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A Threshold of ln n for Approximating Set Cover
 JOURNAL OF THE ACM
, 1998
"... Given a collection F of subsets of S = f1; : : : ; ng, set cover is the problem of selecting as few as possible subsets from F such that their union covers S, and max kcover is the problem of selecting k subsets from F such that their union has maximum cardinality. Both these problems are NPhar ..."
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Cited by 778 (5 self)
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hard. We prove that (1 \Gamma o(1)) ln n is a threshold below which set cover cannot be approximated efficiently, unless NP has slightly superpolynomial time algorithms. This closes the gap (up to low order terms) between the ratio of approximation achievable by the greedy algorithm (which is (1 \Gamma
The Viterbi algorithm
 Proceedings of the IEEE
, 1973
"... vol. 6, no. 8, pp. 211220, 1951. [7] J. L. Anderson and J. W..Ryon, “Electromagnetic radiation in accelerated systems, ” Phys. Rev., vol. 181, pp. 17651775, 1969. [8] C. V. Heer, “Resonant frequencies of an electromagnetic cavity in an accelerated system of reference, ” Phys. Reu., vol. 134, pp. A ..."
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Cited by 985 (3 self)
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. A799A804, 1964. [9] T. C. Mo, “Theory of electrodynamics in media in noninertial frames and applications, ” J. Math. Phys., vol. 11, pp. 25892610, 1970.
Automatic verification of finitestate concurrent systems using temporal logic specifications
 ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems
, 1986
"... We give an efficient procedure for verifying that a finitestate concurrent system meets a specification expressed in a (propositional, branchingtime) temporal logic. Our algorithm has complexity linear in both the size of the specification and the size of the global state graph for the concurrent ..."
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Cited by 1384 (62 self)
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We give an efficient procedure for verifying that a finitestate concurrent system meets a specification expressed in a (propositional, branchingtime) temporal logic. Our algorithm has complexity linear in both the size of the specification and the size of the global state graph for the concurrent
A Probabilistic Approach to Concurrent Mapping and Localization for Mobile Robots
 Machine Learning
, 1998
"... . This paper addresses the problem of building largescale geometric maps of indoor environments with mobile robots. It poses the map building problem as a constrained, probabilistic maximumlikelihood estimation problem. It then devises a practical algorithm for generating the most likely map from ..."
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Cited by 487 (47 self)
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. This paper addresses the problem of building largescale geometric maps of indoor environments with mobile robots. It poses the map building problem as a constrained, probabilistic maximumlikelihood estimation problem. It then devises a practical algorithm for generating the most likely map from
The StructureMapping Engine: Algorithm and Examples
 Artificial Intelligence
, 1989
"... This paper describes the StructureMapping Engine (SME), a program for studying analogical processing. SME has been built to explore Gentner's Structuremapping theory of analogy, and provides a "tool kit" for constructing matching algorithms consistent with this theory. Its flexibili ..."
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Cited by 512 (115 self)
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This paper describes the StructureMapping Engine (SME), a program for studying analogical processing. SME has been built to explore Gentner's Structuremapping theory of analogy, and provides a "tool kit" for constructing matching algorithms consistent with this theory. Its
Efficient Variants of the ICP Algorithm
 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON 3D DIGITAL IMAGING AND MODELING
, 2001
"... The ICP (Iterative Closest Point) algorithm is widely used for geometric alignment of threedimensional models when an initial estimate of the relative pose is known. Many variants of ICP have been proposed, affecting all phases of the algorithm from the selection and matching of points to the minim ..."
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Cited by 702 (5 self)
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sampling of the space of normals. We conclude by proposing a combination of ICP variants optimized for high speed. We demonstrate an implementation that is able to align two range images in a few tens of milliseconds, assuming a good initial guess. This capability has potential application to realtime 3D
A Fast Algorithm for Particle Simulations
, 1987
"... this paper to the case where the potential (or force) at a point is a sum of pairwise An algorithm is presented for the rapid evaluation of the potential and force fields in systems involving large numbers of particles interactions. More specifically, we consider potentials of whose interactions a ..."
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Cited by 1145 (19 self)
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are Coulombic or gravitational in nature. For a the form system of N particles, an amount of work of the order O(N 2 ) has traditionally been required to evaluate all pairwise interactions, un F5F far 1 (F near 1F external ), less some approximation or truncation method is used. The algorithm of the present
Sorting networks and their applications
, 1968
"... To achieve high throughput rates today's computers perform several operations simultaneously. Not only are I/O operations performed concurrently with computing, but also, in multiprocessors, several computing ..."
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Cited by 660 (0 self)
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To achieve high throughput rates today's computers perform several operations simultaneously. Not only are I/O operations performed concurrently with computing, but also, in multiprocessors, several computing
A learning algorithm for Boltzmann machines
 Cognitive Science
, 1985
"... The computotionol power of massively parallel networks of simple processing elements resides in the communication bandwidth provided by the hardware connections between elements. These connections con allow a significant fraction of the knowledge of the system to be applied to an instance of a probl ..."
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Cited by 586 (13 self)
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problem in o very short time. One kind of computation for which massively porollel networks appear to be well suited is large constraint satisfaction searches, but to use the connections efficiently two conditions must be met: First, a search technique that is suitable for parallel networks must be found
Fast Algorithms for Mining Association Rules
, 1994
"... We consider the problem of discovering association rules between items in a large database of sales transactions. We present two new algorithms for solving this problem that are fundamentally different from the known algorithms. Empirical evaluation shows that these algorithms outperform the known a ..."
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Cited by 3551 (15 self)
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We consider the problem of discovering association rules between items in a large database of sales transactions. We present two new algorithms for solving this problem that are fundamentally different from the known algorithms. Empirical evaluation shows that these algorithms outperform the known
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