this paper knows that Shannon did no such thing. It must not be forgotten that Shannon called his theory "a general theory of communication ", not a theory of information. The distinction is crucial. As Shannon put it in : The fundamental problem of communication is that of reproducing at one point either exactly or approximately a message selected at another point. Frequently the messages have meaning; that is, they refer to or are correlated according to some system with certain physical or conceptual entities. These semantic aspects of communication are irrelevant to the engineering problem. The significant aspect is that the actual message is one selected from a set of possible messages. It would be impossible to over-stress the fact that all aspects of "information" other than statistical phenomena are completely irrelevant to communication theory.