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Estimation of probabilities from sparse data for the language model component of a speech recognizer
 IEEE Transactions on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing
, 1987
"... AbstractThe description of a novel type of rngram language model is given. The model offers, via a nonlinear recursive procedure, a computation and space efficient solution to the problem of estimating probabilities from sparse data. This solution compares favorably to other proposed methods. Wh ..."
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Cited by 799 (2 self)
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AbstractThe description of a novel type of rngram language model is given. The model offers, via a nonlinear recursive procedure, a computation and space efficient solution to the problem of estimating probabilities from sparse data. This solution compares favorably to other proposed methods
Loopy belief propagation for approximate inference: An empirical study. In:
 Proceedings of Uncertainty in AI,
, 1999
"... Abstract Recently, researchers have demonstrated that "loopy belief propagation" the use of Pearl's polytree algorithm in a Bayesian network with loops can perform well in the context of errorcorrecting codes. The most dramatic instance of this is the near Shannonlimit performanc ..."
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Cited by 676 (15 self)
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nothing directly to do with coding or decoding will show that in some sense belief propagation "converges with high probability to a nearoptimum value" of the desired belief on a class of loopy DAGs Progress in the analysis of loopy belief propagation has been made for the case of networks
Implicit learning and tacit knowledge
 Journal of Experimental Psychology: General
, 1989
"... I examine the phenomenon of implicit learning, the process by which knowledge about the ralegoverned complexities of the stimulus environment is acquired independently of conscious attempts to do so. Our research with the two, seemingly disparate experimental paradigms of synthetic grammar learning ..."
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Cited by 425 (1 self)
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learning and probability learning is reviewed and integrated with other approaches to the general problem of unconscious cognition. The conclusions reached are as follows: (a) Implicit learning produces a tacit knowledge base that is abstract and representative of the structure of the environment; (b
An Analysis of FirstOrder Logics of Probability
 Artificial Intelligence
, 1990
"... : We consider two approaches to giving semantics to firstorder logics of probability. The first approach puts a probability on the domain, and is appropriate for giving semantics to formulas involving statistical information such as "The probability that a randomly chosen bird flies is greater ..."
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Cited by 314 (17 self)
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: We consider two approaches to giving semantics to firstorder logics of probability. The first approach puts a probability on the domain, and is appropriate for giving semantics to formulas involving statistical information such as "The probability that a randomly chosen bird flies
ProbView: A Flexible Probabilistic Database System
 ACM TRANSACTIONS ON DATABASE SYSTEMS
, 1997
"... ... In this article, we characterize, using postulates, whole classes of strategies for conjunction, disjunction, and negation, meaningful from the viewpoint of probability theory. (1) We propose a probabilistic relational data model and a generic probabilistic relational algebra that neatly capture ..."
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Cited by 202 (14 self)
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... In this article, we characterize, using postulates, whole classes of strategies for conjunction, disjunction, and negation, meaningful from the viewpoint of probability theory. (1) We propose a probabilistic relational data model and a generic probabilistic relational algebra that neatly
Development and neurophysiology of mentalizing
 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences
, 2003
"... The mentalizing (theory of mind) system of the brain is probably in operation from ca. 18 months of age, allowing implicit attribution of intentions and other mental states. Between the ages of 4 and 6 years explicit mentalizing becomes possible, and from this age children are able to explain the mi ..."
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Cited by 296 (13 self)
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state representations; the STS region is probably the basis of the detection of agency, and the temporal poles might be involved in access to social knowledge in the form of scripts. The activation of these components in concert appears to be critical to mentalizing. Keywords:mentalizing; theory
Hmmbased word alignment in statistical translation
 In COLING ’96: The 16th Int. Conf. on Computational Linguistics
, 1996
"... In this paper, we describe a new model for word alignment in statistical translation and present experimental results. The idea of the model is to make the alignment probabilities dependent on the differences in the alignment positions rather than on the absolute positions. To achieve this goal, th ..."
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Cited by 287 (44 self)
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In this paper, we describe a new model for word alignment in statistical translation and present experimental results. The idea of the model is to make the alignment probabilities dependent on the differences in the alignment positions rather than on the absolute positions. To achieve this goal
ProbLog: a probabilistic Prolog and its application in link discovery
 In Proceedings of 20th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence
, 2007
"... We introduce ProbLog, a probabilistic extension of Prolog. A ProbLog program defines a distribution over logic programs by specifying for each clause the probability that it belongs to a randomly sampled program, and these probabilities are mutually independent. The semantics of ProbLog is then defi ..."
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Cited by 144 (27 self)
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We introduce ProbLog, a probabilistic extension of Prolog. A ProbLog program defines a distribution over logic programs by specifying for each clause the probability that it belongs to a randomly sampled program, and these probabilities are mutually independent. The semantics of Prob
The estimation of probabilities
, 1965
"... By way of introduction, a classification of kinds of probability is given in the form of a tree which also forms an approximate hierarchy: psychological, subjective, logical, physical, and tautological. Various relationships between these kinds of probability are mentioned. Methods, all more or less ..."
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Cited by 92 (2 self)
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or less Bayesian, for the estimation of physical probabilities are then described. Binomial and multinomial probabilities are estimated by means of a threetiered hierarchical Bayesian method. The method can also be regarded, in some of its aspects, as Bayesian in the ordinary sense, wherein the initial
Results 1  10
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