Results 1  10
of
638,002
SemiSupervised Learning Literature Survey
, 2006
"... We review the literature on semisupervised learning, which is an area in machine learning and more generally, artificial intelligence. There has been a whole
spectrum of interesting ideas on how to learn from both labeled and unlabeled data, i.e. semisupervised learning. This document is a chapter ..."
Abstract

Cited by 757 (8 self)
 Add to MetaCart
We review the literature on semisupervised learning, which is an area in machine learning and more generally, artificial intelligence. There has been a whole
spectrum of interesting ideas on how to learn from both labeled and unlabeled data, i.e. semisupervised learning. This document is a
Coupled hidden Markov models for complex action recognition
, 1996
"... We present algorithms for coupling and training hidden Markov models (HMMs) to model interacting processes, and demonstrate their superiority to conventional HMMs in a vision task classifying twohanded actions. HMMs are perhaps the most successful framework in perceptual computing for modeling and ..."
Abstract

Cited by 497 (22 self)
 Add to MetaCart
We present algorithms for coupling and training hidden Markov models (HMMs) to model interacting processes, and demonstrate their superiority to conventional HMMs in a vision task classifying twohanded actions. HMMs are perhaps the most successful framework in perceptual computing for modeling
Discriminative Training Methods for Hidden Markov Models: Theory and Experiments with Perceptron Algorithms
, 2002
"... We describe new algorithms for training tagging models, as an alternative to maximumentropy models or conditional random fields (CRFs). The algorithms rely on Viterbi decoding of training examples, combined with simple additive updates. We describe theory justifying the algorithms through a modific ..."
Abstract

Cited by 641 (16 self)
 Add to MetaCart
We describe new algorithms for training tagging models, as an alternative to maximumentropy models or conditional random fields (CRFs). The algorithms rely on Viterbi decoding of training examples, combined with simple additive updates. We describe theory justifying the algorithms through a
Semisupervised Clustering by Seeding
 In Proceedings of 19th International Conference on Machine Learning (ICML2002
, 2002
"... Semisupervised clustering uses a small amount of labeled data to aid and bias the clustering of unlabeled data. This paper explores the use of labeled data to generate initial seed clusters, as well as the use of constraints generated from labeled data to guide the clustering process. It intr ..."
Abstract

Cited by 206 (17 self)
 Add to MetaCart
. It introduces two semisupervised variants of KMeans clustering that can be viewed as instances of the EM algorithm, where labeled data provides prior information about the conditional distributions of hidden category labels. Experimental results demonstrate the advantages of these methods over standard
Dynamic topic models
 In ICML
, 2006
"... Scientists need new tools to explore and browse large collections of scholarly literature. Thanks to organizations such as JSTOR, which scan and index the original bound archives of many journals, modern scientists can search digital libraries spanning hundreds of years. A scientist, suddenly ..."
Abstract

Cited by 656 (28 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Scientists need new tools to explore and browse large collections of scholarly literature. Thanks to organizations such as JSTOR, which scan and index the original bound archives of many journals, modern scientists can search digital libraries spanning hundreds of years. A scientist, suddenly
Segmentation of brain MR images through a hidden Markov random field model and the expectationmaximization algorithm
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MEDICAL. IMAGING
, 2001
"... The finite mixture (FM) model is the most commonly used model for statistical segmentation of brain magnetic resonance (MR) images because of its simple mathematical form and the piecewise constant nature of ideal brain MR images. However, being a histogrambased model, the FM has an intrinsic limi ..."
Abstract

Cited by 619 (14 self)
 Add to MetaCart
methods produce unreliable results. In this paper, we propose a novel hidden Markov random field (HMRF) model, which is a stochastic process generated by a MRF whose state sequence cannot be observed directly but which can be indirectly estimated through observations. Mathematically, it can be shown
Markov Random Field Models in Computer Vision
, 1994
"... . A variety of computer vision problems can be optimally posed as Bayesian labeling in which the solution of a problem is defined as the maximum a posteriori (MAP) probability estimate of the true labeling. The posterior probability is usually derived from a prior model and a likelihood model. The l ..."
Abstract

Cited by 515 (18 self)
 Add to MetaCart
. The latter relates to how data is observed and is problem domain dependent. The former depends on how various prior constraints are expressed. Markov Random Field Models (MRF) theory is a tool to encode contextual constraints into the prior probability. This paper presents a unified approach for MRF modeling
Integrating Constraints and Metric Learning in SemiSupervised Clustering
 In ICML
, 2004
"... Semisupervised clustering employs a small amount of labeled data to aid unsupervised learning. Previous work in the area has utilized supervised data in one of two approaches: 1) constraintbased methods that guide the clustering algorithm towards a better grouping of the data, and 2) distanc ..."
Abstract

Cited by 245 (7 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Semisupervised clustering employs a small amount of labeled data to aid unsupervised learning. Previous work in the area has utilized supervised data in one of two approaches: 1) constraintbased methods that guide the clustering algorithm towards a better grouping of the data, and 2
Maximum entropy markov models for information extraction and segmentation
, 2000
"... Hidden Markov models (HMMs) are a powerful probabilistic tool for modeling sequential data, and have been applied with success to many textrelated tasks, such as partofspeech tagging, text segmentation and information extraction. In these cases, the observations are usually modeled as multinomial ..."
Abstract

Cited by 554 (18 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Hidden Markov models (HMMs) are a powerful probabilistic tool for modeling sequential data, and have been applied with success to many textrelated tasks, such as partofspeech tagging, text segmentation and information extraction. In these cases, the observations are usually modeled
TopicSensitive PageRank
, 2002
"... In the original PageRank algorithm for improving the ranking of searchquery results, a single PageRank vector is computed, using the link structure of the Web, to capture the relative "importance" of Web pages, independent of any particular search query. To yield more accurate search resu ..."
Abstract

Cited by 535 (10 self)
 Add to MetaCart
results, we propose computing a set of PageRank vectors, biased using a set of representative topics, to capture more accurately the notion of importance with respect to a particular topic. By using these (precomputed) biased PageRank vectors to generate queryspecific importance scores for pages at query
Results 1  10
of
638,002