; Dept. Mathematics and Computer Science; University of Leicester; Categories and Subject Descriptors
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Monads are a useful abstraction of computation, as they model diverse computational effects such as stateful computations, exceptions and I/O in a uniform manner. Their potential to provide both a modular semantics and a modular programming style was soon recognised. However, in general, monads proved difficult to compose and so research focused on special mechanisms for their composition such as distributive monads and monad transformers.