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Automatic Model Selection in Costsensitive Boosting
 Information Fusion
, 2003
"... This paper introduces SSTBoost, a predictive classification methodology designed to target the accuracy of a modified boosting algorithm towards required sensitivity and specificity constraints. The SSTBoost method is demonstrated in practice for the automated medical diagnosis of cancer on a set of ..."
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Cited by 7 (0 self)
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of skin lesions (42 melanomas and 110 naevi) described by geometric and colorimetric features. A costsensitive variant of the AdaBoost agorithm is combined with a procedure for the automatic selection of optimal cost paxameters. Within each boosting step, different weights are considered for errors
An Efficient Boosting Algorithm for Combining Preferences
, 1999
"... The problem of combining preferences arises in several applications, such as combining the results of different search engines. This work describes an efficient algorithm for combining multiple preferences. We first give a formal framework for the problem. We then describe and analyze a new boosting ..."
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Cited by 707 (18 self)
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boosting algorithm for combining preferences called RankBoost. We also describe an efficient implementation of the algorithm for certain natural cases. We discuss two experiments we carried out to assess the performance of RankBoost. In the first experiment, we used the algorithm to combine different WWW
Additive Logistic Regression: a Statistical View of Boosting
 Annals of Statistics
, 1998
"... Boosting (Freund & Schapire 1996, Schapire & Singer 1998) is one of the most important recent developments in classification methodology. The performance of many classification algorithms can often be dramatically improved by sequentially applying them to reweighted versions of the input dat ..."
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Cited by 1719 (25 self)
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data, and taking a weighted majority vote of the sequence of classifiers thereby produced. We show that this seemingly mysterious phenomenon can be understood in terms of well known statistical principles, namely additive modeling and maximum likelihood. For the twoclass problem, boosting can
Greedy Function Approximation: A Gradient Boosting Machine
 Annals of Statistics
, 2000
"... Function approximation is viewed from the perspective of numerical optimization in function space, rather than parameter space. A connection is made between stagewise additive expansions and steepest{descent minimization. A general gradient{descent \boosting" paradigm is developed for additi ..."
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Cited by 951 (12 self)
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additive components are regression trees, and tools for interpreting such \TreeBoost" models are presented. Gradient boosting of regression trees produces competitive, highly robust, interpretable procedures for both regression and classication, especially appropriate for mining less than clean
Boosting a Weak Learning Algorithm By Majority
, 1995
"... We present an algorithm for improving the accuracy of algorithms for learning binary concepts. The improvement is achieved by combining a large number of hypotheses, each of which is generated by training the given learning algorithm on a different set of examples. Our algorithm is based on ideas pr ..."
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Cited by 516 (15 self)
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We present an algorithm for improving the accuracy of algorithms for learning binary concepts. The improvement is achieved by combining a large number of hypotheses, each of which is generated by training the given learning algorithm on a different set of examples. Our algorithm is based on ideas presented by Schapire in his paper "The strength of weak learnability", and represents an improvement over his results. The analysis of our algorithm provides general upper bounds on the resources required for learning in Valiant's polynomial PAC learning framework, which are the best general upper bounds known today. We show that the number of hypotheses that are combined by our algorithm is the smallest number possible. Other outcomes of our analysis are results regarding the representational power of threshold circuits, the relation between learnability and compression, and a method for parallelizing PAC learning algorithms. We provide extensions of our algorithms to cases in which the conc...
Toward an instance theory of automatization
 Psychological Review
, 1988
"... This article presents a theory in which automatization is construed as the acquisition of a domainspecific knowledge base, formed of separate representations, instances, of each exposure to the task. Processing is considered automatic if it relies on retrieval of stored instances, which will occur ..."
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Cited by 613 (37 self)
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things. For example, we can drive to dinner while conversing in depth with a visiting scholar, or we can make coffee while planning dessert. However, these benefits may be offset by costs. The automatic pilot can lead us astray, causing errors and sometimes catastrophes (Reason & Myceilska, 1982
An Empirical Comparison of Voting Classification Algorithms: Bagging, Boosting, and Variants
 MACHINE LEARNING
, 1999
"... Methods for voting classification algorithms, such as Bagging and AdaBoost, have been shown to be very successful in improving the accuracy of certain classifiers for artificial and realworld datasets. We review these algorithms and describe a large empirical study comparing several variants in co ..."
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Cited by 695 (2 self)
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Methods for voting classification algorithms, such as Bagging and AdaBoost, have been shown to be very successful in improving the accuracy of certain classifiers for artificial and realworld datasets. We review these algorithms and describe a large empirical study comparing several variants
TextonBoost: Joint Appearance, Shape and Context Modeling for MultiClass Object . . .
 IN ECCV
, 2006
"... This paper proposes a new approach to learning a discriminative model of object classes, incorporating appearance, shape and context information efficiently. The learned model is used for automatic visual recognition and semantic segmentation of photographs. Our discriminative model exploits nov ..."
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Cited by 427 (19 self)
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novel features, based on textons, which jointly model shape and texture. Unary classification and feature selection is achieved using shared boosting to give an efficient classifier which can be applied to a large number of classes. Accurate image segmentation is achieved by incorporating
CostSensitive Learning by CostProportionate Example Weighting
, 2003
"... We propose and evaluate a family of methods for converting classifier learning algorithms and classification theory into costsensitive algorithms and theory. The proposed conversion is based on costproportionate weighting of the training examples, which can be realized either by feeding the weight ..."
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Cited by 155 (14 self)
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We propose and evaluate a family of methods for converting classifier learning algorithms and classification theory into costsensitive algorithms and theory. The proposed conversion is based on costproportionate weighting of the training examples, which can be realized either by feeding
Results 1  10
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