Results 1  10
of
19,191
Concentration Of Measure And Isoperimetric Inequalities In Product Spaces
, 1995
"... . The concentration of measure phenomenon in product spaces roughly states that, if a set A in a product# N of probability spaces has measure at least one half, "most" of the points of# N are "close" to A. We proceed to a systematic exploration of this phenomenon. The meaning ..."
Abstract

Cited by 383 (4 self)
 Add to MetaCart
. The meaning of the word "most" is made rigorous by isoperimetrictype inequalities that bound the measure of the exceptional sets. The meaning of the work "close" is defined in three main ways, each of them giving rise to related, but di#erent inequalities. The inequalities are all proved
Almost Isoperimetric Subsets of the Discrete Cube
 Combinatorics, Probability & Computing
, 2011
"... We show that a set A ⊂ {0, 1} n with edgeboundary of size at most A(log 2 (2 n /A) + ɛ) can be made into a subcube by at most (2ɛ / log 2 (1/ɛ))A  additions and deletions, provided ɛ is less than an absolute constant. We deduce that if A ⊂ {0, 1} n has size 2 t for some t ∈ N, and cannot be m ..."
Abstract

Cited by 4 (2 self)
 Add to MetaCart
We show that a set A ⊂ {0, 1} n with edgeboundary of size at most A(log 2 (2 n /A) + ɛ) can be made into a subcube by at most (2ɛ / log 2 (1/ɛ))A  additions and deletions, provided ɛ is less than an absolute constant. We deduce that if A ⊂ {0, 1} n has size 2 t for some t ∈ N, and cannot be made into a subcube by fewer than δA  additions and deletions, then its edgeboundary has size at least A  log 2 (2 n /A) + Aδ log 2 (1/δ) = 2 t (t + δ log 2 (1/δ)), provided δ is less than an absolute constant. δ = 1/2 j for some j ∈ {1, 2,..., n − N}. This is sharp whenever 1
Planning Algorithms
, 2004
"... This book presents a unified treatment of many different kinds of planning algorithms. The subject lies at the crossroads between robotics, control theory, artificial intelligence, algorithms, and computer graphics. The particular subjects covered include motion planning, discrete planning, planning ..."
Abstract

Cited by 1108 (51 self)
 Add to MetaCart
This book presents a unified treatment of many different kinds of planning algorithms. The subject lies at the crossroads between robotics, control theory, artificial intelligence, algorithms, and computer graphics. The particular subjects covered include motion planning, discrete planning
Active Contours without Edges
, 2001
"... In this paper, we propose a new model for active contours to detect objects in a given image, based on techniques of curve evolution, MumfordShah functional for segmentation and level sets. Our model can detect objects whose boundaries are not necessarily defined by gradient. We minimize an energy ..."
Abstract

Cited by 1188 (37 self)
 Add to MetaCart
In this paper, we propose a new model for active contours to detect objects in a given image, based on techniques of curve evolution, MumfordShah functional for segmentation and level sets. Our model can detect objects whose boundaries are not necessarily defined by gradient. We minimize an energy which can be seen as a particular case of the minimal partition problem. In the level set formulation, the problem becomes a "meancurvature flow"like evolving the active contour, which will stop on the desired boundary. However, the stopping term does not depend on the gradient of the image, as in the classical active contour models, but is instead related to a particular segmentation of the image. We will give a numerical algorithm using finite differences. Finally, we will present various experimental results and in particular some examples for which the classical snakes methods based on the gradient are not applicable. Also, the initial curve can be anywhere in the image, and interior contours are automatically detected.
Convex Analysis
, 1970
"... In this book we aim to present, in a unified framework, a broad spectrum of mathematical theory that has grown in connection with the study of problems of optimization, equilibrium, control, and stability of linear and nonlinear systems. The title Variational Analysis reflects this breadth. For a lo ..."
Abstract

Cited by 5350 (67 self)
 Add to MetaCart
In this book we aim to present, in a unified framework, a broad spectrum of mathematical theory that has grown in connection with the study of problems of optimization, equilibrium, control, and stability of linear and nonlinear systems. The title Variational Analysis reflects this breadth. For a long time, ‘variational ’ problems have been identified mostly with the ‘calculus of variations’. In that venerable subject, built around the minimization of integral functionals, constraints were relatively simple and much of the focus was on infinitedimensional function spaces. A major theme was the exploration of variations around a point, within the bounds imposed by the constraints, in order to help characterize solutions and portray them in terms of ‘variational principles’. Notions of perturbation, approximation and even generalized differentiability were extensively investigated. Variational theory progressed also to the study of socalled stationary points, critical points, and other indications of singularity that a point might have relative to its neighbors, especially in association with existence theorems for differential equations.
Graphical models, exponential families, and variational inference
, 2008
"... The formalism of probabilistic graphical models provides a unifying framework for capturing complex dependencies among random variables, and building largescale multivariate statistical models. Graphical models have become a focus of research in many statistical, computational and mathematical fiel ..."
Abstract

Cited by 800 (26 self)
 Add to MetaCart
The formalism of probabilistic graphical models provides a unifying framework for capturing complex dependencies among random variables, and building largescale multivariate statistical models. Graphical models have become a focus of research in many statistical, computational and mathematical fields, including bioinformatics, communication theory, statistical physics, combinatorial optimization, signal and image processing, information retrieval and statistical machine learning. Many problems that arise in specific instances — including the key problems of computing marginals and modes of probability distributions — are best studied in the general setting. Working with exponential family representations, and exploiting the conjugate duality between the cumulant function and the entropy for exponential families, we develop general variational representations of the problems of computing likelihoods, marginal probabilities and most probable configurations. We describe how a wide varietyof algorithms — among them sumproduct, cluster variational methods, expectationpropagation, mean field methods, maxproduct and linear programming relaxation, as well as conic programming relaxations — can all be understood in terms of exact or approximate forms of these variational representations. The variational approach provides a complementary alternative to Markov chain Monte Carlo as a general source of approximation methods for inference in largescale statistical models.
Results 1  10
of
19,191