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98,006
Analysis of the Security of Web Browsers via API Calls and Function Return Values
"... Web browsers are the primary interface for accessing the information on the World Wide Web. This work examines the relative vulnerability of web browsers. More specifically, this work explores the use of WIN32 DLLs and API calls and how the modification of the return values and out parameters of the ..."
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in the web browsers. The modification of return values and out parameters definitely affects the performance of the web browsers and in some cases crashes the web browsers. Recommendations for developers include using secure functions, verification of the returned values and out parameters, proper bounds
The relationship between return and market value of common stocks
 Journal of Financial Economics
, 1981
"... This study examines the empirical relattonship between the return and the total market value of NYSE common stocks. It is found that smaller firms have had htgher risk adjusted returns, on average, than larger lirms. This ‘size effect ’ has been in existence for at least forty years and is evidence ..."
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Cited by 791 (0 self)
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This study examines the empirical relattonship between the return and the total market value of NYSE common stocks. It is found that smaller firms have had htgher risk adjusted returns, on average, than larger lirms. This ‘size effect ’ has been in existence for at least forty years and is evidence
Liquidity Risk and Expected Stock Returns
, 2002
"... This study investigates whether marketwide liquidity is a state variable important for asset pricing. We find that expected stock returns are related crosssectionally to the sensitivities of returns to fluctuations in aggregate liquidity. Our monthly liquidity measure, an average of individualsto ..."
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Cited by 629 (6 self)
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for exposures to the market return as well as size, value, and momentum factors.
Software Error Early Detection System based on Runtime Statistical Analysis of Function Return Values
"... Large software systems, such as operating systems or databases, are extremely complex and based on code that is constantly changing with bug fixes and new features. As a result, these systems will likely never be free of bugs. The bugs typically don't expose themselves until they are triggered ..."
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early would be of value to allow the initiation of defensive actions such as flushing page caches or redirecting external requests to another service in the cluster. In this paper, we propose a statistical method of detecting problems in software at runtime based on analyzing function return values
The ratedistortion function for source coding with side information at the decoder
 IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory
, 1976
"... AbstractLet {(X,, Y,J}r = 1 be a sequence of independent drawings of a pair of dependent random variables X, Y. Let us say that X takes values in the finite set 6. It is desired to encode the sequence {X,} in blocks of length n into a binary stream*of rate R, which can in turn be decoded as a seque ..."
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Cited by 1060 (1 self)
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the infimum is with respect to all auxiliary random variables Z (which take values in a finite set 3) that satisfy: i) Y,Z conditiofally independent given X; ii) there exists a functionf: “Y x E +.%, such that E[D(X,f(Y,Z))] 5 d. Let Rx, y(d) be the ratedistortion function which results when the encoder
Orthogonal matching pursuit: Recursive function approximation with applications to wavelet decomposition
 in Conference Record of The TwentySeventh Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers
, 1993
"... In this paper we describe a recursive algorithm to compute representations of functions with respect to nonorthogonal and possibly overcomplete dictionaries of elementary building blocks e.g. aiEne (wa.velet) frames. We propoeea modification to the Matching Pursuit algorithm of Mallat and Zhang (199 ..."
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Cited by 637 (1 self)
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In this paper we describe a recursive algorithm to compute representations of functions with respect to nonorthogonal and possibly overcomplete dictionaries of elementary building blocks e.g. aiEne (wa.velet) frames. We propoeea modification to the Matching Pursuit algorithm of Mallat and Zhang
Bid, ask and transaction prices in a specialist market with heterogeneously informed traders
 Journal of Financial Economics
, 1985
"... The presence of traders with superior information leads to a positive bidask spread even when the specialist is riskneutral and makes zero expected profits. The resulting transaction prices convey information, and the expectation of the average spread squared times volume is bounded by a number th ..."
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Cited by 1273 (5 self)
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that is independent of insider activity. The serial correlation of transaction price differences is a function of the proportion of the spread due to adverse selection. A bidask spread implies a divergence between observed returns and realizable returns. Observed returns are approximately realizable returns plus
Calibrating noise to sensitivity in private data analysis
 In Proceedings of the 3rd Theory of Cryptography Conference
, 2006
"... Abstract. We continue a line of research initiated in [10, 11] on privacypreserving statistical databases. Consider a trusted server that holds a database of sensitive information. Given a query function f mapping databases to reals, the socalled true answer is the result of applying f to the datab ..."
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Cited by 649 (60 self)
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Abstract. We continue a line of research initiated in [10, 11] on privacypreserving statistical databases. Consider a trusted server that holds a database of sensitive information. Given a query function f mapping databases to reals, the socalled true answer is the result of applying f
Noise Trader Risk in Financial Markets
, 1989
"... We present a simple overlapping generations model of an asset market in which irrational noise traders with erroneous stochastic beliefs both affect prices and earn higher expected returns. The unpredictability of noise traders ’ beliefs creates a risk in the price of the asset that deters rational ..."
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Cited by 894 (25 self)
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arbitrageurs from aggressively betting against them. As a result, prices can diverge significantly from fundamental values even in the absence of fundamental risk. Moreover, bearing a disproportionate amount of risk that they themselves create enables noise traders to earn a higher expected return than do
Outside directors and CEO turnover
 Journal of Financial Economics
, 1988
"... ‘this paper examines the relation between the monitoring of CEOs by inside aud outside directors and CEO resignations. CEO resignations are predicted using stock returns and earnings changes as measures of prior performance. There is a stronger association between prior performance and the prhabilit ..."
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Cited by 491 (10 self)
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and the prhability of a resignation for companies with outsiderdominated boards than for companies with insiderdominated boards. This result dces not appear to be a function of ownership effects, size effects, or industry effects. Unexpected stock returns on days when resignations are announced are consistent
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