Results 1  10
of
458,592
The empirical case for two systems of reasoning
, 1996
"... Distinctions have been proposed between systems of reasoning for centuries. This article distills properties shared by many of these distinctions and characterizes the resulting systems in light of recent findings and theoretical developments. One system is associative because its computations ref ..."
Abstract

Cited by 631 (4 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Distinctions have been proposed between systems of reasoning for centuries. This article distills properties shared by many of these distinctions and characterizes the resulting systems in light of recent findings and theoretical developments. One system is associative because its computations
Practical network support for IP traceback
, 2000
"... This paper describes a technique for tracing anonymous packet flooding attacks in the Internet back towards their source. This work is motivated by the increased frequency and sophistication of denialofservice attacks and by the difficulty in tracing packets with incorrect, or “spoofed”, source ad ..."
Abstract

Cited by 666 (14 self)
 Add to MetaCart
addresses. In this paper we describe a general purpose traceback mechanism based on probabilistic packet marking in the network. Our approach allows a victim to identify the network path(s) traversed by attack traffic without requiring interactive operational support from Internet Service Providers (ISPs
Exact Sampling with Coupled Markov Chains and Applications to Statistical Mechanics
, 1996
"... For many applications it is useful to sample from a finite set of objects in accordance with some particular distribution. One approach is to run an ergodic (i.e., irreducible aperiodic) Markov chain whose stationary distribution is the desired distribution on this set; after the Markov chain has ..."
Abstract

Cited by 548 (13 self)
 Add to MetaCart
For many applications it is useful to sample from a finite set of objects in accordance with some particular distribution. One approach is to run an ergodic (i.e., irreducible aperiodic) Markov chain whose stationary distribution is the desired distribution on this set; after the Markov chain
Transactional Memory: Architectural Support for LockFree Data Structures
"... A shared data structure is lockfree if its operations do not require mutual exclusion. If one process is interrupted in the middle of an operation, other processes will not be prevented from operating on that object. In highly concurrent systems, lockfree data structures avoid common problems asso ..."
Abstract

Cited by 1006 (24 self)
 Add to MetaCart
A shared data structure is lockfree if its operations do not require mutual exclusion. If one process is interrupted in the middle of an operation, other processes will not be prevented from operating on that object. In highly concurrent systems, lockfree data structures avoid common problems associated with conventional locking techniques, including priority inversion, convoying, and difficulty of avoiding deadlock. This paper introduces transactional memory, a new multiprocessor architecture intended to make lockfree synchronization as efficient (and easy to use) as conventional techniques based on mutual exclusion. Transactional memory allows programmers to define customized readmodifywrite operations that apply to multiple, independentlychosen words of memory. It is implemented by straightforward extensions to any multiprocessor cachecoherence protocol. Simulation results show that transactional memory matches or outperforms the best known locking techniques for simple benchmarks, even in the absence of priority inversion, convoying, and deadlock.
The DLV System for Knowledge Representation and Reasoning
 ACM Transactions on Computational Logic
, 2002
"... Disjunctive Logic Programming (DLP) is an advanced formalism for knowledge representation and reasoning, which is very expressive in a precise mathematical sense: it allows to express every property of finite structures that is decidable in the complexity class ΣP 2 (NPNP). Thus, under widely believ ..."
Abstract

Cited by 455 (100 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Disjunctive Logic Programming (DLP) is an advanced formalism for knowledge representation and reasoning, which is very expressive in a precise mathematical sense: it allows to express every property of finite structures that is decidable in the complexity class ΣP 2 (NPNP). Thus, under widely
A Conceptual Framework and a Toolkit for Supporting the Rapid Prototyping of ContextAware Applications
, 2001
"... Computing devices and applications are now used beyond the desktop, in diverse environments, and this trend toward ubiquitous computing is accelerating. One challenge that remains in this emerging research field is the ability to enhance the behavior of any application by informing it of the context ..."
Abstract

Cited by 891 (28 self)
 Add to MetaCart
application. We have built a toolkit, the Context Toolkit, that instantiates this conceptual framework and supports the rapid development of a rich space of contextaware applications. We illustrate the usefulness of the conceptual framework by describing a number of contextaware applications that h...
Cognitive load during problem solving: effects on learning
 COGNITIVE SCIENCE
, 1988
"... Considerable evidence indicates that domain specific knowledge in the form of schemes is the primary factor distinguishing experts from novices in problemsolving skill. Evidence that conventional problemsolving activity is not effective in schema acquisition is also accumulating. It is suggested t ..."
Abstract

Cited by 603 (13 self)
 Add to MetaCart
that a major reason for the ineffectiveness of problem solving as a learning device, is that the cognitive processes required by the two activities overlap insufficiently, and that conventional problem solving in the form of meansends analysis requires a relatively large amount of cognitive processing
Factor Graphs and the SumProduct Algorithm
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY
, 1998
"... A factor graph is a bipartite graph that expresses how a "global" function of many variables factors into a product of "local" functions. Factor graphs subsume many other graphical models including Bayesian networks, Markov random fields, and Tanner graphs. Following one simple c ..."
Abstract

Cited by 1787 (72 self)
 Add to MetaCart
be derived as specific instances of the sumproduct algorithm, including the forward/backward algorithm, the Viterbi algorithm, the iterative "turbo" decoding algorithm, Pearl's belief propagation algorithm for Bayesian networks, the Kalman filter, and certain fast Fourier transform algorithms.
Results 1  10
of
458,592