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503,923
A Conceptual Framework and a Toolkit for Supporting the Rapid Prototyping of ContextAware Applications
, 2001
"... Computing devices and applications are now used beyond the desktop, in diverse environments, and this trend toward ubiquitous computing is accelerating. One challenge that remains in this emerging research field is the ability to enhance the behavior of any application by informing it of the context ..."
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Cited by 891 (28 self)
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application. We have built a toolkit, the Context Toolkit, that instantiates this conceptual framework and supports the rapid development of a rich space of contextaware applications. We illustrate the usefulness of the conceptual framework by describing a number of contextaware applications that h...
A learning algorithm for Boltzmann machines
 Cognitive Science
, 1985
"... The computotionol power of massively parallel networks of simple processing elements resides in the communication bandwidth provided by the hardware connections between elements. These connections con allow a significant fraction of the knowledge of the system to be applied to an instance of a probl ..."
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Cited by 586 (13 self)
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to a general learning rule for modifying the connection strengths so as to incorporate knowledge obout o task domain in on efficient way. We describe some simple examples in which the learning algorithm creates internal representations thot ore demonstrobly the most efficient way of using
An Efficient Boosting Algorithm for Combining Preferences
, 1999
"... The problem of combining preferences arises in several applications, such as combining the results of different search engines. This work describes an efficient algorithm for combining multiple preferences. We first give a formal framework for the problem. We then describe and analyze a new boosting ..."
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Cited by 707 (18 self)
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boosting algorithm for combining preferences called RankBoost. We also describe an efficient implementation of the algorithm for certain natural cases. We discuss two experiments we carried out to assess the performance of RankBoost. In the first experiment, we used the algorithm to combine different WWW
A Signal Processing Approach To Fair Surface Design
, 1995
"... In this paper we describe a new tool for interactive freeform fair surface design. By generalizing classical discrete Fourier analysis to twodimensional discrete surface signals  functions defined on polyhedral surfaces of arbitrary topology , we reduce the problem of surface smoothing, or fai ..."
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Cited by 668 (15 self)
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, or fairing, to lowpass filtering. We describe a very simple surface signal lowpass filter algorithm that applies to surfaces of arbitrary topology. As opposed to other existing optimizationbased fairing methods, which are computationally more expensive, this is a linear time and space complexity algorithm
Algorithms for Scalable Synchronization on SharedMemory Multiprocessors
 ACM Transactions on Computer Systems
, 1991
"... Busywait techniques are heavily used for mutual exclusion and barrier synchronization in sharedmemory parallel programs. Unfortunately, typical implementations of busywaiting tend to produce large amounts of memory and interconnect contention, introducing performance bottlenecks that become marke ..."
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Cited by 567 (32 self)
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new scalable algorithm for spin locks that generates O(1) remote references per lock acquisition, independent of the number of processors attempting to acquire the lock. Our algorithm provides reasonable latency in the absence of contention, requires only a constant amount of space per lock
Probabilistic Roadmaps for Path Planning in HighDimensional Configuration Spaces
 IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ROBOTICS AND AUTOMATION
, 1996
"... A new motion planning method for robots in static workspaces is presented. This method proceeds in two phases: a learning phase and a query phase. In the learning phase, a probabilistic roadmap is constructed and stored as a graph whose nodes correspond to collisionfree configurations and whose edg ..."
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Cited by 1276 (124 self)
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edges correspond to feasible paths between these configurations. These paths are computed using a simple and fast local planner. In the query phase, any given start and goal configurations of the robot are connected to two nodes of the roadmap; the roadmap is then searched for a path joining these two
SNOPT: An SQP Algorithm For LargeScale Constrained Optimization
, 2002
"... Sequential quadratic programming (SQP) methods have proved highly effective for solving constrained optimization problems with smooth nonlinear functions in the objective and constraints. Here we consider problems with general inequality constraints (linear and nonlinear). We assume that first deriv ..."
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Cited by 582 (23 self)
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Sequential quadratic programming (SQP) methods have proved highly effective for solving constrained optimization problems with smooth nonlinear functions in the objective and constraints. Here we consider problems with general inequality constraints (linear and nonlinear). We assume that first derivatives are available, and that the constraint gradients are sparse. We discuss
LSQR: An Algorithm for Sparse Linear Equations and Sparse Least Squares
 ACM Trans. Math. Software
, 1982
"... An iterative method is given for solving Ax ~ffi b and minU Ax b 112, where the matrix A is large and sparse. The method is based on the bidiagonalization procedure of Golub and Kahan. It is analytically equivalent to the standard method of conjugate gradients, but possesses more favorable numerica ..."
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Cited by 649 (21 self)
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gradient algorithms, indicating that I~QR is the most reliable algorithm when A is illconditioned. Categories and Subject Descriptors: G.1.2 [Numerical Analysis]: ApprorJmationleast squares approximation; G.1.3 [Numerical Analysis]: Numerical Linear Algebralinear systems (direct and
A Simple, Fast, and Accurate Algorithm to Estimate Large Phylogenies by Maximum Likelihood
, 2003
"... The increase in the number of large data sets and the complexity of current probabilistic sequence evolution models necessitates fast and reliable phylogeny reconstruction methods. We describe a new approach, based on the maximumlikelihood principle, which clearly satisfies these requirements. The ..."
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Cited by 2109 (30 self)
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. The core of this method is a simple hillclimbing algorithm that adjusts tree topology and branch lengths simultaneously. This algorithm starts from an initial tree built by a fast distancebased method and modifies this tree to improve its likelihood at each iteration. Due to this simultaneous adjustment
Implicit Fairing of Irregular Meshes using Diffusion and Curvature Flow
, 1999
"... In this paper, we develop methods to rapidly remove rough features from irregularly triangulated data intended to portray a smooth surface. The main task is to remove undesirable noise and uneven edges while retaining desirable geometric features. The problem arises mainly when creating highfidelit ..."
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Cited by 553 (24 self)
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In this paper, we develop methods to rapidly remove rough features from irregularly triangulated data intended to portray a smooth surface. The main task is to remove undesirable noise and uneven edges while retaining desirable geometric features. The problem arises mainly when creating high
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