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435,638
Cognitive load during problem solving: effects on learning
 COGNITIVE SCIENCE
, 1988
"... Considerable evidence indicates that domain specific knowledge in the form of schemes is the primary factor distinguishing experts from novices in problemsolving skill. Evidence that conventional problemsolving activity is not effective in schema acquisition is also accumulating. It is suggested t ..."
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Cited by 603 (13 self)
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Considerable evidence indicates that domain specific knowledge in the form of schemes is the primary factor distinguishing experts from novices in problemsolving skill. Evidence that conventional problemsolving activity is not effective in schema acquisition is also accumulating. It is suggested
The Hungarian method for the assignment problem
 Naval Res. Logist. Quart
, 1955
"... Assuming that numerical scores are available for the performance of each of n persons on each of n jobs, the "assignment problem" is the quest for an assignment of persons to jobs so that the sum of the n scores so obtained is as large as possible. It is shown that ideas latent in the work ..."
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Cited by 1238 (0 self)
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in the work of two Hungarian mathematicians may be exploited to yield a new method of solving this problem. 1.
Gravity with Gravitas: a Solution to the Border Puzzle
, 2001
"... Gravity equations have been widely used to infer trade ow effects of various institutional arrangements. We show that estimated gravity equations do not have a theoretical foundation. This implies both that estimation suffers from omitted variables bias and that comparative statics analysis is unfo ..."
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Cited by 610 (3 self)
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is unfounded. We develop a method that (i) consistently and ef ciently estimates a theoretical gravity equation and (ii) correctly calculates the comparative statics of trade frictions. We apply the method to solve the famous McCallum border puzzle. Applying our method, we nd that national borders reduce
For Most Large Underdetermined Systems of Linear Equations the Minimal ℓ1norm Solution is also the Sparsest Solution
 Comm. Pure Appl. Math
, 2004
"... We consider linear equations y = Φα where y is a given vector in R n, Φ is a given n by m matrix with n < m ≤ An, and we wish to solve for α ∈ R m. We suppose that the columns of Φ are normalized to unit ℓ 2 norm 1 and we place uniform measure on such Φ. We prove the existence of ρ = ρ(A) so that ..."
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Cited by 560 (10 self)
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We consider linear equations y = Φα where y is a given vector in R n, Φ is a given n by m matrix with n < m ≤ An, and we wish to solve for α ∈ R m. We suppose that the columns of Φ are normalized to unit ℓ 2 norm 1 and we place uniform measure on such Φ. We prove the existence of ρ = ρ(A) so
Fronts propagating with curvature dependent speed: algorithms based on Hamilton–Jacobi formulations
 Journal of Computational Physics
, 1988
"... We devise new numerical algorithms, called PSC algorithms, for following fronts propagating with curvaturedependent speed. The speed may be an arbitrary function of curvature, and the front can also be passively advected by an underlying flow. These algorithms approximate the equations of motion, w ..."
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Cited by 1183 (64 self)
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, which resemble HamiltonJacobi equations with parabolic righthandsides, by using techniques from the hyperbolic conservation laws. Nonoscillatory schemes of various orders of accuracy are used to solve the equations, providing methods that accurately capture the formation of sharp gradients and cusps
LSQR: An Algorithm for Sparse Linear Equations and Sparse Least Squares
 ACM Trans. Math. Software
, 1982
"... An iterative method is given for solving Ax ~ffi b and minU Ax b 112, where the matrix A is large and sparse. The method is based on the bidiagonalization procedure of Golub and Kahan. It is analytically equivalent to the standard method of conjugate gradients, but possesses more favorable numerica ..."
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Cited by 649 (21 self)
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An iterative method is given for solving Ax ~ffi b and minU Ax b 112, where the matrix A is large and sparse. The method is based on the bidiagonalization procedure of Golub and Kahan. It is analytically equivalent to the standard method of conjugate gradients, but possesses more favorable
Incorporating nonlocal information into information extraction systems by gibbs sampling
 In ACL
, 2005
"... Most current statistical natural language processing models use only local features so as to permit dynamic programming in inference, but this makes them unable to fully account for the long distance structure that is prevalent in language use. We show how to solve this dilemma with Gibbs sampling, ..."
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Cited by 696 (25 self)
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Most current statistical natural language processing models use only local features so as to permit dynamic programming in inference, but this makes them unable to fully account for the long distance structure that is prevalent in language use. We show how to solve this dilemma with Gibbs sampling
Shape modeling with front propagation: A level set approach
 IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
, 1995
"... Abstract Shape modeling is an important constituent of computer vision as well as computer graphics research. Shape models aid the tasks of object representation and recognition. This paper presents a new approach to shape modeling which retains some of the attractive features of existing methods ..."
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Cited by 804 (20 self)
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secting, hypersurface flowing along its gradient field with constant speed or a speed that depends on the curvature. It is moved by solving a “HamiltonJacob? ’ type equation written for a function in which the interface is a particular level set. A speed term synthesizpd from the image is used to stop the interface
Why a diagram is (sometimes) worth ten thousand words
 Cognitive Science
, 1987
"... We distinguish diagrammatic from sentential paperandpencil representationsof information by developing alternative models of informationprocessing systems that are informationally equivalent and that can be characterized as sentential or diagrammatic. Sentential representations are sequential, li ..."
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Cited by 777 (2 self)
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for use. We then contrast the computational efficiency of these representotions for solving several illustrative problems in mothematics and physics. When two representotions are informationally equivolent, their computational efficiency depends on the informationprocessing operators that act on them
Results 1  10
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