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22,606
A Compositional Approach to Performance Modelling
, 1996
"... Performance modelling is concerned with the capture and analysis of the dynamic behaviour of computer and communication systems. The size and complexity of many modern systems result in large, complex models. A compositional approach decomposes the system into subsystems that are smaller and more ea ..."
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Cited by 757 (102 self)
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easily modelled. In this thesis a novel compositional approach to performance modelling is presented. This approach is based on a suitably enhanced process algebra, PEPA (Performance Evaluation Process Algebra). The compositional nature of the language provides benefits for model solution as well
The dangers of replication and a solution
 IN PROCEEDINGS OF THE 1996 ACM SIGMOD INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON MANAGEMENT OF DATA
, 1996
"... Update anywhereanytimeanyway transactional replication has unstable behavior as the workload scales up: a tenfold increase in nodes and traflc gives a thousand fold increase in deadlocks or reconciliations. Master copy replication (primary copyj schemes reduce this problem. A simple analytic mode ..."
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Cited by 575 (3 self)
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model demonstrates these results. A new twotier replication algorithm is proposed that allows mobile (disconnected) applications to propose tentative update transactions that are later applied to a master copy. Commutative update transactions avoid the instability of other replication schemes.
The Nonstochastic Multiarmed Bandit Problem
 SIAM JOURNAL OF COMPUTING
, 2002
"... In the multiarmed bandit problem, a gambler must decide which arm of K nonidentical slot machines to play in a sequence of trials so as to maximize his reward. This classical problem has received much attention because of the simple model it provides of the tradeoff between exploration (trying out ..."
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Cited by 491 (34 self)
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of the process generating the payoffs of the slot machines. We give a solution to the bandit problem in which an adversary, rather than a wellbehaved stochastic process, has complete control over the payoffs. In a sequence of T plays, we prove that the perround payoff of our algorithm approaches
A closedform solution for options with stochastic volatility with applications to bond and currency options
 Review of Financial Studies
, 1993
"... I use a new technique to derive a closedform solution for the price of a European call option on an asset with stochastic volatility. The model allows arbitrary correlation between volatility and spotasset returns. I introduce stochastic interest rates and show how to apply the model to bond option ..."
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Cited by 1512 (6 self)
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I use a new technique to derive a closedform solution for the price of a European call option on an asset with stochastic volatility. The model allows arbitrary correlation between volatility and spotasset returns. I introduce stochastic interest rates and show how to apply the model to bond
The Ant System: Optimization by a colony of cooperating agents
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICSPART B
, 1996
"... An analogy with the way ant colonies function has suggested the definition of a new computational paradigm, which we call Ant System. We propose it as a viable new approach to stochastic combinatorial optimization. The main characteristics of this model are positive feedback, distributed computation ..."
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Cited by 1300 (46 self)
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An analogy with the way ant colonies function has suggested the definition of a new computational paradigm, which we call Ant System. We propose it as a viable new approach to stochastic combinatorial optimization. The main characteristics of this model are positive feedback, distributed
Markov Random Field Models in Computer Vision
, 1994
"... . A variety of computer vision problems can be optimally posed as Bayesian labeling in which the solution of a problem is defined as the maximum a posteriori (MAP) probability estimate of the true labeling. The posterior probability is usually derived from a prior model and a likelihood model. The l ..."
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Cited by 516 (18 self)
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. A variety of computer vision problems can be optimally posed as Bayesian labeling in which the solution of a problem is defined as the maximum a posteriori (MAP) probability estimate of the true labeling. The posterior probability is usually derived from a prior model and a likelihood model
Variable Selection via Nonconcave Penalized Likelihood and its Oracle Properties
, 2001
"... Variable selection is fundamental to highdimensional statistical modeling, including nonparametric regression. Many approaches in use are stepwise selection procedures, which can be computationally expensive and ignore stochastic errors in the variable selection process. In this article, penalized ..."
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Cited by 948 (62 self)
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functions are symmetric, nonconcave on (0, ∞), and have singularities at the origin to produce sparse solutions. Furthermore, the penalty functions should be bounded by a constant to reduce bias and satisfy certain conditions to yield continuous solutions. A new algorithm is proposed for optimizing
Maximizing the Spread of Influence Through a Social Network
 In KDD
, 2003
"... Models for the processes by which ideas and influence propagate through a social network have been studied in a number of domains, including the diffusion of medical and technological innovations, the sudden and widespread adoption of various strategies in gametheoretic settings, and the effects of ..."
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Cited by 990 (7 self)
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, and the goal is to trigger a large cascade of further adoptions, which set of individuals should we target? We consider this problem in several of the most widely studied models in social network analysis. The optimization problem of selecting the most influential nodes is NPhard here, and we provide
The Valuation of Options for Alternative Stochastic Processes
 Journal of Financial Economics
, 1976
"... This paper examines the structure of option valuation problems and develops a new technique for their solution. It also introduces several jump and diffusion processes which have nol been used in previous models. The technique is applied lo these processes to find explicit option valuation formulas, ..."
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Cited by 679 (5 self)
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This paper examines the structure of option valuation problems and develops a new technique for their solution. It also introduces several jump and diffusion processes which have nol been used in previous models. The technique is applied lo these processes to find explicit option valuation formulas
RealTime Tracking of NonRigid Objects using Mean Shift
 IEEE CVPR 2000
, 2000
"... A new method for realtime tracking of nonrigid objects seen from a moving camera isproposed. The central computational module is based on the mean shift iterations and nds the most probable target position in the current frame. The dissimilarity between the target model (its color distribution) an ..."
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Cited by 815 (19 self)
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A new method for realtime tracking of nonrigid objects seen from a moving camera isproposed. The central computational module is based on the mean shift iterations and nds the most probable target position in the current frame. The dissimilarity between the target model (its color distribution
Results 1  10
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22,606