### Table 6.2: Resource Sizes with Width Scaling [53]

2006

### Table 15: Poverty and Inequality Group Weights Welfare Theil P0 P1 P2 P0*

"... In PAGE 47: ... The second (P0*) corresponds to the computation of the poverty rate under the standard assumption of a lognormal distribution of the within-group income, with endogenous mean and fixed variance. Table15 gives a static image of the differences between the two measures. At the aggregated level, P0* underestimates the poverty rate, but the results differ according to groups.... ..."

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### Table 2 Comparison of the GIST andGMST on three diVTerent graphs a

"... In PAGE 14: ... A simple example will serve to illustrate this point. Table2 compares the weight andtortuosity of trees generated on several underlying graphs. The FFrst data set is for the graph used in generating Fig.... In PAGE 15: ...rom a Gaussian distribution with mean 0.5. The Gaussian distribution was scaled such that the standard deviation matched that of a uniform distribution between 0 and 1, with values below 0 or above 1 set to the appropriate extreme. The statistical properties of the GIST andGMST on this graph are listedin Table2 as Graph 3. The results are very similar to those for a graph with uniformly distributed edge weights.... ..."

### Table 3. Income redistribution and Inequality

"... In PAGE 24: ...3 Therefore, given a high a degree of universalism in transfers, a more equal income distribution must be obtained via the tax system. Table3 shows a number of indicators associated with redistribution. Column one shows public income transfers as a share of GDP4 and column two the top marginal tax rate on wage income, the next two show two widely used measures of inequality, income distribution shares and Gini- coefficients, while the final column shows poverty rates in the working-age population.... ..."

### Table 4: Changes in Inequality in Globalizers

"... In PAGE 12: ... Most developing countries do not have good household surveys conducted each year, so we have to work with the limited data that are available. Table4 reports the Gini coefficient closest to 1980 plus the most recent estimate for those countries appearing in Tables 1 and 2 for which we have nationally representative household surveys. Of the 39 countries covered in our three possible definitions of globalizers, only 23 have income distribution data which allows us to make comparisons of the 1990s relative to the 1980s.... In PAGE 23: ... In other words, there is no systematic tendency for trade to be associated with rising inequality that might undermine its benefits for growth and poverty reduction. This evidence mirrors the anecdotal evidence in Table4 which documented the absence of significant patters in changes in inequality among our globalizers. We gather data on the income distribution from a variety of existing sources, as documented in more detail in the other paper.... ..."

### Table 4: Changes in Inequality in Globalizers

"... In PAGE 12: ... Most developing countries do not have good household surveys conducted each year, so we have to work with the limited data that are available. Table4 reports the Gini coefficient closest to 1980 plus the most recent estimate for those countries appearing in Tables 1 and 2 for which we have nationally representative household surveys. Of the 39 countries covered in our three possible definitions of globalizers, only 23 have income distribution data which allows us to make comparisons of the 1990s relative to the 1980s.... In PAGE 23: ... In other words, there is no systematic tendency for trade to be associated with rising inequality that might undermine its benefits for growth and poverty reduction. This evidence mirrors the anecdotal evidence in Table4 which documented the absence of significant patters in changes in inequality among our globalizers. We gather data on the income distribution from a variety of existing sources, as documented in more detail in the other paper.... ..."

### Table 3. Inequality Coefficients of Actual and Simulated Distributions of Equivalent Incomea

"... In PAGE 10: ... III. Summary Measures of Inequality The results for the Gini and Atkinson measures of inequality are presented in Table3 . The Ginis a re presented in the European style expressed as a percentage and ranging from 0 to 100.... In PAGE 12: ...F rom the perspective of The Netherlands, the imposition of ot her demography results in some v ery interesting changes in both the level and range in inequality using the Gini measures in the final c olumn of Table3 . From other nations perspective, the final column is akin to imposing the Dutch i ncome package in their nation.... ..."

### Table 6. Inequality and the Measurement of Inequality

"... In PAGE 5: ...akistan .... 12 Table6 . Inequality and the Measurement of Inequality .... In PAGE 19: ...8 Given the analysis above, inequality should increase with a more comprehensive definition of consumption (by an argument similar to that given above with respect to FGT indicators with ca 2 1). Table6 presents calculations for both Ecuador and Pakistan. Estimated inequality in Ecuador ranges from a Gini coefficient of 0.... ..."

### Table 24: Inequality Projections 2003 and 2008.

"... In PAGE 19: ...roduct (GDP) per person grew 5.5% per year from 1988 to 1998. In other words, this is a projection of what would happen to income inequality if Vietnamese economic growth continued as it has in the recent past. The inequality projections are shown in Table24 . The first column shows the actual figures for 1998, and the second and third columns show the projects for 2003 and 2008, respectively.... In PAGE 21: ...20 If the divergence of agricultural and non-agricultural incomes is slower than predicted in Table24 , but income distribution within the agriculture and non-agriculture remain unchanged, then income distribution will worsen more slowly than predicted in Table 24. The rising inequality that looks likely for Vietnam is a consequence of the declining role agriculture as the economy develops, and the unusually equal distribution of incomes among Vietnamese farm households.... ..."

### Table 2 Inequality in Three Villages of Chengguan Township

"... In PAGE 8: ...households in three administrative villages was conducted.5 Table2 presents the summary statistics of the survey in three villages in Chengguan Township. These three villages are chosen randomly from the Chengguan Township.... In PAGE 9: ... Inequality within Villages The patterns of village inequality As a first step, we make use of the census household survey in three villages to examine income distribution within administrative villages. Table2 reports the two common measures of inequality in income and expenditure, Gini coefficient and Generalized Entropy (GE) in three villages in Chengguan Township.8 For the outcome variable of income, the overall Gini coefficient for three villages is high at 0.... ..."