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34,250
Maximum likelihood from incomplete data via the EM algorithm
 JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL STATISTICAL SOCIETY, SERIES B
, 1977
"... A broadly applicable algorithm for computing maximum likelihood estimates from incomplete data is presented at various levels of generality. Theory showing the monotone behaviour of the likelihood and convergence of the algorithm is derived. Many examples are sketched, including missing value situat ..."
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Cited by 11972 (17 self)
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A broadly applicable algorithm for computing maximum likelihood estimates from incomplete data is presented at various levels of generality. Theory showing the monotone behaviour of the likelihood and convergence of the algorithm is derived. Many examples are sketched, including missing value
Deriving the BoyerMooreHorspool algorithm
"... frequently studied, and many different algorithms for solving it have been suggested. Watson and Zwaan in the early 1990s derived a set of wellknown solutions from a common starting point, leading to a taxonomy of such algorithms. Their taxonomy did not include a variant of the BoyerMoore algorith ..."
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frequently studied, and many different algorithms for solving it have been suggested. Watson and Zwaan in the early 1990s derived a set of wellknown solutions from a common starting point, leading to a taxonomy of such algorithms. Their taxonomy did not include a variant of the BoyerMoore
Tuning the BoyerMooreHorspool String Searching Algorithm
, 1992
"... This paper presents a new implementation which takes advantage of the dependencies between the characters. The resulting code runs 25 per cent faster than the best currentlyknown routine ..."
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Cited by 20 (0 self)
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This paper presents a new implementation which takes advantage of the dependencies between the characters. The resulting code runs 25 per cent faster than the best currentlyknown routine
On Spectral Clustering: Analysis and an algorithm
 ADVANCES IN NEURAL INFORMATION PROCESSING SYSTEMS
, 2001
"... Despite many empirical successes of spectral clustering methods  algorithms that cluster points using eigenvectors of matrices derived from the distances between the points  there are several unresolved issues. First, there is a wide variety of algorithms that use the eigenvectors in slightly ..."
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Cited by 1713 (13 self)
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Despite many empirical successes of spectral clustering methods  algorithms that cluster points using eigenvectors of matrices derived from the distances between the points  there are several unresolved issues. First, there is a wide variety of algorithms that use the eigenvectors
Instancebased learning algorithms
 Machine Learning
, 1991
"... Abstract. Storing and using specific instances improves the performance of several supervised learning algorithms. These include algorithms that learn decision trees, classification rules, and distributed networks. However, no investigation has analyzed algorithms that use only specific instances to ..."
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Cited by 1389 (18 self)
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to solve incremental learning tasks. In this paper, we describe a framework and methodology, called instancebased learning, that generates classification predictions using only specific instances. Instancebased learning algorithms do not maintain a set of abstractions derived from specific instances
Randomized Gossip Algorithms
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY
, 2006
"... Motivated by applications to sensor, peertopeer, and ad hoc networks, we study distributed algorithms, also known as gossip algorithms, for exchanging information and for computing in an arbitrarily connected network of nodes. The topology of such networks changes continuously as new nodes join a ..."
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Cited by 532 (5 self)
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method that solves the optimization problem over the network. The relation of averaging time to the second largest eigenvalue naturally relates it to the mixing time of a random walk with transition probabilities derived from the gossip algorithm. We use this connection to study the performance
Factor Graphs and the SumProduct Algorithm
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY
, 1998
"... A factor graph is a bipartite graph that expresses how a "global" function of many variables factors into a product of "local" functions. Factor graphs subsume many other graphical models including Bayesian networks, Markov random fields, and Tanner graphs. Following one simple c ..."
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Cited by 1791 (69 self)
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computational rule, the sumproduct algorithm operates in factor graphs to computeeither exactly or approximatelyvarious marginal functions by distributed messagepassing in the graph. A wide variety of algorithms developed in artificial intelligence, signal processing, and digital communications can
Analysis of Recommendation Algorithms for ECommerce
, 2000
"... Recommender systems apply statistical and knowledge discovery techniques to the problem of making product recommendations during a live customer interaction and they are achieving widespread success in ECommerce nowadays. In this paper, we investigate several techniques for analyzing largescale pu ..."
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Cited by 523 (22 self)
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scale purchase and preference data for the purpose of producing useful recommendations to customers. In particular, we apply a collection of algorithms such as traditional data mining, nearestneighbor collaborative ltering, and dimensionality reduction on two dierent data sets. The rst data set was derived from
A new learning algorithm for blind signal separation

, 1996
"... A new online learning algorithm which minimizes a statistical dependency among outputs is derived for blind separation of mixed signals. The dependency is measured by the average mutual information (MI) of the outputs. The source signals and the mixing matrix are unknown except for the number of ..."
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Cited by 622 (80 self)
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A new online learning algorithm which minimizes a statistical dependency among outputs is derived for blind separation of mixed signals. The dependency is measured by the average mutual information (MI) of the outputs. The source signals and the mixing matrix are unknown except for the number
A fast learning algorithm for deep belief nets
 Neural Computation
, 2006
"... We show how to use “complementary priors ” to eliminate the explaining away effects that make inference difficult in denselyconnected belief nets that have many hidden layers. Using complementary priors, we derive a fast, greedy algorithm that can learn deep, directed belief networks one layer at a ..."
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Cited by 970 (49 self)
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We show how to use “complementary priors ” to eliminate the explaining away effects that make inference difficult in denselyconnected belief nets that have many hidden layers. Using complementary priors, we derive a fast, greedy algorithm that can learn deep, directed belief networks one layer
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