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1,185
ON JUSTIFICATION OF GIBBS DISTRIBUTION
, 2001
"... The paper develop a new approach to the justication of Gibbs canonical distribution for Hamiltonian systems with nite number of degrees of freedom. It uses the condition of nonintegrability of the ensemble of weak interacting Hamiltonian systems. Gibbs distribution. We consider the probability distr ..."
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with respect to probability measure with density (1.1) give rise to the fundamental relations of equilibrium thermodynamics. To deduce the canonical Gibbs distribution one usually consider the ensemble of Hamiltonian systems with Hamiltonian function of the following form
Empirical Justification of the Gain and Discount Function for nDCG
"... The nDCG measure has proven to be a popular measure of retrieval effectiveness utilizing graded relevance judgments. However, a number of different instantiations of nDCG exist, depending on the arbitrary definition of the gain and discount functions used (1) to dictate the relative value of documen ..."
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Cited by 15 (2 self)
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The nDCG measure has proven to be a popular measure of retrieval effectiveness utilizing graded relevance judgments. However, a number of different instantiations of nDCG exist, depending on the arbitrary definition of the gain and discount functions used (1) to dictate the relative value
Understanding inverse document frequency: On theoretical arguments for IDF
 Journal of Documentation
, 2004
"... The term weighting function known as IDF was proposed in 1972, and has since been extremely widely used, usually as part of a TF*IDF function. It is often described as a heuristic, and many papers have been written (some based on Shannon’s Information Theory) seeking to establish some theoretical ba ..."
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Cited by 168 (2 self)
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The term weighting function known as IDF was proposed in 1972, and has since been extremely widely used, usually as part of a TF*IDF function. It is often described as a heuristic, and many papers have been written (some based on Shannon’s Information Theory) seeking to establish some theoretical
SelfReferential Justifications in Epistemic Logic
, 2009
"... This paper is devoted to the study of selfreferential proofs and/or justifications, i.e., valid proofs that prove statements about these same proofs. The goal is to investigate whether such selfreferential justifications are present in the reasoning described by standard modal epistemic logics suc ..."
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Cited by 9 (6 self)
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functions used to effectively build models for justification logics. We observe that the calculus used to construct the minimal functions axiomatizes the reflected fragments of justification logics. We also discuss difficulties that result from an introduction of negative introspection.
The Security of Cipher Block Chaining
, 1994
"... The Cipher Block Chaining  Message Authentication Code (CBC MAC) specifies that a message x = x 1 \Delta \Delta \Delta xm be authenticated among parties who share a secret key a by tagging x with a prefix of f (m) a (x) def = f a (f a (\Delta \Delta \Delta f a (f a (x 1 )\Phix 2 )\Phi \Delta ..."
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Cited by 171 (28 self)
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\Delta \Delta \Delta \Phix m\Gamma1 )\Phix m ) ; where f is some underlying block cipher (eg. f = DES). This method is a pervasively used international and U.S. standard. We provide its first formal justification, showing the following general lemma: that cipher block chaining a pseudorandom function
unknown title
"... Mentalist evidentialism vindicated (and a superblooper epistemic design problem for proper function justification) ..."
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Mentalist evidentialism vindicated (and a superblooper epistemic design problem for proper function justification)
Communication, Expression, and the Justification of Punishment Communication, Expression, and the Justification of Punishment
"... Abstract Some philosophers (Duff, Hampton) conceive of punishment as a way of communicating a message to the punished and argue that this communicative function justifies the harm of punishment. I object to communicative theories because punishment seems intuitively justified in cases in which it f ..."
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Abstract Some philosophers (Duff, Hampton) conceive of punishment as a way of communicating a message to the punished and argue that this communicative function justifies the harm of punishment. I object to communicative theories because punishment seems intuitively justified in cases in which
On Efficiency Of Learning: A Framework And Justification
, 2000
"... . A conceptual framework whose goal is the efficiency of machine learning is proposed and justified. The framework is designed in a broader context, that of problem solver (PS). The design is solved as an integration of all basic cognitive functions and as a softwareengineering problem. Many (one h ..."
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. A conceptual framework whose goal is the efficiency of machine learning is proposed and justified. The framework is designed in a broader context, that of problem solver (PS). The design is solved as an integration of all basic cognitive functions and as a softwareengineering problem. Many (one
Perceptual Justification and Assertively Representing the World∗
"... Abstract. This paper argues that there is a problem for the justificatory significance of perceptions that has been overlooked thus far. Assuming that perceptual experiences are propositional attitudes and that only propositional attitudes which assertively represent the world can function as justi ..."
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Abstract. This paper argues that there is a problem for the justificatory significance of perceptions that has been overlooked thus far. Assuming that perceptual experiences are propositional attitudes and that only propositional attitudes which assertively represent the world can function
The Privatization Of Punishment: Justification, Expectations, And Experience
"... Interest in the privatization of the American correctional system has increased dramatically during the current decade. A number of arguments have been advanced to justify the transfer of correctional responsibilities from the public to the private sector. As with any reform movement, the reasons ad ..."
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of fit are considered. CJPR, VOL. 3, NO. 1, 3/89,!UP During the present decade a substantial amount of attention has been directed toward consideration of the privatization of various traditional functions of government (e.g., transportation, trash collection, health services, etc.). An increasing
Results 11  20
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1,185