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Homological Algebra of Mirror Symmetry
 in Proceedings of the International Congress of Mathematicians
, 1994
"... Mirror Symmetry was discovered several years ago in string theory as a duality between families of 3dimensional CalabiYau manifolds (more precisely, complex algebraic manifolds possessing holomorphic volume elements without zeroes). The name comes from the symmetry among Hodge numbers. For dual Ca ..."
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Cited by 529 (3 self)
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Mirror Symmetry was discovered several years ago in string theory as a duality between families of 3dimensional CalabiYau manifolds (more precisely, complex algebraic manifolds possessing holomorphic volume elements without zeroes). The name comes from the symmetry among Hodge numbers. For dual
Using Linear Algebra for Intelligent Information Retrieval
 SIAM REVIEW
, 1995
"... Currently, most approaches to retrieving textual materials from scientific databases depend on a lexical match between words in users' requests and those in or assigned to documents in a database. Because of the tremendous diversity in the words people use to describe the same document, lexical ..."
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Cited by 672 (18 self)
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by 200300 of the largest singular vectors are then matched against user queries. We call this retrieval method Latent Semantic Indexing (LSI) because the subspace represents important associative relationships between terms and documents that are not evident in individual documents. LSI is a completely
Estimating the number of clusters in a dataset via the Gap statistic
, 2000
"... We propose a method (the \Gap statistic") for estimating the number of clusters (groups) in a set of data. The technique uses the output of any clustering algorithm (e.g. kmeans or hierarchical), comparing the change in within cluster dispersion to that expected under an appropriate reference ..."
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Cited by 492 (1 self)
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We propose a method (the \Gap statistic") for estimating the number of clusters (groups) in a set of data. The technique uses the output of any clustering algorithm (e.g. kmeans or hierarchical), comparing the change in within cluster dispersion to that expected under an appropriate reference
Sparse subspace clustering
 In CVPR
, 2009
"... We propose a method based on sparse representation (SR) to cluster data drawn from multiple lowdimensional linear or affine subspaces embedded in a highdimensional space. Our method is based on the fact that each point in a union of subspaces has a SR with respect to a dictionary formed by all oth ..."
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Cited by 227 (13 self)
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We propose a method based on sparse representation (SR) to cluster data drawn from multiple lowdimensional linear or affine subspaces embedded in a highdimensional space. Our method is based on the fact that each point in a union of subspaces has a SR with respect to a dictionary formed by all
Community detection in graphs
, 2009
"... The modern science of networks has brought significant advances to our understanding of complex systems. One of the most relevant features of graphs representing real systems is community structure, or clustering, i. e. the organization of vertices in clusters, with many edges joining vertices of th ..."
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Cited by 801 (1 self)
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The modern science of networks has brought significant advances to our understanding of complex systems. One of the most relevant features of graphs representing real systems is community structure, or clustering, i. e. the organization of vertices in clusters, with many edges joining vertices
Clustering Gene Expression Patterns
, 1999
"... Recent advances in biotechnology allow researchers to measure expression levels for thousands of genes simultaneously, across different conditions and over time. Analysis of data produced by such experiments offers potential insight into gene function and regulatory mechanisms. A key step in the ana ..."
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Cited by 446 (11 self)
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in the analysis of gene expression data is the detection of groups of genes that manifest similar expression patterns. The corresponding algorithmic problem is to cluster multicondition gene expression patterns. In this paper we describe a novel clustering algorithm that was developed for analysis of gene
Probabilistic Principal Component Analysis
 Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series B
, 1999
"... Principal component analysis (PCA) is a ubiquitous technique for data analysis and processing, but one which is not based upon a probability model. In this paper we demonstrate how the principal axes of a set of observed data vectors may be determined through maximumlikelihood estimation of paramet ..."
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Cited by 703 (5 self)
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of parameters in a latent variable model closely related to factor analysis. We consider the properties of the associated likelihood function, giving an EM algorithm for estimating the principal subspace iteratively, and discuss, with illustrative examples, the advantages conveyed by this probabilistic approach
Graphical models, exponential families, and variational inference
, 2008
"... The formalism of probabilistic graphical models provides a unifying framework for capturing complex dependencies among random variables, and building largescale multivariate statistical models. Graphical models have become a focus of research in many statistical, computational and mathematical fiel ..."
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Cited by 800 (26 self)
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likelihoods, marginal probabilities and most probable configurations. We describe how a wide varietyof algorithms — among them sumproduct, cluster variational methods, expectationpropagation, mean field methods, maxproduct and linear programming relaxation, as well as conic programming relaxations — can
The irreducibility of the space of curves of given genus
 Publ. Math. IHES
, 1969
"... Fix an algebraically closed field k. Let Mg be the moduli space of curves of genus g over k. The main result of this note is that Mg is irreducible for every k. Of course, whether or not M s is irreducible depends only on the characteristic of k. When the characteristic s o, we can assume that k ~ ..."
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Cited by 512 (2 self)
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Fix an algebraically closed field k. Let Mg be the moduli space of curves of genus g over k. The main result of this note is that Mg is irreducible for every k. Of course, whether or not M s is irreducible depends only on the characteristic of k. When the characteristic s o, we can assume that k
Least Median of Squares Regression
 JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN STATISTICAL ASSOCIATION
, 1984
"... ..."
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