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25,472
Factor Graphs and the SumProduct Algorithm
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY
, 1998
"... A factor graph is a bipartite graph that expresses how a "global" function of many variables factors into a product of "local" functions. Factor graphs subsume many other graphical models including Bayesian networks, Markov random fields, and Tanner graphs. Following one simple c ..."
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Cited by 1791 (69 self)
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computational rule, the sumproduct algorithm operates in factor graphs to computeeither exactly or approximatelyvarious marginal functions by distributed messagepassing in the graph. A wide variety of algorithms developed in artificial intelligence, signal processing, and digital communications can
Shiftable Multiscale Transforms
, 1992
"... Orthogonal wavelet transforms have recently become a popular representation for multiscale signal and image analysis. One of the major drawbacks of these representations is their lack of translation invariance: the content of wavelet subbands is unstable under translations of the input signal. Wavel ..."
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Cited by 562 (36 self)
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Orthogonal wavelet transforms have recently become a popular representation for multiscale signal and image analysis. One of the major drawbacks of these representations is their lack of translation invariance: the content of wavelet subbands is unstable under translations of the input signal
A LongMemory Property of Stock Market Returns and a New Model
 Journal of Empirical Finance
, 1993
"... A ‘long memory ’ property of stock market returns is investigated in this paper. It is found that not only there is substantially more correlation between absolute returns than returns themselves, but the power transformation of the absolute return lrfl ” also has quite high autocorrelation for lo ..."
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Cited by 631 (18 self)
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A ‘long memory ’ property of stock market returns is investigated in this paper. It is found that not only there is substantially more correlation between absolute returns than returns themselves, but the power transformation of the absolute return lrfl ” also has quite high autocorrelation
Relations between the statistics of natural images and the response properties of cortical cells
 J. Opt. Soc. Am. A
, 1987
"... The relative efficiency of any particular imagecoding scheme should be defined only in relation to the class of images that the code is likely to encounter. To understand the representation of images by the mammalian visual system, it might therefore be useful to consider the statistics of images f ..."
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Cited by 831 (18 self)
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of space, spatial frequency, and orientation (Gaborlike transforms). For many classes of image, such codes will not be an efficient means of representing information. However, the results obtained with six natural images suggest that the orientation and the spatialfrequency tuning of mammalian simple
Shape Matching and Object Recognition Using Shape Contexts
 IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
, 2001
"... We present a novel approach to measuring similarity between shapes and exploit it for object recognition. In our framework, the measurement of similarity is preceded by (1) solv ing for correspondences between points on the two shapes, (2) using the correspondences to estimate an aligning transform ..."
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Cited by 1809 (21 self)
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transform. In order to solve the correspondence problem, we attach a descriptor, the shape context, to each point. The shape context at a reference point captures the distribution of the remaining points relative to it, thus offering a globally discriminative characterization. Corresponding points on two
Regression Shrinkage and Selection Via the Lasso
 JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL STATISTICAL SOCIETY, SERIES B
, 1994
"... We propose a new method for estimation in linear models. The "lasso" minimizes the residual sum of squares subject to the sum of the absolute value of the coefficients being less than a constant. Because of the nature of this constraint it tends to produce some coefficients that are exactl ..."
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Cited by 4212 (49 self)
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We propose a new method for estimation in linear models. The "lasso" minimizes the residual sum of squares subject to the sum of the absolute value of the coefficients being less than a constant. Because of the nature of this constraint it tends to produce some coefficients
EntropyBased Algorithms For Best Basis Selection
 IEEE Transactions on Information Theory
, 1992
"... pretations (position, frequency, and scale), and we have experimented with featureextraction methods that use bestbasis compression for frontend complexity reduction. The method relies heavily on the remarkable orthogonality properties of the new libraries. It is obviously a nonlinear transformat ..."
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Cited by 675 (20 self)
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pretations (position, frequency, and scale), and we have experimented with featureextraction methods that use bestbasis compression for frontend complexity reduction. The method relies heavily on the remarkable orthogonality properties of the new libraries. It is obviously a nonlinear
A NEW POLYNOMIALTIME ALGORITHM FOR LINEAR PROGRAMMING
 COMBINATORICA
, 1984
"... We present a new polynomialtime algorithm for linear programming. In the worst case, the algorithm requires O(tf'SL) arithmetic operations on O(L) bit numbers, where n is the number of variables and L is the number of bits in the input. The running,time of this algorithm is better than the ell ..."
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Cited by 860 (3 self)
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the ellipsoid algorithm by a factor of O(n~'~). We prove that given a polytope P and a strictly interior point a E P, there is a projective transformation of the space that maps P, a to P', a ' having the following property. The ratio of the radius of the smallest sphere with center a
SIGNAL RECOVERY BY PROXIMAL FORWARDBACKWARD SPLITTING
 MULTISCALE MODEL. SIMUL. TO APPEAR
"... We show that various inverse problems in signal recovery can be formulated as the generic problem of minimizing the sum of two convex functions with certain regularity properties. This formulation makes it possible to derive existence, uniqueness, characterization, and stability results in a unifi ..."
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Cited by 509 (24 self)
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We show that various inverse problems in signal recovery can be formulated as the generic problem of minimizing the sum of two convex functions with certain regularity properties. This formulation makes it possible to derive existence, uniqueness, characterization, and stability results in a
Sparse coding with an overcomplete basis set: a strategy employed by V1
 Vision Research
, 1997
"... The spatial receptive fields of simple cells in mammalian striate cortex have been reasonably well described physiologically and can be characterized as being localized, oriented, and ban@ass, comparable with the basis functions of wavelet transforms. Previously, we have shown that these receptive f ..."
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Cited by 958 (9 self)
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field properties may be accounted for in terms of a strategy for producing a sparse distribution of output activity in response to natural images. Here, in addition to describing this work in a more expansive fashion, we examine the neurobiological implications of sparse coding. Of particular interest
Results 1  10
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25,472