Results 1  10
of
1,817,163
Quantum Gravity
, 2004
"... We describe the basic assumptions and key results of loop quantum gravity, which is a background independent approach to quantum gravity. The emphasis is on the basic physical principles and how one deduces predictions from them, at a level suitable for physicists in other areas such as string theor ..."
Abstract

Cited by 566 (11 self)
 Add to MetaCart
We describe the basic assumptions and key results of loop quantum gravity, which is a background independent approach to quantum gravity. The emphasis is on the basic physical principles and how one deduces predictions from them, at a level suitable for physicists in other areas such as string
ModelBased Clustering, Discriminant Analysis, and Density Estimation
 JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN STATISTICAL ASSOCIATION
, 2000
"... Cluster analysis is the automated search for groups of related observations in a data set. Most clustering done in practice is based largely on heuristic but intuitively reasonable procedures and most clustering methods available in commercial software are also of this type. However, there is little ..."
Abstract

Cited by 557 (28 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Cluster analysis is the automated search for groups of related observations in a data set. Most clustering done in practice is based largely on heuristic but intuitively reasonable procedures and most clustering methods available in commercial software are also of this type. However
Scatter/Gather: A Clusterbased Approach to Browsing Large Document Collections
, 1992
"... Document clustering has not been well received as an information retrieval tool. Objections to its use fall into two main categories: first, that clustering is too slow for large corpora (with running time often quadratic in the number of documents); and second, that clustering does not appreciably ..."
Abstract

Cited by 772 (12 self)
 Add to MetaCart
improve retrieval. We argue that these problems arise only when clustering is used in an attempt to improve conventional search techniques. However, looking at clustering as an information access tool in its own right obviates these objections, and provides a powerful new access paradigm. We present a
Mean shift, mode seeking, and clustering
 IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
, 1995
"... AbstractMean shift, a simple iterative procedure that shifts each data point to the average of data points in its neighborhood, is generalized and analyzed in this paper. This generalization makes some kmeans like clustering algorithms its special cases. It is shown that mean shift is a modeseeki ..."
Abstract

Cited by 620 (0 self)
 Add to MetaCart
AbstractMean shift, a simple iterative procedure that shifts each data point to the average of data points in its neighborhood, is generalized and analyzed in this paper. This generalization makes some kmeans like clustering algorithms its special cases. It is shown that mean shift is a mode
Gravity with Gravitas: a Solution to the Border Puzzle
, 2001
"... Gravity equations have been widely used to infer trade ow effects of various institutional arrangements. We show that estimated gravity equations do not have a theoretical foundation. This implies both that estimation suffers from omitted variables bias and that comparative statics analysis is unfo ..."
Abstract

Cited by 610 (3 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Gravity equations have been widely used to infer trade ow effects of various institutional arrangements. We show that estimated gravity equations do not have a theoretical foundation. This implies both that estimation suffers from omitted variables bias and that comparative statics analysis
Mining Generalized Association Rules
, 1995
"... We introduce the problem of mining generalized association rules. Given a large database of transactions, where each transaction consists of a set of items, and a taxonomy (isa hierarchy) on the items, we find associations between items at any level of the taxonomy. For example, given a taxonomy th ..."
Abstract

Cited by 577 (7 self)
 Add to MetaCart
We introduce the problem of mining generalized association rules. Given a large database of transactions, where each transaction consists of a set of items, and a taxonomy (isa hierarchy) on the items, we find associations between items at any level of the taxonomy. For example, given a taxonomy
Fast Algorithms for Mining Association Rules
, 1994
"... We consider the problem of discovering association rules between items in a large database of sales transactions. We present two new algorithms for solving this problem that are fundamentally different from the known algorithms. Empirical evaluation shows that these algorithms outperform the known a ..."
Abstract

Cited by 3551 (15 self)
 Add to MetaCart
We consider the problem of discovering association rules between items in a large database of sales transactions. We present two new algorithms for solving this problem that are fundamentally different from the known algorithms. Empirical evaluation shows that these algorithms outperform the known
Dynamic Itemset Counting and Implication Rules for Market Basket Data
, 1997
"... We consider the problem of analyzing marketbasket data and present several important contributions. First, we present a new algorithm for finding large itemsets which uses fewer passes over the data than classic algorithms, and yet uses fewer candidate itemsets than methods based on sampling. We in ..."
Abstract

Cited by 599 (6 self)
 Add to MetaCart
We consider the problem of analyzing marketbasket data and present several important contributions. First, we present a new algorithm for finding large itemsets which uses fewer passes over the data than classic algorithms, and yet uses fewer candidate itemsets than methods based on sampling. We
Fast Effective Rule Induction
, 1995
"... Many existing rule learning systems are computationally expensive on large noisy datasets. In this paper we evaluate the recentlyproposed rule learning algorithm IREP on a large and diverse collection of benchmark problems. We show that while IREP is extremely efficient, it frequently gives error r ..."
Abstract

Cited by 1257 (21 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Many existing rule learning systems are computationally expensive on large noisy datasets. In this paper we evaluate the recentlyproposed rule learning algorithm IREP on a large and diverse collection of benchmark problems. We show that while IREP is extremely efficient, it frequently gives error
KodairaSpencer theory of gravity and exact results for quantum string amplitudes
 Commun. Math. Phys
, 1994
"... We develop techniques to compute higher loop string amplitudes for twisted N = 2 theories with ĉ = 3 (i.e. the critical case). An important ingredient is the discovery of an anomaly at every genus in decoupling of BRST trivial states, captured to all orders by a master anomaly equation. In a particu ..."
Abstract

Cited by 545 (60 self)
 Add to MetaCart
We develop techniques to compute higher loop string amplitudes for twisted N = 2 theories with ĉ = 3 (i.e. the critical case). An important ingredient is the discovery of an anomaly at every genus in decoupling of BRST trivial states, captured to all orders by a master anomaly equation. In a
Results 1  10
of
1,817,163