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Theoretical improvements in algorithmic efficiency for network flow problems

, 1972
"... This paper presents new algorithms for the maximum flow problem, the Hitchcock transportation problem, and the general minimumcost flow problem. Upper bounds on ... the numbers of steps in these algorithms are derived, and are shown to compale favorably with upper bounds on the numbers of steps req ..."
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Cited by 560 (0 self)
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This paper presents new algorithms for the maximum flow problem, the Hitchcock transportation problem, and the general minimumcost flow problem. Upper bounds on ... the numbers of steps in these algorithms are derived, and are shown to compale favorably with upper bounds on the numbers of steps required by earlier algorithms. First, the paper states the maximum flow problem, gives the FordFulkerson labeling method for its solution, and points out that an improper choice of flow augmenting paths can lead to severe computational difficulties. Then rules of choice that avoid these difficulties are given. We show that, if each flow augmentation is made along an augmenting path having a minimum number of arcs, then a maximum flow in an nnode network will be obtained after no more than ~(n a n) augmentations; and then we show that if each flow change is chosen to produce a maximum increase in the flow value then, provided the capacities are integral, a maximum flow will be determined within at most 1 + logM/(M1) if(t, S) augmentations, wheref*(t, s) is the value of the maximum flow and M is the maximum number of arcs across a cut. Next a new algorithm is given for the minimumcost flow problem, in which all shortestpath computations are performed on networks with all weights nonnegative. In particular, this
Efficient semantic matching
, 2004
"... We think of Match as an operator which takes two graphlike structures and produces a mapping between semantically related nodes. We concentrate on classifications with tree structures. In semantic matching, correspondences are discovered by translating the natural language labels of nodes into prop ..."
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Cited by 855 (68 self)
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of problems. According to the tests we have done so far, the optimizations substantially improve the time performance of the system.
Efficient Variants of the ICP Algorithm
 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON 3D DIGITAL IMAGING AND MODELING
, 2001
"... The ICP (Iterative Closest Point) algorithm is widely used for geometric alignment of threedimensional models when an initial estimate of the relative pose is known. Many variants of ICP have been proposed, affecting all phases of the algorithm from the selection and matching of points to the minim ..."
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Cited by 718 (5 self)
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to the minimization strategy. We enumerate and classify many of these variants, and evaluate their effect on the speed with which the correct alignment is reached. In order to improve convergence for nearlyflat meshes with small features, such as inscribed surfaces, we introduce a new variant based on uniform
Efficient implementation of a BDD package
 In Proceedings of the 27th ACM/IEEE conference on Design autamation
, 1991
"... Efficient manipulation of Boolean functions is an important component of many computeraided design tasks. This paper describes a package for manipulating Boolean functions based on the reduced, ordered, binary decision diagram (ROBDD) representation. The package is based on an efficient implementat ..."
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Cited by 504 (9 self)
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to decrease memory use. Memory function efficiency is improved by using rules that detect. when equivalent functions are computed. The usefulness of the package is enhanced by an automatic and lowcost scheme for rec:ycling memory. Experimental results are given to demonstrate why various implementation trade
Chaff: Engineering an Efficient SAT Solver
, 2001
"... Boolean Satisfiability is probably the most studied of combinatorial optimization/search problems. Significant effort has been devoted to trying to provide practical solutions to this problem for problem instances encountered in a range of applications in Electronic Design Automation (EDA), as well ..."
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Cited by 1350 (18 self)
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. In this paper we describe the development of a new complete solver, Chaff, which achieves significant performance gains through careful engineering of all aspects of the search – especially a particularly efficient implementation of Boolean constraint propagation (BCP) and a novel low overhead decision strategy
Efficient belief propagation for early vision
 In CVPR
, 2004
"... Markov random field models provide a robust and unified framework for early vision problems such as stereo, optical flow and image restoration. Inference algorithms based on graph cuts and belief propagation yield accurate results, but despite recent advances are often still too slow for practical u ..."
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Cited by 515 (8 self)
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use. In this paper we present new algorithmic techniques that substantially improve the running time of the belief propagation approach. One of our techniques reduces the complexity of the inference algorithm to be linear rather than quadratic in the number of possible labels for each pixel, which
Efficient SoftwareBased Fault Isolation
, 1993
"... One way to provide fault isolation among cooperating software modules is to place each in its own address space. However, for tightlycoupled modules, this solution incurs prohibitive context switch overhead, In this paper, we present a software approach to implementing fault isolation within a sing ..."
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Cited by 777 (12 self)
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modules. We demonstrate that for frequently communicating modules, implementing fault isolation in software rather than hardware can substantially improve endtoend application performance.
A LinearTime Heuristic for Improving Network Partitions
, 1982
"... An iterative mincut heuristic for partitioning networks is presented whose worst case computation time, per pass, grows linearly with the size of the network. In practice, only a very small number of passes are typically needed, leading to a fast approximation algorithm for mincut partitioning. To d ..."
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Cited by 524 (0 self)
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. To deal with cells of various sizes, the algorithm progresses by moving one cell at a time between the blocks of the partition while maintaining a desired balance based on the size of the blocks rather than the number of cells per block. Efficient data structures are used to avoid unnecessary searching
BIRCH: an efficient data clustering method for very large databases
 In Proc. of the ACM SIGMOD Intl. Conference on Management of Data (SIGMOD
, 1996
"... Finding useful patterns in large datasets has attracted considerable interest recently, and one of the most widely st,udied problems in this area is the identification of clusters, or deusel y populated regions, in a multidir nensional clataset. Prior work does not adequately address the problem of ..."
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Cited by 576 (2 self)
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multidimensional metric data points to try to produce the best quality clustering with the available resources (i. e., available memory and time constraints). BIRCH can typically find a goocl clustering with a single scan of the data, and improve the quality further with a few aclditioual scans. BIRCH
Improved algorithms for optimal winner determination in combinatorial auctions and generalizations
, 2000
"... Combinatorial auctions can be used to reach efficient resource and task allocations in multiagent systems where the items are complementary. Determining the winners is NPcomplete and inapproximable, but it was recently shown that optimal search algorithms do very well on average. This paper present ..."
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Cited by 582 (53 self)
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Combinatorial auctions can be used to reach efficient resource and task allocations in multiagent systems where the items are complementary. Determining the winners is NPcomplete and inapproximable, but it was recently shown that optimal search algorithms do very well on average. This paper
Results 1  10
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