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LOF: Identifying DensityBased Local Outliers
 PROCEEDINGS OF THE 2000 ACM SIGMOD INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON MANAGEMENT OF DATA
, 2000
"... For many KDD applications, such as detecting criminal activities in Ecommerce, finding the rare instances or the outliers, can be more interesting than finding the common patterns. Existing work in outlier detection regards being an outlier as a binary property. In this paper, we contend that for m ..."
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Cited by 499 (14 self)
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analysis showing that LOF enjoys many desirable properties. Using realworld datasets, we demonstrate that LOF can be used to find outliers which appear to be meaningful, but can otherwise not be identified with existing approaches. Finally, a careful performance evaluation of our algorithm confirms we show
Algorithms for Mining DistanceBased Outliers in Large Datasets
, 1998
"... This paper deals with finding outliers (exceptions) in large, multidimensional datasets. The identification of outliers can lead to the discovery of truly unexpected knowledge in areas such as electronic commerce, credit card fraud, and even the analysis of performance statistics of professional ath ..."
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Cited by 351 (5 self)
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focus on the development of algorithms for computing such outliers. First, we present two simple algorithms, both having a complexity of O(k N 2 ), k being the dimensionality and N being the number of objects in the dataset. These algorithms readily support datasets with many more than two attributes
FastMap: A Fast Algorithm for Indexing, DataMining and Visualization of Traditional and Multimedia Datasets
, 1995
"... A very promising idea for fast searching in traditional and multimedia databases is to map objects into points in kd space, using k featureextraction functions, provided by a domain expert [25]. Thus, we can subsequently use highly finetuned spatial access methods (SAMs), to answer several types ..."
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Cited by 497 (23 self)
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domain expert to assess the similarity/distance of two objects. Given only the distance information though, it is not obvious how to map objects into points. This is exactly the topic of this paper. We describe a fast algorithm to map objects into points in some kdimensional space (k is user
Estimating the number of clusters in a dataset via the Gap statistic
, 2000
"... We propose a method (the \Gap statistic") for estimating the number of clusters (groups) in a set of data. The technique uses the output of any clustering algorithm (e.g. kmeans or hierarchical), comparing the change in within cluster dispersion to that expected under an appropriate reference ..."
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Cited by 492 (1 self)
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We propose a method (the \Gap statistic") for estimating the number of clusters (groups) in a set of data. The technique uses the output of any clustering algorithm (e.g. kmeans or hierarchical), comparing the change in within cluster dispersion to that expected under an appropriate reference
Planning Algorithms
, 2004
"... This book presents a unified treatment of many different kinds of planning algorithms. The subject lies at the crossroads between robotics, control theory, artificial intelligence, algorithms, and computer graphics. The particular subjects covered include motion planning, discrete planning, planning ..."
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Cited by 1108 (51 self)
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This book presents a unified treatment of many different kinds of planning algorithms. The subject lies at the crossroads between robotics, control theory, artificial intelligence, algorithms, and computer graphics. The particular subjects covered include motion planning, discrete planning
Very simple classification rules perform well on most commonly used datasets
 Machine Learning
, 1993
"... The classification rules induced by machine learning systems are judged by two criteria: their classification accuracy on an independent test set (henceforth "accuracy"), and their complexity. The relationship between these two criteria is, of course, of keen interest to the machin ..."
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Cited by 542 (5 self)
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to the machine learning community. There are in the literature some indications that very simple rules may achieve surprisingly high accuracy on many datasets. For example, Rendell occasionally remarks that many real world datasets have "few peaks (often just one) " and so are &
An Efficient Boosting Algorithm for Combining Preferences
, 1999
"... The problem of combining preferences arises in several applications, such as combining the results of different search engines. This work describes an efficient algorithm for combining multiple preferences. We first give a formal framework for the problem. We then describe and analyze a new boosting ..."
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Cited by 707 (18 self)
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The problem of combining preferences arises in several applications, such as combining the results of different search engines. This work describes an efficient algorithm for combining multiple preferences. We first give a formal framework for the problem. We then describe and analyze a new
The Viterbi algorithm
 Proceedings of the IEEE
, 1973
"... vol. 6, no. 8, pp. 211220, 1951. [7] J. L. Anderson and J. W..Ryon, “Electromagnetic radiation in accelerated systems, ” Phys. Rev., vol. 181, pp. 17651775, 1969. [8] C. V. Heer, “Resonant frequencies of an electromagnetic cavity in an accelerated system of reference, ” Phys. Reu., vol. 134, pp. A ..."
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Cited by 985 (3 self)
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. A799A804, 1964. [9] T. C. Mo, “Theory of electrodynamics in media in noninertial frames and applications, ” J. Math. Phys., vol. 11, pp. 25892610, 1970.
An Empirical Comparison of Voting Classification Algorithms: Bagging, Boosting, and Variants
 MACHINE LEARNING
, 1999
"... Methods for voting classification algorithms, such as Bagging and AdaBoost, have been shown to be very successful in improving the accuracy of certain classifiers for artificial and realworld datasets. We review these algorithms and describe a large empirical study comparing several variants in co ..."
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Cited by 695 (2 self)
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Methods for voting classification algorithms, such as Bagging and AdaBoost, have been shown to be very successful in improving the accuracy of certain classifiers for artificial and realworld datasets. We review these algorithms and describe a large empirical study comparing several variants
On Spectral Clustering: Analysis and an algorithm
 ADVANCES IN NEURAL INFORMATION PROCESSING SYSTEMS
, 2001
"... Despite many empirical successes of spectral clustering methods  algorithms that cluster points using eigenvectors of matrices derived from the distances between the points  there are several unresolved issues. First, there is a wide variety of algorithms that use the eigenvectors in slightly ..."
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Cited by 1697 (13 self)
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Despite many empirical successes of spectral clustering methods  algorithms that cluster points using eigenvectors of matrices derived from the distances between the points  there are several unresolved issues. First, there is a wide variety of algorithms that use the eigenvectors
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