican and Asian currency turmoil, the subject of financial crises has come to the forefront of academic and policy discussions. This paper analyzes the links between banking and currency crises. We find that: problems in the banking sector typically precede a currency crisis—the ..."
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Cited by 890 (27 self)
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In the wake of the Mexican and Asian currency turmoil, the subject of financial crises has come to the forefront of academic and policy discussions. This paper analyzes the links between banking and currency crises. We find that: problems in the banking sector typically precede a currency crisis
Risk and protective factors for alcohol and other drug problems in adolescence and early adulthood: Implications for substance abuse prevention
 Psychological Bulletin
, 1992
"... The authors suggest that the most promising route to effective strategies for the prevention of adolescent alcohol and other drug problems is through a riskfocused approach. This approach requires the identification of risk factors for drug abuse, identification of methods by which risk factors hav ..."
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Cited by 693 (18 self)
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The authors suggest that the most promising route to effective strategies for the prevention of adolescent alcohol and other drug problems is through a riskfocused approach. This approach requires the identification of risk factors for drug abuse, identification of methods by which risk factors
A Bayesian method for the induction of probabilistic networks from data
 MACHINE LEARNING
, 1992
"... This paper presents a Bayesian method for constructing probabilistic networks from databases. In particular, we focus on constructing Bayesian belief networks. Potential applications include computerassisted hypothesis testing, automated scientific discovery, and automated construction of probabili ..."
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Cited by 1381 (32 self)
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of probabilistic expert systems. We extend the basic method to handle missing data and hidden (latent) variables. We show how to perform probabilistic inference by averaging over the inferences of multiple belief networks. Results are presented of a preliminary evaluation of an algorithm for constructing a belief
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