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Approximating the kMulticut Problem
"... We study the kmulticut problem: Given an edgeweighted undirected graph, a set of l pairs of vertices, and a target k ≤ l, find the minimum cost set of edges whose removal disconnects at least k pairs. This generalizes the well known multicut problem, where k = l. We show that the kmulticut problem ..."
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Cited by 19 (1 self)
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problem on trees can be approximated within a factor of 8 3 + ɛ, for any fixed ɛ> 0, and within O(log 2 n log log n) on general graphs, where n is the number of vertices in the graph. For any fixed ɛ> 0, we also obtain a polynomial time algorithm for kmulticut on trees which returns a solution
Abstract Approximating the kMulticut Problem
"... We study the kmulticut problem: Given an edgeweighted undirected graph, a set of l pairs of vertices, and a target k ≤ l, find the minimum cost set of edges whose removal disconnects at least k pairs. This generalizes the well known multicut problem, where k = l. We show that the kmulticut problem ..."
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problem on trees can be approximated within a factor of 8 3 + ɛ, for any fixed ɛ> 0, and within O(log 2 nlog log n) on general graphs, where n is the number of vertices in the graph. For any fixed ɛ> 0, we also obtain a polynomial time algorithm for kmulticut on trees which returns a solution
Proof verification and hardness of approximation problems
 IN PROC. 33RD ANN. IEEE SYMP. ON FOUND. OF COMP. SCI
, 1992
"... We show that every language in NP has a probablistic verifier that checks membership proofs for it using logarithmic number of random bits and by examining a constant number of bits in the proof. If a string is in the language, then there exists a proof such that the verifier accepts with probabilit ..."
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Cited by 797 (39 self)
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in the proof (though this number is a very slowly growing function of the input length). As a consequence we prove that no MAX SNPhard problem has a polynomial time approximation scheme, unless NP=P. The class MAX SNP was defined by Papadimitriou and Yannakakis [82] and hard problems for this class include
Improved Approximation Algorithms for Maximum Cut and Satisfiability Problems Using Semidefinite Programming
 Journal of the ACM
, 1995
"... We present randomized approximation algorithms for the maximum cut (MAX CUT) and maximum 2satisfiability (MAX 2SAT) problems that always deliver solutions of expected value at least .87856 times the optimal value. These algorithms use a simple and elegant technique that randomly rounds the solution ..."
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Cited by 1210 (13 self)
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We present randomized approximation algorithms for the maximum cut (MAX CUT) and maximum 2satisfiability (MAX 2SAT) problems that always deliver solutions of expected value at least .87856 times the optimal value. These algorithms use a simple and elegant technique that randomly rounds
Optimal approximation by piecewise smooth functions and associated variational problems
 Commun. Pure Applied Mathematics
, 1989
"... (Article begins on next page) The Harvard community has made this article openly available. Please share how this access benefits you. Your story matters. Citation Mumford, David Bryant, and Jayant Shah. 1989. Optimal approximations by piecewise smooth functions and associated variational problems. ..."
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Cited by 1297 (14 self)
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(Article begins on next page) The Harvard community has made this article openly available. Please share how this access benefits you. Your story matters. Citation Mumford, David Bryant, and Jayant Shah. 1989. Optimal approximations by piecewise smooth functions and associated variational problems
A Guided Tour to Approximate String Matching
 ACM COMPUTING SURVEYS
, 1999
"... We survey the current techniques to cope with the problem of string matching allowing errors. This is becoming a more and more relevant issue for many fast growing areas such as information retrieval and computational biology. We focus on online searching and mostly on edit distance, explaining t ..."
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Cited by 597 (36 self)
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We survey the current techniques to cope with the problem of string matching allowing errors. This is becoming a more and more relevant issue for many fast growing areas such as information retrieval and computational biology. We focus on online searching and mostly on edit distance, explaining
A Threshold of ln n for Approximating Set Cover
 JOURNAL OF THE ACM
, 1998
"... Given a collection F of subsets of S = f1; : : : ; ng, set cover is the problem of selecting as few as possible subsets from F such that their union covers S, and max kcover is the problem of selecting k subsets from F such that their union has maximum cardinality. Both these problems are NPhar ..."
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Cited by 775 (5 self)
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Given a collection F of subsets of S = f1; : : : ; ng, set cover is the problem of selecting as few as possible subsets from F such that their union covers S, and max kcover is the problem of selecting k subsets from F such that their union has maximum cardinality. Both these problems are NP
Approximating discrete probability distributions with dependence trees
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY
, 1968
"... A method is presented to approximate optimally an ndimensional discrete probability distribution by a product of secondorder distributions, or the distribution of the firstorder tree dependence. The problem is to find an optimum set of n1 first order dependence relationship among the n variables ..."
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Cited by 878 (0 self)
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A method is presented to approximate optimally an ndimensional discrete probability distribution by a product of secondorder distributions, or the distribution of the firstorder tree dependence. The problem is to find an optimum set of n1 first order dependence relationship among the n
Greed is Good: Algorithmic Results for Sparse Approximation
, 2004
"... This article presents new results on using a greedy algorithm, orthogonal matching pursuit (OMP), to solve the sparse approximation problem over redundant dictionaries. It provides a sufficient condition under which both OMP and Donoho’s basis pursuit (BP) paradigm can recover the optimal representa ..."
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Cited by 915 (9 self)
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This article presents new results on using a greedy algorithm, orthogonal matching pursuit (OMP), to solve the sparse approximation problem over redundant dictionaries. It provides a sufficient condition under which both OMP and Donoho’s basis pursuit (BP) paradigm can recover the optimal
Approximate Riemann Solvers, Parameter Vectors, and Difference Schemes
 J. COMP. PHYS
, 1981
"... Several numerical schemes for the solution of hyperbolic conservation laws are based on exploiting the information obtained by considering a sequence of Riemann problems. It is argued that in existing schemes much of this information is degraded, and that only certain features of the exact solution ..."
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Cited by 1007 (2 self)
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Several numerical schemes for the solution of hyperbolic conservation laws are based on exploiting the information obtained by considering a sequence of Riemann problems. It is argued that in existing schemes much of this information is degraded, and that only certain features of the exact solution
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