An important function of any register allocator is to target registers so as to eliminate copy instructions. Graph-coloring register allocation is an elegant approach to this problem. If the source and destination of a move instruction do not interfere, then their nodes can be coalesced in the interference graph. Chaitin's coalescing heuristic could make a graph uncolorable (i.e., introduce spills); Briggs et al. demonstrated a conservative coalescing heuristic that preserves colorability. But Briggs's algorithm is too conservative, and leaves too many move instructions in our programs. We show how to interleave coloring reductions with Briggs's coalescing heuristic, leading to an algorithm that is safe but much more aggressive. 1 Introduction Graph coloring is a powerful approach to register allocation and can have a significant impact on the execution of compiled code. A good register allocator does copy propagation, eliminating many move instructions by "coloring" the source tempor...
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ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems